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Ecological Studies

Physiological Ecology of the Alpine Timberline

Tree Existence at High Altitudes with Special Reference to the European Alps

Authors: Tranquillini, W.

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About this book

In the European Alps the importance of forests as protection against ava­ lanches and soil erosion is becoming ever clearer with the continuing increase in population and development of tourism. The protective potential of the moun­ tain forests can currently only be partially realised because a considerable propor­ tion of high-altitude stands has been destroyed in historical times by man's extensive clearing ofthe forests. The forests still remaining are of limited effec­ tiveness, due to inadequate density of trees and over-maturity. Considerable efforts, however, are now being made in the Alps and other mountains of the globe to increase the high-altitude forested area through reforestation, to raise depressed timberlines, and to restore remaining protection forests using suit­ able silvicultural methods to their full protective value. This momentous task, if it is to be successful, must be planned on a sound foundation. An important prerequisite is the assembly of scientific facts con­ cerning the physical environment in the protection forest zone of mountains, and the course of various life processes of tree species occurring there. Since the introduction of practical field techniques it has been possible to investigate successfully the reaction of trees at various altitudes to recorded factors, and the extent to which they are adapted to the measured situations. Such ecophysio­ logical studies enable us to recognize the site requirements for individual tree species, and the reasons for the limits of their natural distribution.

Table of contents (9 chapters)

Table of contents (9 chapters)
  • General Features of the Upper Timberline

    Pages 1-4

    Tranquillini, Prof. Dr. Walter

  • Reasons for Occurrence of Timberlines and Their Experimental Investigation

    Pages 5-8

    Tranquillini, Prof. Dr. Walter

  • Some Milestones in the History of Ecophysiological Research Concerning Alpine Timberline

    Pages 9-9

    Tranquillini, Prof. Dr. Walter

  • Natural Regeneration of Tree Stands at Timberline

    Pages 11-17

    Tranquillini, Prof. Dr. Walter

  • Growth of Trees at Timberline

    Pages 19-38

    Tranquillini, Prof. Dr. Walter

Buy this book

eBook $109.00
price for USA in USD (gross)
  • ISBN 978-3-642-67107-4
  • Digitally watermarked, DRM-free
  • Included format: PDF
  • ebooks can be used on all reading devices
  • Immediate eBook download after purchase
Softcover $139.99
price for USA in USD
  • ISBN 978-3-642-67109-8
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
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Bibliographic Information

Bibliographic Information
Book Title
Physiological Ecology of the Alpine Timberline
Book Subtitle
Tree Existence at High Altitudes with Special Reference to the European Alps
Authors
Translated by
Benecke, U.
Series Title
Ecological Studies
Series Volume
31
Copyright
1979
Publisher
Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
Copyright Holder
Springer-Verlag Berlin · Heidelberg
eBook ISBN
978-3-642-67107-4
DOI
10.1007/978-3-642-67107-4
Softcover ISBN
978-3-642-67109-8
Series ISSN
0070-8356
Edition Number
1
Number of Pages
XII, 140
Topics