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Behaviormetrics: Quantitative Approaches to Human Behavior

Pupil Reactions in Response to Human Mental Activity

Editors: Nakayama, Minoru, Shimizu, Yasutaka (Eds.)

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  • Presents the mental activity assessment procedure using pupil size for emotional changes in viewing movies
  • Discusses pupillary psychological responses and potentials of interests in addition to the basic measurements
  • Explains that the modeling technique for pupillary responses is based on a conventional machine learning procedure 
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  • ISBN 978-981-16-1722-5
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Hardcover $119.99
price for USA in USD
  • ISBN 978-981-16-1721-8
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About this book

 This book focuses on a development for assessing mental changes using eye pupil reactions, namely extracting emotional change from the response to evaluate the viewer's interest in visual information.  

The pupil of the eye reacts to both brightness and emotional state, including interest, enjoyment, and mental workload. Because pupillary change is a biological signal, various artifacts influence measurements of eye images. Technical procedures are required to extract mental activities from pupillary changes, and they are summarized here step by step, although some procedures contain earlier techniques such as analog video processing.  

This study examines the possibility of estimating the viewer's interest and enjoyment of viewing movies by measuring the dynamic pupillary changes, blinking, and subjective interest responses. In evaluation of pupil size, there was a significant difference in pupil size between the higher and the lower shot for the degree of subject interest response in each kind of movies. 

The first part of the book shows a pupil reaction model for brightness changes to extract mental activities. Pupil reactions were observed for various visual stimuli in brightness changes. With regard to the characteristics of pupillary changes, a model with a three-layer neural network was developed and the performance was evaluated. Characteristics of pupil reactions during model development are summarized here. 

The second part examines the possibility of estimating the viewer's interest and enjoyment of television programs by measuring dynamic pupillary changes, blinking, and subjective interest responses. 

The final part describes a development of estimation model of pupil size for blink artifact. The model development was able to estimate pupillary changes and pupil size while the viewer was blinking and was applied to pupillary changes in viewing television programs. 


About the authors

Minoru Nakayama is Professor at Tokyo Institute of Technology.

Yasutaka Shimizu is Professor Emeritus at Tokyo Institute of Technology.


Table of contents (7 chapters)

Table of contents (7 chapters)
  • Controlling the Effects of Brightness on the Measurement of Pupil Size as a Means of Evaluating Mental Activity

    Pages 1-14

    Nakayama, Minoru (et al.)

  • Pupil Reaction Model Using a Neural Network for Brightness Change

    Pages 15-30

    Asano, Shigeyoshi (et al.)

  • A Neural-Network-Based Eye Pupil Reaction Model for Use with Television Programs

    Pages 31-47

    Asano, Shigeyoshi (et al.)

  • The Relationship Between Pupillary Changes and Subjective Indices to the Content of Television Programs

    Pages 49-60

    Murai, Maki (et al.)

  • An Estimation Model for Pupil Size of Blink Artifacts While Viewing TV Programs

    Pages 61-75

    Nakayama, Minoru (et al.)

Buy this book

eBook $89.00
price for USA in USD
  • ISBN 978-981-16-1722-5
  • Digitally watermarked, DRM-free
  • Included format: PDF, EPUB
  • ebooks can be used on all reading devices
  • Immediate eBook download after purchase
Hardcover $119.99
price for USA in USD
  • ISBN 978-981-16-1721-8
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Institutional customers should get in touch with their account manager
  • Covid-19 shipping restrictions
  • Usually ready to be dispatched within 3 to 5 business days, if in stock
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Bibliographic Information

Bibliographic Information
Book Title
Pupil Reactions in Response to Human Mental Activity
Editors
  • Minoru Nakayama
  • Yasutaka Shimizu
Series Title
Behaviormetrics: Quantitative Approaches to Human Behavior
Series Volume
6
Copyright
2021
Publisher
Springer Singapore
Copyright Holder
Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd.
eBook ISBN
978-981-16-1722-5
DOI
10.1007/978-981-16-1722-5
Hardcover ISBN
978-981-16-1721-8
Series ISSN
2524-4027
Edition Number
1
Number of Pages
VII, 106
Number of Illustrations
51 b/w illustrations, 25 illustrations in colour
Topics