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Ecological Studies

Air Pollution by Photochemical Oxidants

Formation, Transport, Control, and Effects on Plants

Editors: Guderian, Robert (Ed.)

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About this book

Photochemical oxidants are secondary air pollutants formed under the influence of sunlight by complex photochemical reactions in air which contains nitrogen oxides and reactive hydrocarbons as precursors. The most adverse components formed by photochemical reactions in polluted air are ozone (0 ) 3 and peroxyacetyl nitrate (PAN), among many other products such as aldehydes, ketones, organic and inorganic acids, nitrates, sulfates etc. An analysis and evaluation of the available knowledge has been used to characterize the relationships among emissions, ambient air concentrations, and effects, and to identify the important controlling influences on the formation and effects of photochemical oxidants. The biological activity of photochemical oxidants was first clearly manifested during the early 1940's, when vegetation injury was observed in the Los Angeles Basin in the United States. Since that time, as a consequence of the increasing emissions of photochemical oxidant precursors, the photochemical oxidants have become the most important air pollutants in North America. In other parts of the world, for example South and Central America, Asia, and Australia, photo­ chemical oxidants threaten vegetation, particularly the economic and ecological performance of plant life. According to my knowledge, the first observations of ozone and PAN injury to vegetation in Europe were made by Dr. Ellis F. Darley (Statewide Air Pollution Research Center, University of California, Riverside, California) during a study visit (1963/64) to the Federal Republic of Germany.

Table of contents (14 chapters)

  • Introduction

    Guderian, Professor Dr. Robert

    Pages 3-3

  • Oxidants, Precursors, and Concomitant Species

    Guderian, Professor Dr. Robert

    Pages 4-10

  • Emissions and Ambient Air Concentrations

    Guderian, Professor Dr. Robert

    Pages 11-67

  • Air Chemistry and Dispersion

    Guderian, Professor Dr. Robert

    Pages 68-96

  • Surveillance of Ambient Air Quality

    Guderian, Professor Dr. Robert

    Pages 97-104

Buy this book

eBook $119.00
price for USA in USD (gross)
  • ISBN 978-3-642-70118-4
  • Digitally watermarked, DRM-free
  • Included format: PDF
  • ebooks can be used on all reading devices
  • Immediate eBook download after purchase
Softcover $159.00
price for USA in USD
  • ISBN 978-3-642-70120-7
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
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Bibliographic Information

Bibliographic Information
Book Title
Air Pollution by Photochemical Oxidants
Book Subtitle
Formation, Transport, Control, and Effects on Plants
Editors
  • Robert Guderian
Series Title
Ecological Studies
Series Volume
52
Copyright
1985
Publisher
Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
Copyright Holder
Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
eBook ISBN
978-3-642-70118-4
DOI
10.1007/978-3-642-70118-4
Softcover ISBN
978-3-642-70120-7
Series ISSN
0070-8356
Edition Number
1
Number of Pages
XII, 348
Topics