Ecological Studies

Mediterranean-Type Ecosystems

The Role of Nutrients

Editors: Kruger, F.J., Mitchell, D.T., Jarvis, J.U.M. (Eds.)

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About this book

The theory of ecological convergence underlies the biogeographers' maps of world biome-types. It also determines the degree to which ecological principles, derived from research on particular populations, communities or ecosystems, are generally valid, and hence also to what extent resource management principles are general. To quote Di Castri and Mooney (1973): "In effect, in order to assess the transfer of technology, it is essential to know to what extent information acquired from studying one particular ecosystem is applicable to another ecosystem of the same type but situated in a different location. " The five relatively small, isolated, mediterranean-climate zones of the earth, each with its distinct fauna and flora, have provided the ideal testing grounds for this theory. A heritage of precisely focused ecosystems research has resulted, beginning with the international comparative analyses conducted by Specht (l969a, b) but with antecedents in earlier studies in South Australia (Specht and Rayson 1957, Specht 1973). Cody and Mooney (1978) reviewed the information available at the time for the four zones excepting Australia and concluded that the arrays of strategy-types to be found among the different biotas were so similar that they could be explained only in terms of the convergence hypothesis; nevertheless, evident differences in community organization and dynamics, especially phenol­ ogy, required closer study of resource availability and resource-use patterns to better explain relations between form and function overall, and to assess the degree of convergence at higher levels of organization than the population.

Table of contents (27 chapters)

Table of contents (27 chapters)
  • The Comparative Evolution of Mediterranean-Type Ecosystems: A Southern Perspective

    Pages 3-40

    Deacon, H. J.

  • Mediterranean-Type Heathlands and Sclerophyllous Shrublands of the World: An Overview

    Pages 41-65

    Specht, R. L. (et al.)

  • Ecological Control of the Vegetation of Southwestern Australia: Moisture versus Nutrients

    Pages 66-73

    Beard, J. S.

  • Influence of Nutrients on the Composition and Distribution of Plant Communities in Mediterranean-Type Ecosystems of Israel

    Pages 74-85

    Rabinovitch-Vin, A.

  • Approaches to the Definition of Mediterranean Growth Forms

    Pages 86-100

    Orshan, G.

Buy this book

eBook $119.00
price for USA in USD
  • ISBN 978-3-642-68935-2
  • Digitally watermarked, DRM-free
  • Included format: PDF
  • Immediate eBook download after purchase and usable on all devices
  • Bulk discounts available
Softcover $159.00
price for USA in USD
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Bibliographic Information

Bibliographic Information
Book Title
Mediterranean-Type Ecosystems
Book Subtitle
The Role of Nutrients
Editors
  • F.J. Kruger
  • D.T. Mitchell
  • J.U.M. Jarvis
Series Title
Ecological Studies
Series Volume
43
Copyright
1983
Publisher
Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
Copyright Holder
Springer-Verlag Berlin · Heidelberg
eBook ISBN
978-3-642-68935-2
DOI
10.1007/978-3-642-68935-2
Softcover ISBN
978-3-642-68937-6
Series ISSN
0070-8356
Edition Number
1
Number of Pages
XIV, 556
Topics