Neuroimaging of Covid-19. First Insights based on Clinical Cases

Editors: Gerevini, Simonetta (Ed.)

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  • Presents first insights on CNS localisation of Cov 19
  • Displays a unique collection of cases
  • Explores present knowledge of short-term effects of Cov 19 infection on the brain
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  • ISBN 978-3-030-67521-9
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  • Due: April 18, 2021
  • ISBN 978-3-030-67520-2
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About this book

This book presents the variability of the effects of Covid-19 on the nervous system (NS), with the purpose to update content and images based on improved scientific evidence.

Current available data show that involvement of the NS is frequent in patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection. The most common neurologic syndromes include cerebrovascular disorders, encephalopathies, inflammatory Central Nervous System (CNS) syndromes, peripheral neurologic disorders, psychiatric disorders. The pathophysiology of neurological manifestations is far from being understood. They can be coincidental, common complications of severe viral infection, or direct consequence of the viral infection either via indirect para-infective mechanisms or direct viral penetration of NS. Experimental animal models had previously demonstrated the neuroinvasive potential of SARS-CoV and the detection of viral particles in special structures such as the thalamus, nucleus ambiguous and nucleus of the solitary tract, suggesting that CNS invasion can contribute significantly to the severe outcome not only through direct damage to neurological structures, but also through a potential detrimental effect on cardiorespiratory responses. Up to now, the detection of SARS-CoV-2 RNA in the cerebrospinal fluid of COVID-19 patients has been reported occasionally and conclusive pathological demonstration of the virus in the CNS is lacking.

In this scenario, the role of neuroimaging is fundamental.

These considerations highlight the urgent need to better clarify the neurotropic potential of the SARS-CoV-2 virus, and to verify on human autoptic tissue the mechanisms demonstrated in the experimental animal model in order to develop potential strategies to prevent CNS invasion and to adapt treatment protocols based on neurological involvement. CT scan is useful to detect large hemorrhage and ischemic lesions, that have been reported in Covid-19 patients, but lacks identifying other possible neurological complications, such as microhemorrhage or encephalitis. MRI could overcome these limitations; in particular the use of specific sequences may reveal microvascular lesions that can occur during the disease course, according to the described pathogenesis.

This book will be an invaluable tool for neuroradiologists, radiologists, neurologists, and all physicians involved in the pandemic.



About the authors

Simonetta Gerevini became Doctor in Medicine and Surgery in 1994 and Specialist in Clinical Radiology with subspecialty in Neuroradiology in 1999. Since 1995 she has been working at the Neuroradiology Department of I.R.C.C.S. San Raffaele Hospital, Milan (Italy). In 2013 she obtained the European Diploma in Head and Neck Radiology and since 2017 she has the National Scientific Qualification as associate professor of (Neuro) Radiology in Italian Universities. During these years she focused her research interests between CNS infectious inflammatory and demyelinated diseases and neuromuscular diseases. Her main focus has been PML, Multiple Sclerosis (MS) and vasculitis using 1.5 and 3T MR equipment with standard and advanced techniques and  Neuromuscular imaging in peripheral nervous system (brachial and lumbar plexus, nerves) on 1.5 T and 3 T MR and inherited muscle diseases. From 2012 to 2019 she was director of the Advanced Neuro-oncologic Functional Unit in the Neuroradiology Department  of I.R.C.C.S. San Raffaele Hospital and in August 2019 she became Director of the Neuroradiology Department at the Hospital of Bergamo (Italy).

Table of contents (9 chapters)

Table of contents (9 chapters)

Buy this book

eBook $109.00
price for USA in USD
  • ISBN 978-3-030-67521-9
  • Digitally watermarked, DRM-free
  • Included format: PDF, EPUB
  • ebooks can be used on all reading devices
  • Immediate eBook download after purchase
Hardcover $139.99
price for USA in USD
  • Customers within the U.S. and Canada please contact Customer Service at +1-800-777-4643, Latin America please contact us at +1-212-460-1500 (24 hours a day, 7 days a week). Pre-ordered printed titles are excluded from promotions.
  • Due: April 18, 2021
  • ISBN 978-3-030-67520-2
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Institutional customers should get in touch with their account manager
  • Covid-19 shipping restrictions
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Bibliographic Information

Bibliographic Information
Book Title
Neuroimaging of Covid-19. First Insights based on Clinical Cases
Editors
  • Simonetta Gerevini
Copyright
2021
Publisher
Springer International Publishing
Copyright Holder
The Editor(s) (if applicable) and The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG
eBook ISBN
978-3-030-67521-9
DOI
10.1007/978-3-030-67521-9
Hardcover ISBN
978-3-030-67520-2
Edition Number
1
Number of Pages
VII, 93
Number of Illustrations
60 b/w illustrations, 8 illustrations in colour
Topics