Breakdown in Traffic Networks

Fundamentals of Transportation Science

Authors: Kerner, Boris S.

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  • Proves the empirical nucleation nature of traffic breakdown in networks.
  • Discusses the origin of the failure of classical traffic and transportation theories
  • Shows that the three-phase theory is incommensurable with the classical traffic theories
  • Explains why current state-of-the art dynamic traffic assignments tend to provoke heavy traffic congestion,
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eBook $139.00
price for USA in USD (gross)
  • ISBN 978-3-662-54473-0
  • Digitally watermarked, DRM-free
  • Included format: EPUB, PDF
  • ebooks can be used on all reading devices
  • Immediate eBook download after purchase
Hardcover $199.99
price for USA in USD
  • ISBN 978-3-662-54471-6
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
Softcover $179.99
price for USA in USD
  • ISBN 978-3-662-57197-2
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
About this book

This book offers a detailed investigation of breakdowns in traffic and transportation networks. It shows empirically that transitions from free flow to so-called synchronized flow, initiated by local disturbances at network bottlenecks, display a nucleation-type behavior: while small disturbances in free flow decay, larger ones grow further and lead to breakdowns at the bottlenecks. Further, it discusses in detail the significance of this nucleation effect for traffic and transportation theories, and the consequences this has for future automatic driving, traffic control, dynamic traffic assignment, and optimization in traffic and transportation networks.

Starting from a large volume of field traffic data collected from various sources obtained solely through measurements in real world traffic, the author develops his insights, with an emphasis less on reviewing existing methodologies, models and theories, and more on providing a detailed analysis of empirical traffic data and drawing consequences regarding the minimum requirements for any traffic and transportation theories to be valid.

The book

- proves the empirical nucleation nature of traffic breakdown in networks

- discusses the origin of the failure of classical traffic and transportation theories

- shows that the three-phase theory is incommensurable with the classical traffic theories, and

- explains why current state-of-the art dynamic traffic assignments tend to provoke heavy traffic congestion,

making it a valuable reference resource for a wide audience of scientists and postgraduate students interested in the fundamental understanding of empirical traffic phenomena and related data-driven phenomenology, as well as for practitioners working in the fields of traffic and transportation engineering.

Table of contents (16 chapters)

Table of contents (16 chapters)
  • Introduction—The Reason for Paradigm Shift in Transportation Science

    Pages 1-71

    Kerner, Boris S.

  • Achievements of Empirical Studies of Traffic Breakdown at Highway Bottlenecks

    Pages 73-86

    Kerner, Boris S.

  • Nucleation Nature of Traffic Breakdown—Empirical Fundamental of Transportation Science

    Pages 87-122

    Kerner, Boris S.

  • Failure of Generally Accepted Classical Traffic Flow Theories

    Pages 123-186

    Kerner, Boris S.

  • Theoretical Fundamental of Transportation Science—The Three-Phase Theory

    Pages 187-274

    Kerner, Boris S.

Buy this book

eBook $139.00
price for USA in USD (gross)
  • ISBN 978-3-662-54473-0
  • Digitally watermarked, DRM-free
  • Included format: EPUB, PDF
  • ebooks can be used on all reading devices
  • Immediate eBook download after purchase
Hardcover $199.99
price for USA in USD
  • ISBN 978-3-662-54471-6
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
Softcover $179.99
price for USA in USD
  • ISBN 978-3-662-57197-2
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
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Bibliographic Information

Bibliographic Information
Book Title
Breakdown in Traffic Networks
Book Subtitle
Fundamentals of Transportation Science
Authors
Copyright
2017
Publisher
Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
Copyright Holder
Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany
eBook ISBN
978-3-662-54473-0
DOI
10.1007/978-3-662-54473-0
Hardcover ISBN
978-3-662-54471-6
Softcover ISBN
978-3-662-57197-2
Edition Number
1
Number of Pages
XXIX, 652
Number of Illustrations
112 b/w illustrations, 102 illustrations in colour
Topics