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Springer Series in Pharmaceutical Statistics

Methods and Applications of Sample Size Calculation and Recalculation in Clinical Trials

Authors: Kieser, Meinhard

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  • Presents up-to-date methods for sample size calculation and recalculation in clinical trials
  • Offers recommendations for application of sample size calculation and recalculation in clinical trials, taking into account regulatory guidelines and practical requirements
  • Provides implementations of the methods in R software code
  • Covers basic as well as more advanced and recently developed methods   
  • Illustrates application of the methods using numerous real clinical trial examples
  • Includes a comprehensive bibliography
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  • ISBN 978-3-030-49528-2
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About this book

This book provides an extensive overview of the principles and methods of sample size calculation and recalculation in clinical trials. Appropriate calculation of the required sample size is crucial for the success of clinical trials. At the same time, a sample size that is too small or too large is problematic due to ethical, scientific, and economic reasons. Therefore, state-of-the art methods are required when planning clinical trials.

Part I describes a general framework for deriving sample size calculation procedures. This enables an understanding of the common principles underlying the numerous methods presented in the following chapters. Part II addresses the fixed sample size design, where the required sample size is determined in the planning stage and is not changed afterwards. It covers sample size calculation methods for superiority, non-inferiority, and equivalence trials, as well as comparisons between two and more than two groups. A wide range of further topics is discussed, including sample size calculation for multiple comparisons, safety assessment, and multi-regional trials. There is often some uncertainty about the assumptions to be made when calculating the sample size upfront. Part III presents methods that allow to modify the initially specified sample size based on new information that becomes available during the ongoing trial. Blinded sample size recalculation procedures for internal pilot study designs are considered, as well as methods for sample size reassessment in adaptive designs that use unblinded data from interim analyses. The application is illustrated using numerous clinical trial examples, and software code implementing the methods is provided.

The book offers theoretical background and practical advice for biostatisticians and clinicians from the pharmaceutical industry and academia who are involved in clinical trials. Covering basic as well as more advanced and recently developed methods, it is suitable for beginners, experienced applied statisticians, and practitioners. To gain maximum benefit, readers should be familiar with introductory statistics. The content of this book has been successfully used for courses on the topic.


About the authors

Prof. Dr. Meinhard Kieser is a Professor of Medical Biometry and Director of the Institute of Medical Biometry and Informatics at the University of Heidelberg. He studied Mathematics and received his PhD in Medical Biometry in 1992. He then worked for more than 15 years as a biostatistician and Head of Biometrics in the pharmaceutical industry. Professor Kieser has comprehensive experience in the planning and analysis of clinical trials and has been a member of numerous independent data monitoring committees. He serves as an associate editor for Pharmaceutical Statistics and the Journal of Biopharmaceutical Statistics. His main research areas are biostatistical methods for clinical trials, including sample size calculation and recalculation, and methods for evidence synthesis.

Table of contents (31 chapters)

Table of contents (31 chapters)
  • Introduction

    Pages 3-10

    Kieser, Meinhard

  • Statistical Test and Sample Size Calculation

    Pages 11-16

    Kieser, Meinhard

  • Comparison of Two Groups for Normally Distributed Outcomes and Test for Difference or Superiority

    Pages 19-36

    Kieser, Meinhard

  • Comparison of Two Groups for Continuous and Ordered Categorical Outcomes and Test for Difference or Superiority

    Pages 37-45

    Kieser, Meinhard

  • Comparison of Two Groups for Binary Outcomes and Test for Difference or Superiority

    Pages 47-63

    Kieser, Meinhard

Buy this book

eBook $84.99
price for USA in USD
  • ISBN 978-3-030-49528-2
  • Digitally watermarked, DRM-free
  • Included format: EPUB, PDF
  • ebooks can be used on all reading devices
  • Immediate eBook download after purchase
Hardcover $109.99
price for USA in USD
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Bibliographic Information

Bibliographic Information
Book Title
Methods and Applications of Sample Size Calculation and Recalculation in Clinical Trials
Authors
Series Title
Springer Series in Pharmaceutical Statistics
Copyright
2020
Publisher
Springer International Publishing
Copyright Holder
Springer Nature Switzerland AG
eBook ISBN
978-3-030-49528-2
DOI
10.1007/978-3-030-49528-2
Hardcover ISBN
978-3-030-49527-5
Series ISSN
2366-8695
Edition Number
1
Number of Pages
XIV, 396
Number of Illustrations
126 b/w illustrations
Topics