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Subcellular Biochemistry

Mycoplasma Cell Membranes

Editors: Rottem, Shlomo, Kahane, Itzahak (Eds.)

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About this book

The mycoplasmas, a trivial name used to denote organisms included in the class Mollicutes, are a group of prokaryotic organisms comprising more than 120 species distinguished from ordinary bacteria by their small size and the total lack of cell walls. The absence of a cell wall in mycoplasmas is a characteristic of outstanding importance to which the mycoplasmas owe many of their pecu­ liarities, for example, their morphological instability, osmotic sensitivity, unique ion pumping systems, resistance to antibiotics that interfere with cell wall bio­ synthesis, and susceptibility to lysis by detergents and alcohols. The fact that the mycoplasma cells contain only one membrane type, the plasma membrane, constitutes one of their most useful properties for membrane studies; once the membrane is isolated, it is uncontaminated with other mem­ brane types. Another advantage in using mycoplasmas as models for membrane studies stems from the fact that their membrane lipid composition can be altered in a controlled manner. This characteristic results from the partial or total inabili­ ty of the mycoplasmas to synthesize long-chain fatty acids and cholesterol, making mycoplasmas dependent on the supply of fatty acids from the growth medium. The ability to introduce controlled alterations in the fatty acid composi­ tion and cholesterol content of mycoplasma membranes has been utilized in studying the molecular organization and physical properties of biological mem­ branes.

Table of contents (11 chapters)

Table of contents (11 chapters)
  • Mycoplasma Membranes as Models in Membrane Research

    Pages 1-28

    Razin, Shmuel

  • Mycoplasma Membrane Lipids Chemical Composition and Transbilayer Distribution

    Pages 29-52

    Bittman, Robert

  • Physical Studies of Lipid Organization and Dynamics in Mycoplasma Membranes

    Pages 53-108

    McElhaney, Ronald N.

  • Regulation and Physicochemical Properties of the Polar Lipids in Acholeplasma laidlawii

    Pages 109-166

    Rilfors, Leif (et al.)

  • The Role of Cholesterol in Mycoplasma Membranes

    Pages 167-188

    Dahl, Jean

Buy this book

eBook $84.99
price for USA in USD
  • ISBN 978-1-4615-2924-8
  • Digitally watermarked, DRM-free
  • Included format: PDF
  • ebooks can be used on all reading devices
  • Immediate eBook download after purchase
Softcover $109.99
price for USA in USD
  • ISBN 978-1-4613-6269-2
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Immediate ebook access, if available*, with your print order
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
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Bibliographic Information

Bibliographic Information
Book Title
Mycoplasma Cell Membranes
Editors
  • Shlomo Rottem
  • Itzahak Kahane
Series Title
Subcellular Biochemistry
Series Volume
20
Copyright
1993
Publisher
Springer US
Copyright Holder
Springer Science+Business Media New York
eBook ISBN
978-1-4615-2924-8
DOI
10.1007/978-1-4615-2924-8
Softcover ISBN
978-1-4613-6269-2
Series ISSN
0306-0225
Edition Number
1
Number of Pages
XVI, 314
Topics

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