Living Reviews in Relativity: "Testing general relativity in cosmology"
Ishak, M., "Testing general relativity in cosmology", Living Rev Relativ (2019) 22: 1. https://doi.org/10.1007/s41114-018-0017-4
Open Access | Review Article
First Online: 18 December 2018
We review recent developments and results in testing general relativity (GR) at cosmological scales. The subject has witnessed rapid growth during the last two decades with the aim of addressing the question of cosmic acceleration and the dark energy associated with it. However, with the advent of precision cosmology, it has also become a well-motivated endeavor by itself to test gravitational physics at cosmic scales. We overview cosmological probes of gravity, formalisms and parameterizations for testing deviations from GR at cosmological scales, selected modified gravity (MG) theories, gravitational screening mechanisms, and computer codes developed for these tests. We then provide summaries of recent cosmological constraints on MG parameters and selected MG models. We supplement these cosmological constraints with a summary of implications from the recent binary neutron star merger event. Next, we summarize some results on MG parameter forecasts with and without astrophysical systematics that will dominate the uncertainties. The review aims at providing an overall picture of the subject and an entry point to students and researchers interested in joining the field. It can also serve as a quick reference to recent results and constraints on testing gravity at cosmological scales.
Mustapha Ishak-Boushaki is Professor of Physics and Astrophysics at the University of Texas at Dallas. His research interests are Physical Cosmology, Gravitational Lensing, and General Relativity.