Electro-Optics and Dielectrics of Macromolecules and Colloids

Editors: Jennings, Barry R. (Ed.)

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About this book

Some seven years before Kerr's death, Larmor proposed that electric birefringence had its origin in the orientation of anisotropic molecules or elements within the apparently isotropic medium. The theory for this concept was formulated by Langevin. During the next half century, occasional measurements were made both to characterise the phenomenon and to evaluate the relevant physico-chemical parameters of pure liquids and molecular fluids. During the 1930-40 era, Staudinger and others demonstrated the existence in nature of giant molecules and colloidal particles. Since that time it has slowly but increasingly been realised that these big molecules or particles often have relatively large dipole moments, are generally anisotropic in structure and hence, in solution or suspension, give rise to significant electric birefringence signals. Furthermore, there have been three electronic innovations which have greatly eased the experimental measurement of the effect for such materials. These were the development of photomultiplier tubes for detection, of oscillo­ scope~ for display and of high voltage generators developing bursts or pulses of potential difference. The last mentioned enable the experi­ menter to study the Kerr effect not only for its amplitude but also in the time domain. The rates of molecular response to the switching of the electric field lead directly to information on the size and geo­ metry of the constituent molecules and particles in a dilute solution or suspension.

Table of contents (42 chapters)

  • Specific Kerr Constants of Rigid, Ellipsoidal Macromolecules in Conducting Solution at Very Low Ionic Strength

    Krause, Sonja (et al.)

    Pages 3-11

  • Transient Electric Birefringence of Macromolecular Solutions at Reversing Fields of Arbitrary Strength and Duration

    Koopmans, G. (et al.)

    Pages 13-19

  • The Limit of the Numerical Method of Inverting the Laplace Transformation and the Uniqueness of Relaxation Distribution Function Obtained by the Method

    Matsumoto, Mitsuhiro (et al.)

    Pages 21-27

  • Low Angle Approximations to the Theory of Alternating Electric Field Light Scattering

    Herbert, Thomas J.

    Pages 29-35

  • A Theory of Dynamic Light-Scattering by Flexible Macromolecules in a Fluctuating Electric Field

    Griffin, W. G.

    Pages 37-41

Buy this book

eBook $84.99
price for USA in USD (gross)
  • ISBN 978-1-4684-3497-2
  • Digitally watermarked, DRM-free
  • Included format: PDF
  • ebooks can be used on all reading devices
  • Immediate eBook download after purchase
Softcover $109.99
price for USA in USD
  • ISBN 978-1-4684-3499-6
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
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Bibliographic Information

Bibliographic Information
Book Title
Electro-Optics and Dielectrics of Macromolecules and Colloids
Editors
  • Barry R. Jennings
Copyright
1979
Publisher
Springer US
Copyright Holder
Plenum Press, New York
eBook ISBN
978-1-4684-3497-2
DOI
10.1007/978-1-4684-3497-2
Softcover ISBN
978-1-4684-3499-6
Edition Number
1
Number of Pages
XVI, 408
Topics