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Spinal Evolution

Morphology, Function, and Pathology of the Spine in Hominoid Evolution

Editors: Been, Ella, Gomez Olivencia, Asier, Kramer, Patricia (Eds.)

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  • Explores new research methodologies and new data, including recent fossil, morphological, biomechanical, and theoretical advances regarding vertebral column evolution
  • Details new and exciting finds, mostly from Europe and Africa, as well as new methods for reconstructing the spine
  • Provides a grounding in the evolutionary history of the human spine from which biomedical research may develop
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eBook $139.00
price for USA in USD (gross)
  • ISBN 978-3-030-19349-2
  • Digitally watermarked, DRM-free
  • Included format: EPUB, PDF
  • ebooks can be used on all reading devices
  • Immediate eBook download after purchase
Hardcover $179.99
price for USA in USD
  • ISBN 978-3-030-19348-5
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
About this book

The vertebral spine is a key element of the human anatomy. Its main role is to protect the spinal cord and the main blood vessels. The axial skeleton, with its muscles and joints, provides stability for the attachment of the head, tail and limbs and, at the same time, enables the mobility required for breathing and for locomotion. Despite its great importance, the vertebral spine is often over looked by researchers because: a) vertebrae are fragile in nature, which makes their fossilization a rare event; b) they are metameric (seriated and repeated elements) that make their anatomical determination and, thus, their subsequent study difficult; and c) the plethora of bones and joints involved in every movement or function of the axial skeleton makes the reconstruction of posture, breathing mechanics and locomotion extremely difficult. 

It is well established that the spine has changed dramatically during human evolution. Spinal curvatures, spinal load transmission, and thoracic shape of bipedal humans are derived among hominoids. Yet, there are many debates as to how and when these changes occurred and to their phylogenetic, functional, and pathological implications. 

In recent years, renewed interest arose in the axial skeleton. New and exciting finds, mostly from Europe and Africa, as well as new methods for reconstructing the spine, have been introduced to the research community. New methodologies such as Finite Element Analysis, trabecular bone analysis, Geometric Morphometric analysis, and gait analysis have been applied to the spines of primates and humans. These provide a new and refreshing look into the evolution of the spine. Advanced biomechanical research regarding posture, range of motion, stability, and attenuation of the human spine has interesting evolutionary implications. Until now, no book that summarizes the updated research and knowledge regarding spinal evolution in hominoids has been available. The present book explores both these new methodologies and new data, including recent fossil, morphological, biomechanical, and theoretical advances regarding vertebral column evolution. In order to cover all of that data, we divide the book into four parts: 1) the spine of hominoids; 2) the vertebral spine of extinct hominins; 3) ontogeny, biomechanics and pathology of the human spine; and 4) new methodologies of spinal research. These parts complement each other and provide a wide and comprehensive examination of spinal evolution.


About the authors

​Ella Been, PT, PhD.

Department of Sports Therapy, Faculty of Health Professions, Ono Academic College, Kiryat Ono 55107, Israel

Department of Anatomy and Anthropology, Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 69978, Israel

E mail: beenella1@gmail.com. Phone: 972-52-3353890


Asier Gomez Olivencia, PhD.

Dept. Estratigrafía y Paleontología, Facultad de Ciencia y Tecnología, Universidad del País Vasco/Euskal Herriko Unibertsitatea (UPV/EHU). Barrio Sarriena s/n, 48940 Leioa, Spain

IKERBASQUE. Basque Foundation for Science.

Centro UCM-ISCIII de Investigación sobre Evolución y Comportamiento Humanos, Avda. Monforte de Lemos 5 (Pabellón 14), 28029 Madrid, Spain.

E mail: asiergo@gmail.com. Phone: +34 627337043 (cell phone) / +34 946012053 (office)

Patricia Kramer, PhD

Departments of Anthropology and Orthopaedics & Sports Medicine, University of Washington, Box 353100, Seattle, WA, USA 98195-3100

E mail: pakramer@uw.edu. Phone: 1-206-616-2449 (lab)/ 1-206-650-6407 (cell)

Table of contents (17 chapters)

Table of contents (17 chapters)
  • The Study of the Human Spine and Its Evolution: State of the Art and Future Perspectives

    Pages 1-14

    Been, Ella (et al.)

  • The Hominoid Cranial Base in Relation to Posture and Locomotion

    Pages 15-34

    Russo, Gabrielle A. (et al.)

  • Vertebral Morphology in Relation to Head Posture and Locomotion I: The Cervical Spine

    Pages 35-50

    Nalley, Thierra K. (et al.)

  • Vertebral Morphology in Hominoids II: The Lumbar Spine

    Pages 51-72

    Shapiro, Liza J. (et al.)

  • Miocene Ape Spinal Morphology: The Evolution of Orthogrady

    Pages 73-96

    Nakatsukasa, Masato

Buy this book

eBook $139.00
price for USA in USD (gross)
  • ISBN 978-3-030-19349-2
  • Digitally watermarked, DRM-free
  • Included format: EPUB, PDF
  • ebooks can be used on all reading devices
  • Immediate eBook download after purchase
Hardcover $179.99
price for USA in USD
  • ISBN 978-3-030-19348-5
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
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Bibliographic Information

Bibliographic Information
Book Title
Spinal Evolution
Book Subtitle
Morphology, Function, and Pathology of the Spine in Hominoid Evolution
Editors
  • Ella Been
  • Asier Gomez Olivencia
  • Patricia Kramer
Copyright
2019
Publisher
Springer International Publishing
Copyright Holder
Springer Nature Switzerland AG
eBook ISBN
978-3-030-19349-2
DOI
10.1007/978-3-030-19349-2
Hardcover ISBN
978-3-030-19348-5
Edition Number
1
Number of Pages
X, 407
Number of Illustrations
24 b/w illustrations, 62 illustrations in colour
Topics