Springer eBooks may be purchased by end-customers only and are sold without copy protection (DRM free). Instead, all eBooks include personalized watermarks. This means you can read the Springer eBooks across numerous devices such as Laptops, eReaders, and tablets.
You can pay for Springer eBooks with Visa, Mastercard, American Express or Paypal.
After the purchase you can directly download the eBook file or read it online in our Springer eBook Reader. Furthermore your eBook will be stored in your MySpringer account. So you can always re-download your eBooks.
The oceans are shrinking. They're not literally shrinking; warming in the last century has actually expanded the sea enough to threaten low-lying coastal lands that are vul nerable to storm surge. During the same interval, however, events on land have increasingly affected the sea. Since in most ways the Earth is a closed system-a zero-sum planet in today's parlance-as terrestrial influence on the sea expands, the sea's influence on its own processes shrinks. Control of many crucial marine processes no longer resides within the sea. The evidence for this is abundant and, to anyone who is looking, unmis takable. In recent decades scientists have witnessed unprecedented pertur bations and increases in previously uncommon events that demonstrate growing terrestrial influences on the sea. Numerous marine species, from sea urchins to monk seals, have experienced devastating epidemics. The number of harmful algal blooms and jellyfishpopulation explosions is rising An hypoxic "dead zone" in the Gulf of Mexico off the mouth of the Mississippi Rivernow appears each year and grows to encompass an area as large as NewJersey. Live coral cover in shallow reefs in Florida,Jamaica, the Maldives and many other locations has severely declined. Deepwater reef building corals, once widely distributed, have disappeared throughout much of their ranges. Researchers have discovered high concentrations of persis tent organic pollutants in declining populations of beluga whales and polar bears, both high trophic level predators in marine food webs.
Foreword * Series Preface * Part I. Concepts and Techniques * Introduction * Modeling in STELLA * Predator-Prey Dynamics * Epidemic in the Marine System * Impacts of Fishing Pressure on Mean Length of Fish * Spatial Fisheries Model * Part II. Applications * Modeling Atmosphere-Ocean Interactions and Primary Productivity * Impact of Dynamic Light and Nutrient Environments on Phytoplankton Communities in the Coastal Ocean * Eelgrass Dynamics * Life-stage Based Recovery Dynamics of Marine Invertebrates in Soft-sediment Habitats * Horseshoe Crabs and Shorebirds * Kelp, Urchins and Otters in the California Region * Nile Perch Population Dynamics in Lake Victoria: Implications for Management and Conservation * Dynamics of Multiple Fish Species under Variable Levels of Exploitation * Fish Population Responses to Seafloor Habitat Alteration: Implications for the Design of Marine Protected Areas * Management of the Commons: Social Behavior and Resource Extraction * Cod Aquaculture * The Global Shrimp Market * Part III. Conclusion * Reflections on the Parts and the Total * Acknowledgments * Glossary * Appendix: Quick Help Guide * References * Authors * Acknowledgments