Electronic submission


Electronic submission substantially reduced the editorial processing and reviewing times and shortened overall publication times. To submit to the journal of your choice, click the Submit Manuscript button on the journal's homepage.

The link leads you directly to the submission system used by that journal, which is either Editorial Manger or Manuscript Central.

Include your ORCID iD

In both editorial systems you will have the option to include your ORCID iD. L_ORCID_circle_24px.gif © Springer

This ID uniquely attaches your identity to your research work, such as your articles and citations. The result: no more confusion because another researcher has the same or a similar name!

To register a new or existing ORCID number, log in to the editorial system and select 'Edit My Account' or 'Update My Information' from the menu.

You can read more about ORCID and its benefits here.

Add your research funding source

It will give your article additional visibility.

Our submission systems will offer the option to include your funding source in a standardized way. In most cases you will be able to choose your funder from the given list. Otherwise, please add it manually. 

The funding information will be published as searchable meta-data for the accepted article. 

It will be made publicly available through Crossref's funding data search and your article can be found by anyone who looks for your funder’s name.

Further reading: The Crossref Funder Registry 

Reviewing and acceptance


After your article has passed the initial acceptance criteria it is sent to peer-reviewers in your area of expertise for comments and later approval by the journal’s Editor-in-Chief. Once your article is accepted, we will process it for publication.

You will then be asked by email to start the workflow, in which you (as corresponding author) can easily manage the administrative tasks of the publishing procedure.

We are a “green” publisher. This means that authors are allowed to place the final accepted version of their manuscript on their own website and/or in their institutional repository. For more information, see Springer’s Self Archiving Policy:

Next steps for publishing your article: What to expect after acceptance


After your article has been accepted for publication, your manuscript is handed over to production for typesetting. Once typesetting is complete, we’ll guide you, the corresponding author, through simple, secure steps to:

  • Confirm your affiliation (institution or university)
  • Choose whether to publish open access
  • Determine whether an article processing charge (APC) is covered by an agreement from your institution
    • Accepted articles are checked for eligibility under our institutional open access agreements based on the institutional affiliation of the corresponding author. Some articles are eligible for part or full coverage of the APC as part of an institutional agreement with Springer Nature. In the event that an author is not eligible under an institutional open access agreement, they may still select the OA option and arrange for APC processing through direct payment or through a variety of funding options.   
  • Sign appropriate publishing agreement
    • Depending on the ownership of the journal and its policies, you will either grant the Publisher an exclusive license to publish the article or will be asked to transfer copyright of the article to the Publisher. A copy of the agreement is automatically sent to you via email for your records.
  • Arrange payment for associated publication costs

Your article proofs will only be sent once you’ve completed these guided checkpoints.

A dedicated Author Service team is available to help along the way:

Eligibility under institutional open access agreements (OA.Verification@springernature.com)

OA publishing and payments (ORSupport@springernature.com)

General Enquiries (ASJournals@springernature.com)

Preprint sharing


Springer journals encourage posting of preprints of primary research manuscripts on preprint servers, authors’ or institutional websites, and open communications between researchers whether on community preprint servers or preprint commenting platforms. Preprints are defined as an author’s version of a research manuscript prior to formal peer review at a journal, which is deposited on a public server (as described in Preprints for the life sciences. Science 352, 899–901; 2016); preprints may be posted at any time during the peer review process. Posting of preprints is not considered prior publication and will not jeopardize consideration at Springer journals. Manuscripts posted on preprint servers will not be taken into account when determining the advance provided by a study under consideration at a Springer journal.

Our policy on posting, licensing, citation of preprints and communications with the media about preprints of primary research manuscripts is summarized below.

Authors should disclose details of preprint posting, including DOI and licensing terms, upon submission of the manuscript or at any other point during consideration at a Springer journal. Once the preprint is published, it is the author’s responsibility to ensure that the preprint record is updated with a publication reference, including the DOI and a URL link to the published version of the article on the journal website.

Authors may choose any license of their choice for the preprint including Creative Commons licenses. The type of CC-license chosen will affect how the preprint may be shared and reused. More information to help guide licensing choices can be found in these resource documents developed by an ASAPbio licensing taskforce.

Preprints may be cited in the reference list of articles under consideration at Springer journals as shown below:

Babichev, S. A., Ries, J. & Lvovsky, A. I. Quantum scissors: teleportation of single-mode optical states by means of a nonlocal single photon. Preprint at http://arxiv.org/abs/quant-ph/0208066 (2002).

Authors posting preprints are asked to respect our policy on communications with the media. Researchers may respond to requests from the media in response to a preprint or conference presentation by providing explanation or clarification of the work, or information about its context. In these circumstances, media coverage will not hinder editorial handling of the submission. Researchers should be aware however that such coverage may reduce or pre-empt coverage by other media at the time of publication. We also advise that researchers approached by reporters in response to a preprint make it clear that the paper has not yet undergone peer review, that the findings are provisional and that the conclusions may change.

Information about our self-archiving policies and release of Author’s Accepted Manuscript may be found here.

Springer Nature believes it important that the Version of Record be publicly available when the work is discussed in the media. For that reason, we strongly discourage the direct solicitation of media coverage to appear ahead of publication of the final version of a paper.

Contact the author support


Please contact our author support for questions about submission: