GRG Editor's Choice: Sobolev stability of the PMT and RPI using IMCF
Allen, B., Sobolev stability of the Positive Mass Theorem and Riemannian Penrose Inequality using inverse mean curvature flow, Gen Relativ Gravit (2019) 51: 59. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10714-019-2542-1
Editor's Choice (Research Article)
First Online: 02 May 2019
Close encounters between compact object binaries and a supermassive black hole are plausible at galactic centers. We present results from a numerical study of close to 13 million such encounters. Consistent with previous studies, we found that disrupted binaries produce bound extreme-mass-ratio binaries with eccentricities of ∼0.97 which circularize dramatically by the time they enter the classical LISA sensitivity band. We also investigated the regions of parameter space for binary survival and estimated the distribution of orbital parameters post-encounter. Our results showed that the semi-major axis of the population of surviving binaries is not significantly affected by the encounter. On the other hand, the eccentricity does; it increases in most cases. As a consequence, the encounter with the super-massive black hole accelerates the merger of the surviving binary, increasing the predicted merger rates by up to 1%.
Brian Allen is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Mathematical Sciences at the United States Military Academy, West Point, NY. He does research in Geometric Analysis.
GRG Editor's Choice:
In each volume of GRG, a few papers are marked as “Editor’s Choice”. The primary criteria is original, high quality research that is of wide interest within the community.