Vivien Gornitz is a Senior Research Scientists at the Center for Climate Systems Research, Columbia University and NASA Goddard Institute for Space studies. She holds a B.A. from Barnard College and a Ph.D. from Columbia University. Her research interests include global sea level rise - past, present, and future, coastal hazards, climatic implications of land cover transformations, and planetary geology, including Mars. In addition to numerous scientific publications, she has edited Geology of the Planet Mars and has contributed articles to several Encyclopedias in the Earth Science Series. She was contributing author for IPCC in 1990, 1995, 2001 and 2007.