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Spatial Dynamics and Ecology of Large Ungulate Populations in Tropical Forests of India

Authors: Kumar, N.S., Karanth, K.U., Nichols, J.D., Vaidyanathan, S., Gardner, B., Krishnaswamy, J.

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  • Describes a practically tested, cutting-edge methodological framework to assess ungulate-habitat relationships
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  • Presents unique aspect of incorporation of spatial data and relevant analytic information on ecological and management questions concerning threatened ungulate species
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  • Demonstrates the utility of spatially-explicit modelling approach for generating results relevant for the conservation monitoring of larger mammal species at landscape scales 
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  • Illustrates application of Bayesian hierarchical spatial modelling and Markov Chain Monte Carlo approaches to survey design, field practices, modelling of data and estimation of ungulate population density and related parameters
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  • Introduces innovative methods to improve standard traditional line transect field surveys and data with additional integration of spatial data elements
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  • Explains a unique approach to estimation of animal population density and abundance at a large spatial scale across and in densely forested rugged terrains
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  • ISBN 978-981-15-6934-0
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About this book

Large ungulates in tropical forests are among the most threatened taxa of mammals. Excessive hunting, degradation of and encroachments on their natural habitats by humans have contributed to drastic reductions in wild ungulate populations in recent decades. As such, reliable assessments of ungulate-habitat relationships and the spatial dynamics of their populations are urgently needed to provide a scientific basis for conservation efforts. However, such rigorous assessments are methodologically complex and logistically difficult, and consequently many commonly used ungulate population survey methods do not address key problems. As a result of such deficiencies, key parameters related to population distribution, abundance, habitat ecology and management of tropical forest ungulates remain poorly understood.

This book addresses this critical knowledge gap by examining how population abundance patterns in five threatened species of large ungulates vary across space in the tropical forests of the Nagarahole-Bandipur reserves in southwestern India. It also explains the development and application of an innovative methodology – spatially explicit line transect sampling – based on an advanced hierarchical modelling under the Bayesian inferential framework, which overcomes common methodological deficiencies in current ungulate surveys. The methods and results presented provide valuable reference material for researchers and professionals involved in studying and managing wild ungulate populations around the globe. 

About the authors

Dr. N. Samba Kumar is currently an Emeritus Scientist at the Centre for Wildlife Studies following his retirement as Director of Research and Training. He holds a master’s degree in Ecology from Pondicherry University and a Ph.D. from Manipal University, India. His research focuses on disentangling complex factors that shape abundance patterns of large mammals and on developing rigorous field survey and analytical methods for monitoring large mammal populations at multiple spatial scales. He has authored/co-authored over 75 scientific articles/reports and one book.

Dr. K. Ullas Karanth is the Director of Centre for Wildlife Studies, India, and a Fellow of the Indian Academy of Sciences. He graduated in Wildlife Biology from the University of Florida, Gainesville, USA, and Mangalore University, India, and served as the Director of the Wildlife Conservation Society-India program (1988-2017). His research focuses on carnivore ecology and wildlife management. He has authored over 150 scientific articles and 15 technical and popular books.

Dr. James D. Nichols recently retired from his position as a government scientist with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, the U.S. National Biological Survey and the U.S. Geological Survey. After studying at Louisiana State University and Michigan State University, his career has focused on animal population dynamics, biostatistics and decision-making in conservation. He has authored over 400 scientific articles and 10 books.

Mr. Srinivas Vaidyanathan is a Senior Research Fellow and trustee of the Foundation for Ecological Research, Advocacy and Learning, India. He graduated in Ecology from Pondicherry University, India. His research focuses on landscape ecology, space - time analysis and connectivity conservation, with a particular interest in understanding the changes in landscape level structure and processes that affect the distribution and abundance of large mammal populations. He has authored/co-authored over 50 scientific articles/reports and four books.

Dr. Beth Gardner is an Associate Professor at the University of Washington’s School of Environmental and Forest Sciences, in Seattle. She holds M.S. and Ph.D. degrees from Cornell University. She has authored/co-authored over 70 scientific articles and 1 book on capture-recapture models. Her research focuses on statistical models, ecology and population dynamics. 

Dr. Jagdish Krishnaswamy is a Senior Fellow at the Ashoka Trust for Research in Ecology and the Environment (ATREE), Bengaluru, India. He holds an M.S. degree in Statistics and a Ph.D. in Environmental Science from Duke University, NC, USA.  His main areas of research and teaching are ecohydrology, landscape ecology and applied statistics, and he has published over 60 peer-reviewed articles and several book chapters. 

Table of contents (5 chapters)

Table of contents (5 chapters)
  • Introduction: The Conservation Issue

    Pages 1-33

    Kumar, N. Samba (et al.)

  • Development of Hierarchical Spatial Models for Assessing Ungulate Abundance and Habitat Relationships

    Pages 35-82

    Kumar, N. Samba (et al.)

  • Model-Based Assessment of Ungulate-Habitat Relationships

    Pages 83-165

    Kumar, N. Samba (et al.)

  • Assessing Threats to Ungulates and Management Responses

    Pages 167-184

    Kumar, N. Samba (et al.)

  • Conservation of Tropical Forest Ungulates: The Way Forward

    Pages 185-195

    Kumar, N. Samba (et al.)

Buy this book

eBook $139.00
price for USA in USD
  • ISBN 978-981-15-6934-0
  • Digitally watermarked, DRM-free
  • Included format: PDF, EPUB
  • ebooks can be used on all reading devices
  • Immediate eBook download after purchase
Hardcover $179.99
price for USA in USD
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Bibliographic Information

Bibliographic Information
Book Title
Spatial Dynamics and Ecology of Large Ungulate Populations in Tropical Forests of India
Authors
Copyright
2021
Publisher
Springer Singapore
Copyright Holder
The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd.
eBook ISBN
978-981-15-6934-0
DOI
10.1007/978-981-15-6934-0
Hardcover ISBN
978-981-15-6933-3
Edition Number
1
Number of Pages
XXVII, 195
Number of Illustrations
30 b/w illustrations, 16 illustrations in colour
Topics