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Plant-Plant Allelopathic Interactions III

Partitioning and Seedling Effects of Phenolic Acids as Related to their Physicochemical and Conditional Properties

Authors: Blum, Udo

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  • -Describes the potential relationships, where they may exist, for direct transfer between plants, plant communication and allelopathic interactions.  Defines past and present terminology and the boundaries for plant-plant allelopathic interactions. Provides a general background for plant-plant allelopathic interactions
  • -Provides conceptual “black box” models for hydrophilic, hydrophobic and volatile allelopathic molecules.  Describes how these molecules may be partitioned in laboratory bioassay systems.
  • -Describes the actual and conditional physicochemical properties (e.g., pKa, Log P, log D, molecular structure, Kd and Koc) of phenolic acids such as cinnamic and benzoic acids and how these properties may be related to the partitioning of phenolic acids in solution and in soil systems and to their effects on nutrient and water uptake and growth of sensitive seedlings (in this case cucumber seedlings)
  • -Describes the physicochemical (e.g., soil particle sorption) and/or biological processes (e.g., microbial utilization and root uptake) that occur in seedling-solution-culture systems and in seedling-microbe-soil-sand systems
  • -Provides quantitative data for hypothetical models on how phenolic acids may be partitioned and may effect sensitive seedlings
  • -Answers the following questions:  Can the physicochemical properties of phenolic acids be used as tools to understand the complex behaviour and effects of phenolic acids?  What insights do laboratory bioassay provide about the potential behaviour and effects of phenolic acids in field systems?  What potential role may phenolic acids play in broadleaf-weed seedling emergence in wheat no-till cover crop systems? 
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eBook $89.00
price for USA in USD (gross)
  • ISBN 978-3-030-22098-3
  • Digitally watermarked, DRM-free
  • Included format: EPUB, PDF
  • ebooks can be used on all reading devices
  • Immediate eBook download after purchase
Hardcover $169.99
price for USA in USD
  • ISBN 978-3-030-22097-6
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
About this book

This volume continues the retrospective analyses of Volumes I and II, but goes beyond that in an attempt to understand how phenolic acids are partitioned in seedling-solution and seedling-microbe-soil-sand culture systems and how phenolic acid effects on seedlings may be related to the actual and/or conditional physicochemical properties (e.g., solubility, hydrophobicity, pKa, molecular structure and soil sorption/desorption) of simple phenolic acids.  Specifically, it explores the quantitative partitioning (i.e., source-sink relationships) of benzoic and cinnamic acids in cucumber seedling-solution and cucumber seedling-microbe-soil-sand systems and how that partitioning may influence phenolic acid effects on cucumber seedlings.  Regressions, correlations and conceptual and hypothetical models are used to achieve these objectives.  Cucumber seedlings are used as a surrogate for phenolic acid sensitive herbaceous dicotyledonous weed seedlings.  This volume was written specifically for researchers and their students interested in understanding how a range of simple phenolic acids and potentially other putative allelopathic compounds released from living plants and their litter and residues may modify soil chemistry, soil and rhizosphere microbial biology, seedling physiology and seedling growth.  In addition, this volume describes the potential relationships, where they may exist, for direct transfer of organic compounds between plants, plant communication and plant-plant allelopathic interactions and addresses the following questions: Can physicochemical properties of phenolic acids be used as tools to help understand the complex behavior of phenolic acids and the ultimate effects of phenolic acids on sensitive seedlings?  What insights do laboratory bioassays and the conceptual and hypothetical models of laboratory systems provide us concerning the potential behavior and effects of phenolic acids in field systems?  What potential role may phenolic acids play in broadleaf-weed seedling emergence in wheat debris cover crop no-till systems?


                    

About the authors

Professor Emeritus at NC State University, Prof. Udo Blum is interested in characterizing and identifying the mechanisms by which allelopathic compounds, specifically phenolic acids (e.g., ferulic acid, p-coumaric acid, vanillic acid, p-hydroxybenzoic acid), released into the soil environment may impact soil chemistry (e.g., soil nutrition, organic pools, sorption and desorption), soil microbiology (e.g., population biology, natural selection, carbon utilization), rhizosphere ecology (e.g., microbial population biology) and population biology (e.g., germination, seedling emergence) and physiology (e.g., mineral nutrition, carbon allocation, water relations, growth) of dicot weeds in no-till agroecosystems.

                         

Table of contents (12 chapters)

Table of contents (12 chapters)
  • Reflections Regarding Plant-Plant Interactions, Communications and Allelopathic Interactions with an Emphasis on Allelopathic Interactions

    Pages 1-26

    Blum, Udo

  • General Background for Plant-Plant Allelopathic Interactions

    Pages 27-48

    Blum, Udo

  • Conceptual Models for the Input and Partitioning of Organic Compounds in Seedling-Microbe-Soil Systems and Physicochemical Properties of Organic Compounds with an Emphasis on Phenolic Acids

    Pages 49-70

    Blum, Udo

  • Simple Phenolic Acids in Solution Culture I: pH and pKa

    Pages 71-113

    Blum, Udo

  • Simple Phenolic Acids in Solution Culture II: Log P, Log D and Molecular Structure

    Pages 115-153

    Blum, Udo

Buy this book

eBook $89.00
price for USA in USD (gross)
  • ISBN 978-3-030-22098-3
  • Digitally watermarked, DRM-free
  • Included format: EPUB, PDF
  • ebooks can be used on all reading devices
  • Immediate eBook download after purchase
Hardcover $169.99
price for USA in USD
  • ISBN 978-3-030-22097-6
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
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Bibliographic Information

Bibliographic Information
Book Title
Plant-Plant Allelopathic Interactions III
Book Subtitle
Partitioning and Seedling Effects of Phenolic Acids as Related to their Physicochemical and Conditional Properties
Authors
Copyright
2019
Publisher
Springer International Publishing
Copyright Holder
Springer Nature Switzerland AG
eBook ISBN
978-3-030-22098-3
DOI
10.1007/978-3-030-22098-3
Hardcover ISBN
978-3-030-22097-6
Edition Number
1
Number of Pages
XLIX, 503
Number of Illustrations
70 b/w illustrations
Topics