Function and Class in Linguistic Description

The Taxonomic Foundations of Grammar

Authors: Perini, Mario A.

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  • Proposes basic principles whereby lexical items, and also larger constituents, can be classified
  • Shows how the relation between linguistic elements and cognitive representations includes grammatically defined semantic roles
  • Demonstrates a way to make use of the notion of "prototype" in the analysis of language, without having recourse to vague and poorly defined relations between items
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About this book

This book deals with the traditional problem of the classification of linguistic units, with a primary focus on word classes. The approach is descriptive rather than theoretical, and is based on the use of distinctive features analogous to the ones used in phonology, which entails a radical reworking of the traditional classification. The first part presents some basic notions such as the use of distinctive features and the role of word classes in grammar; classification by prototypes; and the use of world knowledge as a resource to assign thematic relations to constituents in the sentence. In the second part, some descriptive problems are examined, namely the classification of verbs according to valency; connectives, adverbs, and the internal constituents of the NP; and the classification of units larger than words. This book will be of use as a guide for linguists working on the description of natural languages, as well as a resource for students on courses in linguistic theory and description.

About the authors

Mário A. Perini is Professor Emeritus at the Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG), Belo Horizonte, Brazil. He is the author of Describing Verb Valency (2015) and Thematic Relations (2019).

Table of contents (15 chapters)

Table of contents (15 chapters)

Buy this book

eBook $109.00
price for USA in USD
  • ISBN 978-3-030-78173-6
  • Digitally watermarked, DRM-free
  • Included format: EPUB, PDF
  • ebooks can be used on all reading devices
  • Immediate eBook download after purchase
Hardcover $149.99
price for USA in USD
  • ISBN 978-3-030-78172-9
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Institutional customers should get in touch with their account manager
  • Shipping restrictions
  • Usually ready to be dispatched within 3 to 5 business days, if in stock
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Bibliographic Information

Bibliographic Information
Book Title
Function and Class in Linguistic Description
Book Subtitle
The Taxonomic Foundations of Grammar
Authors
Copyright
2021
Publisher
Palgrave Macmillan
Copyright Holder
The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature Switzerland AG
eBook ISBN
978-3-030-78173-6
DOI
10.1007/978-3-030-78173-6
Hardcover ISBN
978-3-030-78172-9
Edition Number
1
Number of Pages
XII, 338
Number of Illustrations
3 b/w illustrations
Topics