Cognitive Intelligence and Robotics

Cognitively Inspired Natural Language Processing

An Investigation Based on Eye-tracking

Authors: Mishra, Abhijit, Bhattacharyya, Pushpak

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  • The first of its kind book, shedding new light on how modern Natural Language Processing (NLP) systems can leverage human cognitive data
  • Includes the authors’ research contributions that are “relevant,” “timely” and ”influential” in the context of modern NLP
  • Shows that cognitively inspired NLP (Cognitive NLP) is currently drawing attention from Computational Linguistic community with a good amount of research work on Cognitive NLP getting published in top-tier NLP conferences and journals
  • A highly useful guide for all researchers interested in pursuing this research direction
  • Explains research methodologies and makes the authors’ experiments easily replicable; some of the authors’ systems are also hosted online and are easy to use
  • Demonstrates that eye tracking devices are becoming widespread and easily available, even on mobile phones, and shows how to seize the opportunity of an enabling technology to design better NLP systems
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eBook $109.00
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  • ISBN 978-981-13-1516-9
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  • ebooks can be used on all reading devices
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Hardcover $139.99
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Softcover $139.99
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About this book

This book shows ways of augmenting the capabilities of Natural Language Processing (NLP) systems by means of cognitive-mode language processing. The authors employ eye-tracking technology to record and analyze shallow cognitive information in the form of gaze patterns of readers/annotators who perform language processing tasks. The insights gained from such measures are subsequently translated into systems that help us (1) assess the actual cognitive load in text annotation, with resulting increase in human text-annotation efficiency, and (2) extract cognitive features that, when added to traditional features, can improve the accuracy of text classifiers. In sum, the authors’ work successfully demonstrates that cognitive information gleaned from human eye-movement data can benefit modern NLP.

Currently available Natural Language Processing (NLP) systems are weak AI systems: they seek to capture the functionality of human language processing, without worrying about how this processing is realized in human beings’ hardware. In other words, these systems are oblivious to the actual cognitive processes involved in human language processing. This ignorance, however, is NOT bliss! The accuracy figures of all non-toy NLP systems saturate beyond a certain point, making it abundantly clear that “something different should be done.” 

About the authors

Abhijit Mishra is currently a part of IBM Research, Bangalore, India, where he serves as a Research Scientist in the Department of Cognitive Solutions and Services. Prior to joining IBM Research, he was a PhD student at the Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay. He interned at the Center for Research and Innovation in Translation and Translation Technologies, CBS, Copenhagen under the guidance of Prof. Michael Carl. Abhijit was also a part of “Developing Multilingual Resources for Indian Languages through Crowdsourcing,” a project launched by the IIT Bombay in collaboration with Xerox Research Center India, Bangalore. The aim of the project was to build a system that helps NLP developers customize and float linguistic annotation tasks using popular crowdsourcing service providers (like Amazon’s Mechanical Turk). Abhijit is currently involved in multiple projects based on Natural Language Generation.

Prof. Pushpak Bhattacharyya is a recent past President of the ACL (2016–17). He is Director of the IIT Patna and Vijay and Sita Vashee Chair Professor at the Department of Computer Science and Engineering, IIT Bombay. He studied at the IIT Kharagpur (BTech), IIT Kanpur (MTech) and IIT Bombay (PhD) and has been a visiting scholar and faculty at MIT, Stanford, UT Houston and University Joseph Fourier (France). Prof. Bhattacharyya’s main research areas are Natural Language Processing, Machine Learning and AI. He has published more than 250 research papers and led government and industry projects of international and national importance. Author of the textbook ‘Machine Translation,’ he is a Fellow of the National Academy of Engineering, Eminent Engineer awardee of the Institute of Engineers India, and a recipient of the Patwardhan Award (IIT Bombay) and VNMM Award (IIT Roorkee) – both for technology development – and faculty grants from IBM, Microsoft, Yahoo and the United Nations. 

Table of contents (8 chapters)

Table of contents (8 chapters)
  • Introduction

    Pages 1-21

    Mishra, Abhijit (et al.)

  • Applications of Eye Tracking in Language Processing and Other Areas

    Pages 23-46

    Mishra, Abhijit (et al.)

  • Estimating Annotation Complexities of Text Using Gaze and Textual Information

    Pages 49-76

    Mishra, Abhijit (et al.)

  • Scanpath Complexity: Modeling Reading/Annotation Effort Using Gaze Information

    Pages 77-98

    Mishra, Abhijit (et al.)

  • Predicting Readers’ Sarcasm Understandability by Modeling Gaze Behavior

    Pages 99-115

    Mishra, Abhijit (et al.)

Buy this book

eBook $109.00
price for USA in USD
  • ISBN 978-981-13-1516-9
  • Digitally watermarked, DRM-free
  • Included format: PDF, EPUB
  • ebooks can be used on all reading devices
  • Immediate eBook download after purchase
Hardcover $139.99
price for USA in USD
Softcover $139.99
price for USA in USD
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Bibliographic Information

Bibliographic Information
Book Title
Cognitively Inspired Natural Language Processing
Book Subtitle
An Investigation Based on Eye-tracking
Authors
Series Title
Cognitive Intelligence and Robotics
Copyright
2018
Publisher
Springer Singapore
Copyright Holder
Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd.
eBook ISBN
978-981-13-1516-9
DOI
10.1007/978-981-13-1516-9
Hardcover ISBN
978-981-13-1515-2
Softcover ISBN
978-981-13-4643-9
Series ISSN
2520-1956
Edition Number
1
Number of Pages
XVII, 174
Number of Illustrations
4 b/w illustrations, 30 illustrations in colour
Topics