Advances in Anatomy, Embryology and Cell Biology Advs Anatomy Vol 51

Influences of Experimental Brain Edema on the Development of the Visual System

Authors: Raedler, A., Sievers, J.

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The experimental brain edema as a result of application of numerous different toxic agents has been the subject of a large number of publications (for synopses see Hirano, 1969; Long et al. , 1965). A concept that took the underlying causes of the lesions as the basis for classification of different types of brain edema was presented by Klatzo (1967). In this classification Klatzo differentiates between cytogenic and vasogenic causes of brain edema that are distinguishable from each other by the differing behaviour and reaction of the blood-brain-barrier. The vasogenic type of brain edema is found mostly in the vicinity of tumors, traumata and foci of infections, presumably because of an alteration of the conditions of permeability, as well as in brain edemas that are caused by changes in the hemodynamics of the central nervous system, and toxic substances that act directly on the wall of the blood vessel. The cytogenic type of brain edema in many experimental models is the result of, for instance, TET-intoxication, water intoxication, poisoning with other chemical substances and anoxia. Its direct cause according to Klatzo (1967) is to be seen in a disturbance of the intra­ cellular osmoregulation of the parenchymal cells. Although the composition of the edema fluid is dependent on the type of toxic substance used, the lack of plasma proteins in the edema fluid is characteristic for the brain edemas of this group.

Table of contents (5 chapters)

Table of contents (5 chapters)

Buy this book

eBook $84.99
price for USA in USD
  • ISBN 978-3-642-66092-4
  • Digitally watermarked, DRM-free
  • Included format: PDF, EPUB
  • ebooks can be used on all reading devices
  • Immediate eBook download after purchase
Softcover $109.00
price for USA in USD
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Bibliographic Information

Bibliographic Information
Book Title
Influences of Experimental Brain Edema on the Development of the Visual System
Authors
Series Title
Advances in Anatomy, Embryology and Cell Biology
Series Volume
51/2
Copyright
1975
Publisher
Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
Copyright Holder
Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
eBook ISBN
978-3-642-66092-4
DOI
10.1007/978-3-642-66092-4
Softcover ISBN
978-3-540-07205-8
Series ISSN
0301-5556
Edition Number
1
Number of Pages
60
Number of Illustrations
28 b/w illustrations
Topics