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Advances in Anatomy, Embryology and Cell Biology
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Structure of Enteric Neurons

Authors: Brehmer, Axel

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About this book

1 Introduction The plexuses of Auerbach and Meissner are peculiar to the gut; they extend from the beginning of the unstriated portion of the oesophagus to the end of the rectum. They have usually been considered to belong to the sympathetic system, but it appears to me preferable to place them in a class by themselves. We may speak of them as forming the enteric nervous system. (Langley 1900) In this context,itislessimportant that Langleyexcludedthe striated part of the oesophagus from his de?nition of the enteric nervous system (ENS). Much more remarkable seems to be that for Langley, a physiologist, structural reasons were the most decisive for taking the nervous system within the wall of the gastrointestinal tract as an entity unto itself. On the one hand, he argued that enteric nerve cells differ in their histological character from those in para- and prevertebral ganglia. On the other hand, there were few connections of enteric nerve plexuses with the central nervous system (CNS) through sympathetic or other autonomic nerves (which had already been described, however; Auerbach 1862). In his later, more famous monograph, he divided the autonomic nerves into three groups: sympathetic, parasympathetic and intestinal nerves (Langley 1921). This division seems to be all the more modern considering that, during the following decades, many authors and textbooks moved away from this division. The signi?cance of enteric neurons was reduced to that of postganglionic relay stations of vegetative nerves (Müller 1921; Lawrentjew 1929; Botár et al. 1942).

Table of contents (6 chapters)

Table of contents (6 chapters)
  • Introduction

    Pages 1-18

  • Material and Methods

    Pages 18-23

  • Chemical Coding of Stach’s Neuron Types in the Pig

    Pages 23-46

  • Morphological Neuron Types and Their Chemical Coding in the Human

    Pages 46-64

  • Discussion

    Pages 64-73

Buy this book

eBook $109.00
price for USA in USD (gross)
  • ISBN 978-3-540-32874-2
  • Digitally watermarked, DRM-free
  • Included format: PDF
  • ebooks can be used on all reading devices
  • Immediate eBook download after purchase
Softcover $149.99
price for USA in USD
  • ISBN 978-3-540-32871-1
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Immediate ebook access, if available*, with your print order
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
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Bibliographic Information

Bibliographic Information
Book Title
Structure of Enteric Neurons
Authors
Series Title
Advances in Anatomy, Embryology and Cell Biology
Series Volume
186
Copyright
2006
Publisher
Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
Copyright Holder
Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
eBook ISBN
978-3-540-32874-2
DOI
10.1007/3-540-32874-2
Softcover ISBN
978-3-540-32871-1
Series ISSN
0301-5556
Edition Number
1
Number of Pages
XI, 94
Number of Illustrations
22 b/w illustrations, 2 illustrations in colour
Topics

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