SpringerBriefs in Complexity

Agent-Based Modeling of Social Conflict

From Mechanisms to Complex Behavior

Authors: Lemos, Carlos M.

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  • ISBN 978-3-319-67050-8
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About this book

This Brief revisits and extends Epstein’s classical agent-based model of civil violence by considering important mechanisms suggested by social conflict theories. Among them are: relative deprivation as generator of hardship, generalized vanishing of the risk perception (‘massive fear loss’) when the uprisings surpass a certain threshold, endogenous legitimacy feedback, and network influence effects represented by the mechanism of dispositional contagion. The model is explored in a set of computer experiments designed to provide insight on how mechanisms lead to increased complexity of the solutions. The results of the simulations are compared with statistical analyses of estimated size, duration and recurrence of large demonstrations and riots for eight African countries affected by the “Arab Spring,” based on the Social Conflict Analysis Database.
It is shown that the extensions to Epstein’s model proposed herein lead to increased “generative capacity” of the agent-based model (i.e. a richer set of meaningful qualitative behaviors) as well the identification of key mechanisms and associated parameters with tipping points. The use of quantitative information (international indicators and statistical analyses of conflict events) allows the assessment of the plausibility of input parameter values and simulated results, and thus a better understanding of the model’s strengths and limitations.
The contributions of the present work for understanding how mechanisms of large scale conflict lead to complexbehavior include a new form of the estimated arrest probability, a simple representation of political vs economic deprivation with a parameter which controls the `sensitivity' to value, endogenous legitimacy feedback, and the effect of network influences (due to small groups and “activists”). In addition, the analysis of the Social Conflict Analysis Database provided a quantitative description of the impact of the “Arab Spring” in several countries focused on complexity issues such as peaceful vs violent, spontaneous vs organized, and patterns of size, duration and recurrence of conflict events in this recent and important large-scale conflict process. This book will appeal to students and researchers working in these computational social science subfields.

Table of contents (7 chapters)

Table of contents (7 chapters)
  • Introduction

    Lemos, Carlos M.

    Pages 1-6

  • Theoretical Foundations

    Lemos, Carlos M.

    Pages 7-16

  • Review of Agent-Based Models of Social Conflict and Civil Violence

    Lemos, Carlos M.

    Pages 17-27

  • Analysis of Conflict Datasets and Indicators: The Case of the “Arab Spring”

    Lemos, Carlos M.

    Pages 29-49

  • ABM of Civil Violence: ODD Description

    Lemos, Carlos M.

    Pages 51-63

Buy this book

eBook $54.99
price for USA in USD (gross)
  • ISBN 978-3-319-67050-8
  • Digitally watermarked, DRM-free
  • Included format: EPUB, PDF
  • ebooks can be used on all reading devices
  • Immediate eBook download after purchase
Softcover $69.99
price for USA in USD
  • ISBN 978-3-319-67049-2
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
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Bibliographic Information

Bibliographic Information
Book Title
Agent-Based Modeling of Social Conflict
Book Subtitle
From Mechanisms to Complex Behavior
Authors
Series Title
SpringerBriefs in Complexity
Copyright
2018
Publisher
Springer International Publishing
Copyright Holder
The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s)
eBook ISBN
978-3-319-67050-8
DOI
10.1007/978-3-319-67050-8
Softcover ISBN
978-3-319-67049-2
Series ISSN
2191-5326
Edition Number
1
Number of Pages
XVII, 120
Number of Illustrations
48 b/w illustrations, 27 illustrations in colour
Topics