Springer Theses

Development of a Fully Integrated “Sample-In-Answer-Out” System for Automatic Genetic Analysis

Authors: Zhuang, Bin

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  • Nominated by Tsinghua University as an outstanding Ph.D. thesis
  • Develops a disposable DNA extraction system and PCR microchip, as well as a compact control instrument for genetic testing of hereditary hearing loss from human whole blood with an improved turnaround time
  • Describes a modular-based integration method for combining DNA extraction, PCR amplification, and capillary array electrophoresis in a single device
  • Applies the integrated microsystem to the pharmacogenetic typing of multiple warfarin-related single-nucleotide polymorphisms
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  • ISBN 978-981-10-4753-4
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Hardcover $159.99
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About this book

This thesis reports on the development of a fully integrated and automated microsystem consisting of low-cost, disposable plastic chips for DNA extraction and PCR amplification, combined with a reusable glass capillary array electrophoresis chip, which can be employed in a modular-based format for genetic analysis. In the thesis, DNA extraction is performed by adopting a filter paper-based method, followed by an “in-situ” PCR carried out directly in the same reaction chamber of the chip without elution. PCR products are then co-injected with sizing standards into separation channels for detection using a novel injection electrode. The entire process is automatically carried out by a custom-made compact control and detection instrument. The author thoroughly tests the system’s performance and reliability by conducting rapid genetic screening of mutations on congenital hearing loss and pharmacogenetic typing of multiple warfarin-related single-nucleotide polymorphisms. The successful development and operation of this microsystem establishes the feasibility of rapid “sample-in-answer-out” testing in routine clinical practice.

About the authors

For internal review:

Dr. Bin Zhuang

Supervisor: Prof. Jing Cheng, School of Medicine, Tsinghua University

Current Affiliation: National Engineering Research Center for Beijing Biochip Technology, Capitalbio Corporation

Research Area: Biomedical engineering, microfluidic, nucleotide analysis, electrophoresis, biochemistry

Publications:

[1] Gan, W.P.,# Zhuang, B.,# Zhang, P.F., Han, J.P., Li, C.X., and Liu, P. (2014). A filter paper-based microdevice for low-cost, rapid, and automated DNA extraction and amplification from diverse sample types. Lab on a Chip 14, 3719-3728.

[2] Zhuang, B., #  Gan, W.P., Wang, #  S.Q., Han, J.P., Xiang, G.X., Li, C.X., Sun, J., Liu, P. (2015). A fully automated sample preparation microsystem for genetic testing of hereditary hearing loss using two-color multiplex allele-specific PCR. Analytical Chemistry, 87(2):1202-1209.

[3] Zhuang, B., #  Han, J.P., #  Xiang, G.X., Gan, W.P., Wang, S.Q., Wang, D., Wang, L., Sun, J., Li, C.X., Liu, P. (2016). A fully integrated and automated microsystem for rapid pharmacogenetic typing of multiple warfarin-related single-nucleotide polymorphisms. Lab on a Chip 16, 86-95.

Table of contents (5 chapters)

Table of contents (5 chapters)

Buy this book

eBook $119.00
price for USA in USD
  • ISBN 978-981-10-4753-4
  • Digitally watermarked, DRM-free
  • Included format: PDF, EPUB
  • ebooks can be used on all reading devices
  • Immediate eBook download after purchase
Hardcover $159.99
price for USA in USD
Softcover $159.99
price for USA in USD
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Bibliographic Information

Bibliographic Information
Book Title
Development of a Fully Integrated “Sample-In-Answer-Out” System for Automatic Genetic Analysis
Authors
Series Title
Springer Theses
Copyright
2018
Publisher
Springer Singapore
Copyright Holder
Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd.
eBook ISBN
978-981-10-4753-4
DOI
10.1007/978-981-10-4753-4
Hardcover ISBN
978-981-10-4752-7
Softcover ISBN
978-981-13-5220-1
Series ISSN
2190-5053
Edition Number
1
Number of Pages
XXIII, 114
Number of Illustrations
14 b/w illustrations, 44 illustrations in colour
Topics