SpringerBriefs in History of Science and Technology

Bodies and Media

On the Motion of Inanimate Objects in Aristotle’s Physics and On the Heavens

Authors: Yavetz, Ido

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  • Presents a genuinely novel interpretation and reconstruction of Aristotle’s theory of locomotion
  • Discusses in detail projectile motion, collisions and simple machines using Aristotle’s principles
  • Is the first to discuss the unifying central role that Aristotle ascribes to the medium through which bodies move
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  • ISBN 978-3-319-21263-0
  • Digitally watermarked, DRM-free
  • Included format: PDF, EPUB
  • ebooks can be used on all reading devices
Softcover  
  • ISBN 978-3-319-21262-3
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About this book

This book presents a recasting of Aristotle’s theory of spatial displacement of inanimate objects. Aristotle’s claim that projectiles are actively carried by the media through which they move (such as air or water) is well known and has drawn the attention of commentators from ancient to modern times. What is lacking, however, is a systematic investigation of the consequences of his suggestion that the medium always acts as the direct instrument of locomotion, be it natural or forced, while original movers (e.g. stone throwers, catapults, bowstrings) act indirectly by impressing moving force into the medium. Filling this gap and guided by discussions in Aristotle’s Physics and On the Heavens, the present volume shows that Aristotle’s active medium enables his theory - in which force is proportional to speed - to account for a large class of phenomena that Newtonian dynamics - in which force is proportional to acceleration - accounts for through the concept of inertia. By applying Aristotle’s medium dynamics to projectile flight and to collisions that involve reversal of motion, the book provides detailed examples of the efficacy and coherence that the active medium gives to Aristotle’s discussions. The book is directed primarily to historians of ancient, medieval, and early modern science, to philosophers of science and to students of Aristotle’s natural philosophy.

Table of contents (5 chapters)

Table of contents (5 chapters)
  • The Three Levels of Aristotle’s Theory of Material Bodies in Forced Motion

    Pages 1-14

    Yavetz, Ido

  • Heaviness, Lightness, Sinking and Floating

    Pages 15-28

    Yavetz, Ido

  • Some Refinements of the Basic Theory

    Pages 29-53

    Yavetz, Ido

  • The Dynamics of Balance: The Winch and the Lever in the Pseudo Aristotelian Mechanical Problems

    Pages 55-65

    Yavetz, Ido

  • Hipparchus on the Theory of Prolonged Motion

    Pages 67-70

    Yavetz, Ido

Buy this book

eBook  
  • ISBN 978-3-319-21263-0
  • Digitally watermarked, DRM-free
  • Included format: PDF, EPUB
  • ebooks can be used on all reading devices
Softcover  
  • ISBN 978-3-319-21262-3
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
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Bibliographic Information

Bibliographic Information
Book Title
Bodies and Media
Book Subtitle
On the Motion of Inanimate Objects in Aristotle’s Physics and On the Heavens
Authors
Series Title
SpringerBriefs in History of Science and Technology
Copyright
2015
Publisher
Springer International Publishing
Copyright Holder
The Author(s)
eBook ISBN
978-3-319-21263-0
DOI
10.1007/978-3-319-21263-0
Softcover ISBN
978-3-319-21262-3
Series ISSN
2211-4564
Edition Number
1
Number of Pages
XVII, 118
Number of Illustrations
20 b/w illustrations
Topics