CompAC: CosmoGAN – creating high-fidelity weak lensing convergence maps using Generative Adversarial Networks

© SpringerMustafa Mustafa, Deborah Bard, Wahid Bhimji, Zarija Lukić, Rami Al-Rfou and Jan M. Kratochvil, CosmoGAN: creating high-fidelity weak lensing convergence maps using Generative Adversarial Networks, Comput. Astrophys. Cosmol. (2019) 6:1 https://doi.org/10.1186/s40668-019-0029-9 

Research | Open Access

Published: 6 May 2019

Part of the Collection "Machine learning to advance our understanding of the Universe"


Abstract:

Inferring model parameters from experimental data is a grand challenge in many sciences, including cosmology. This often relies critically on high fidelity numerical simulations, which are prohibitively computationally expensive. The application of deep learning techniques to generative modeling is renewing interest in using high dimensional density estimators as computationally inexpensive emulators of fully-fledged simulations. These generative models have the potential to make a dramatic shift in the field of scientific simulations, but for that shift to happen we need to study the performance of such generators in the precision regime needed for science applications. To this end, in this work we apply Generative Adversarial Networks to the problem of generating weak lensing convergence maps. We show that our generator network produces maps that are described by, with high statistical confidence, the same summary statistics as the fully simulated maps.