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Design of Flexible Production Systems

Methodologies and Tools

Editors: Tolio, Tullio (Ed.)

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  • Offers a new approach to design flexible manufacturing system architectures (Focused Flexibility Manufacturing Systems-FFMSs) endowed with the right level of flexibility required by the specific production problem
  • Production problems are analyzed by methods and tools giving manufacturing system solutions with flexibility degree tuned on the production problem itself
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eBook $109.00
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  • ISBN 978-3-540-85414-2
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Hardcover $179.99
price for USA in USD
  • ISBN 978-3-540-85413-5
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  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
Softcover $149.99
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  • ISBN 978-3-642-09908-3
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
About this book

Manufacturing Flexibility is usually seen as the main answer for surviving in present markets characterized by short lead times, tight product tolerances, pressure on costs, frequent changes of demand and continuous evolution of products. However, the competitiveness of a firm can be negatively affected by capital intensive investments in system flexibility. Indeed production contexts characterized by mid to high demand volume of well identified families of products in continuous evolution normally do not require the highest level of flexibility. Designing manufacturing systems that optimally satisfy the production requirements represents a very complex problem, since aspects ranging from manufacturing strategy to process planning, and from scenario analysis to performance evaluation must be considered over the system lifecycle. The book addresses these interdependencies proposing an integrated approach to flexible production system design. Since traditional system architectures are not always the most efficient solution to face new production contexts a new manufacturing system architecture named Focused Flexibility Manufacturing Systems – FFMSs is also introduced. Indeed the explicit design of flexibility can lead to hybrid systems, i.e. automated integrated systems consisting of general purpose and dedicated machines. This is a key issue of FFMSs which are designed to achieve an optimal balance between flexibility and productivity at system level.

About the authors

Tullio Tolio is Full Professor of "Manufacturing and Production Systems". He teaches "Manufacturing", "Integrated Production Systems" and "Reconfigurable Manufacturing Systems" at Politecnico di Milano, 2nd Faculty of Engineering (Faculty of System Engineering). He is the head of the course on "Management of Research" offered to all Ph.D. students of the Politecnico di Milano.

He has carried out research activities at the Laboratory for Manufacturing and Productivity (LMP) of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). He has been scientific responsible for the Politecnico di Milano of the Brite Euram project MOD-FLEX-PROD (EU - 4th framework Programme of the EU)and of the IST project DRIVE (EU - 5th framework Programme) funded by the European Community, and of the project SPI7 funded by MURST (former Italian Ministry of University and Research). He is national coordinator of the project "Methodologies and tools to design production systems with focused flexibility" funded by MIUR (Italian Ministry of University and Research), scientific responsible for the Politecnico di Milano of the project FIRB01 "Software frameworks and technologies for the development and maintenance of open-source distributed simulation code, oriented to the manufacturing field" and of the Network of Excellence VRLKCiP "Virtual Research Lab for a Knowledge Community in Production" (EU - 6th framework Programme). He has published more than 100 papers in international journals and international conferences. He is Fellow of the CIRP (the International Academy for Production Engineering) and member of AITEM (Associazione Italiana di Tecnologia Meccanica -Italian association for manufacturing. Regarding management activities, he is the Delegate of the Rector of Politecnico di Milano on "Quality assurance in education" and Head of the Division "Tecnologie Meccaniche e Produzione (Manufacturing)" of the Department of Mechanical Engineering of Politecnico di Milano; in the years 2000-2003 he was Head of the Ph.D. program in "Manufacturing and Production Systems" of Politecnico di Milano.

His research topics cover the areas of design and management of integrated production systems. The research activities encompass innovative and traditional system architectures in different sectors (machine tools production, production of mechanical components, services). The main research activities are summarized in the following points.

Configuration of Manufacturing systems

The design of manufacturing systems is a strategical activity for manufacturing firms due to the high investments involved in system acquisition and to the impact that the design decisions have on the future performance of the firm. In particular in this research area research has been carried out on the problem of selecting the proper systems architecture (transfer lines, flexible manufacturing systems, manufacturing cells, modular manufacturing systems) and machine architecture, on the problem of defining the right timing for production capacity acquisition, on the problem of system dimensioning and quality control system design. Research efforts have been also devoted to the problem of automatic generation of simulation models to be adopted within the configuration modules.

Short term management of Manufacturing systems

To fully exploit the system capacity and capability it is necessary to adopt system management tools. In this area studies have been carried out on the loading problem in Flexible Manufacturing Systems (FMSs) and on the scheduling of manufacturing systems.

Performance evaluation of Manufacturing systems

Both to design and to manage a system it is necessary to asses its performance. In this area, research activities have been concentrated on the development of new methodologies and tools to evaluate system performance with the aim on one hand of reducing the burden of modelling and running experiments typical of simulation techniques and on the other hand of eliminating the restrictive assumptions typical of analytical tools. In this area a new decomposition technique has been developed which can model systems composed of machines subject to different types of failures. Moreover new solutions have been proposed to model systems with loop configurations and flexible lines producing different products.

Process Planning

Part programs required to machine mechanical components on numerically controlled CNC machines are normally defined as a fixed sequence of operations and are generated without considering the actual load on the machines. This approach results in a reduced exploitation of system capacity. An alternative way of tackling the process planning problem is to generate non-linear process plans which include alternatives in the operation execution order and/or in the types of operations required. In this area research activities have been devoted to the automatic generation of non-linear process plans and on the use on non-linear process plans both in the short term production planning and in the selection of the resources during the system configuration phase.

Table of contents (10 chapters)

Table of contents (10 chapters)
  • Designing Manufacturing Flexibility in Dynamic Production Contexts

    Pages 1-18

    Terkaj, Walter (et al.)

  • Flexibility in Manufacturing – An Empirical Case-Study Research

    Pages 19-40

    Cantamessa, Marco (et al.)

  • A Review on Manufacturing Flexibility

    Pages 41-61

    Terkaj, Walter (et al.)

  • Product-Process-System Information Formalization

    Pages 63-86

    Colledani, Marcello (et al.)

  • Manufacturing Strategy: Production Problem Analysis for Assessing Focused Flexibility

    Pages 87-111

    Bruccoleri, Manfredi (et al.)

Buy this book

eBook $109.00
price for USA in USD (gross)
  • ISBN 978-3-540-85414-2
  • Digitally watermarked, DRM-free
  • Included format: PDF
  • ebooks can be used on all reading devices
  • Immediate eBook download after purchase
Hardcover $179.99
price for USA in USD
  • ISBN 978-3-540-85413-5
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
Softcover $149.99
price for USA in USD
  • ISBN 978-3-642-09908-3
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
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Bibliographic Information

Bibliographic Information
Book Title
Design of Flexible Production Systems
Book Subtitle
Methodologies and Tools
Editors
  • Tullio Tolio
Copyright
2009
Publisher
Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
Copyright Holder
Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
eBook ISBN
978-3-540-85414-2
DOI
10.1007/978-3-540-85414-2
Hardcover ISBN
978-3-540-85413-5
Softcover ISBN
978-3-642-09908-3
Edition Number
1
Number of Pages
XIV, 300
Topics