Pi: The Next Generation
A Sourcebook on the Recent History of Pi and Its Computation
Authors: Bailey, David H., Borwein, Jonathan M.
Free Preview Presents amazing techniques for computing digits of pi as well as hightech techniques for analyzing pi
 Brief synopses precede each contribution containing a summary of its content and a short key word list indicating how the content relates to others in the collection
 Presents a modern collection of papers dealing with pi and associated topics in mathematics and computer science
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 About this book

This book contains a compendium of 25 papers published since the 1970s dealing with pi and associated topics of mathematics and computer science. The collection begins with a Foreword by Bruce Berndt. Each contribution is preceded by a brief summary of its content as well as a short key word list indicating how the content relates to others in the collection. The volume includes articles on actual computations of pi, articles on mathematical questions related to pi (e.g., “Is pi normal?”), articles presenting new and often amazing techniques for computing digits of pi (e.g., the “BBP” algorithm for pi, which permits one to compute an arbitrary binary digit of pi without needing to compute any of the digits that came before), papers presenting important fundamental mathematical results relating to pi, and papers presenting new, hightech techniques for analyzing pi (i.e., new graphical techniques that permit one to visually see if pi and other numbers are “normal”).
This volume is a companion to Pi: A Source Book whose third edition released in 2004. The present collection begins with 2 papers from 1976, published by Eugene Salamin and Richard Brent, which describe “quadratically convergent” algorithms for pi and other basic mathematical functions, derived from some mathematical work of Gauss. Bailey and Borwein hold that these two papers constitute the beginning of the modern era of computational mathematics. This time period (1970s) also corresponds with the introduction of highperformance computer systems (supercomputers), which since that time have increased relentlessly in power, by approximately a factor of 100,000,000, advancing roughly at the same rate as Moore’s Law of semiconductor technology. This book may be of interest to a wide range of mathematical readers; some articles cover more advanced research questions suitable for active researchers in the field, but several are highly accessible to undergraduate mathematics students.
 About the authors

David H. Bailey currently has two affiliations for his professional research work. Dr. Bailey is Senior Scientist, Computational Research Department, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory from which he officially retired in June 2013 but continues as an active researcher. Since February 2013, Bailey is also a Research Fellow, Department of Computer Science, University of California, Davis.
Jonathan M. Borwein is currently Laureate Professor in the School of Mathematical and Physical Sciences at the University of Newcastle (NSW) with adjunct appointments at Dalhousie and at Simon Fraser. He received his Doctorate from Oxford in 1974, and has published extensively in optimization, analysis, and computational mathematics, and has received various prizes both for research and for exposition. He directs the University of Newcastle’s Priority Research Centre in Computer Assisted Research Mathematics and its Applications (CARMA).  Reviews

“Pi: The Next Generation is compiled as a sourcebook on the recent history of π from 1975 on, and on computational issues. … Reading the papers in this book I found many aspects on the mathematics and history of π which I did not know before and I enjoyed reading it very much. As the older book on π this one will also soon become a standard reference tool for working mathematicians and historians of mathematics alike.” (Thomas Sonar, London Mathematical Society Newsletter, newsletter.lms.ac.uk, November, 2017)
“Each reprinted paper is accompanied by a brief introduction explaining its significance. The papers range from historical surveys to popular expositions to research articles. Although I knew most of the papers already, I still found it delightful to browse at random. It would make a good selection for a high school or college library.” (Jeffrey O. Shallit, Mathematical Reviews, May, 2017)
 Table of contents (25 chapters)


Computation of π using arithmeticgeometric mean (1976)
Pages 18

Fast multipleprecision evaluation of elementary functions (1976)
Pages 920

The arithmeticgeometric mean of Gauss (1984)
Pages 2178

The arithmeticgeometric mean and fast computation of elementary functions (1984)
Pages 7996

A simplified version of the fast algorithms of Brent and Salamin (1985)
Pages 97102

Table of contents (25 chapters)
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Bibliographic Information
 Bibliographic Information

 Book Title
 Pi: The Next Generation
 Book Subtitle
 A Sourcebook on the Recent History of Pi and Its Computation
 Authors

 David H. Bailey
 Jonathan M. Borwein
 Copyright
 2016
 Publisher
 Springer International Publishing
 Copyright Holder
 Springer International Publishing Switzerland
 eBook ISBN
 9783319323770
 DOI
 10.1007/9783319323770
 Hardcover ISBN
 9783319323756
 Softcover ISBN
 9783319812700
 Edition Number
 1
 Number of Pages
 XIV, 507
 Topics