Basic Life Sciences

Genetic Engineering of Symbiotic Nitrogen Fixation and Conservation of Fixed Nitrogen

Editors: Lyons, J. M. (Ed.)

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About this book

The present volume developed from a symposium entitled "Enhancing Biological Production of Ammonia From Atmospheric Nitrogen and Soil Nitrate" that was held at Lake Tahoe, California in June, 1980. The meeting was supported by the National Science Foundation, Division of Engineering and Applied Sciences and by the College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, University of California, Davis. A total of 99 scientists from 41 insti­ tutions participated. Plants capture solar energy in photosynthesis and use mineral nutrients to produce human food and fiber products. The extent to which such materials are removed from agricultural production sites represents a permanent drain of mineral nutrients. Some plants of agronomic importance such as alfalfa, soybean, and clover associate with soil bacteria and use photosynthetic energy to reduce N2 to NH3. Many other free-living bacteria and some symbioses involving procaryotes and eucaryotes also reduce N2. Such processes repre­ sent one natural mechanism by which Man can augment soil N for agronomic purposes without using fossil fuel to synthesize and distribute N fertilizer. Other metabolic conversions in the N cycle and physical leaching processes remove N made available through N2 fixation. Thus nitrification, denitrification, and utilization of soil N by plants are processes that must be con­ sidered if one is to conserve N captured by N2 fixation. The meeting at Lake Tahoe united scientists from many disci­ plines to review the literature and to discuss current research directed toward the goal stated in the symposium title.

Table of contents (44 chapters)

Table of contents (44 chapters)
  • Prefatory Chapter — Enhancing Biological Production of Ammonia from Atmospheric Nitrogen and Soil Nitrate

    Hollaender, Alexander

    Pages 2-5

  • Support of Problem Focused Nitrogen Fixation Research at the National Science Foundation

    Huang, H. T.

    Pages 7-10

  • Biological Nitrogen Fixation Research at the University of California, Davis

    Hess, C. E.

    Pages 11-11

  • Molecular Cloning of Nitrogen Fixation Genes from Rhizobium Meliloti

    Ausubel, Frederick M. (et al.)

    Pages 15-30

  • Cloning DNA from Rhizobium Meliloti Using a New Broad Host Range, Binary Vehicle System

    Ditta, G. (et al.)

    Pages 31-40

Buy this book

eBook $119.00
price for USA in USD (gross)
  • ISBN 978-1-4684-3953-3
  • Digitally watermarked, DRM-free
  • Included format: PDF
  • ebooks can be used on all reading devices
  • Immediate eBook download after purchase
Softcover $159.99
price for USA in USD
  • ISBN 978-1-4684-3955-7
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
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Bibliographic Information

Bibliographic Information
Book Title
Genetic Engineering of Symbiotic Nitrogen Fixation and Conservation of Fixed Nitrogen
Editors
  • J. M. Lyons
Series Title
Basic Life Sciences
Series Volume
17
Copyright
1981
Publisher
Springer US
Copyright Holder
Plenum Press, New York
eBook ISBN
978-1-4684-3953-3
DOI
10.1007/978-1-4684-3953-3
Softcover ISBN
978-1-4684-3955-7
Edition Number
1
Number of Pages
XIV, 698
Topics