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The Springer Series on Demographic Methods and Population Analysis

Causal Analysis in Population Studies

Concepts, Methods, Applications

Editors: Engelhardt, Henriette, Kohler, Hans-Peter, Fürnkranz-Prskawetz, Alexia (Eds.)

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  • Covers the estimation of causal relationships based on non-experimental data in population studies
  • Comprehensive discussion of available techniques
  • With contributions from the leading scholars in the field
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About this book

The central aim of many studies in population research and demography is to explain cause-effect relationships among variables or events. For decades, population scientists have concentrated their efforts on estimating the ‘causes of effects’ by applying standard cross-sectional and dynamic regression techniques, with regression coefficients routinely being understood as estimates of causal effects. The standard approach to infer the ‘effects of causes’  in natural sciences and in psychology is to conduct randomized experiments. In population studies, experimental designs are generally infeasible.

In population studies, most research is based on non-experimental designs (observational or survey designs) and rarely on quasi experiments or natural experiments. Using non-experimental designs to infer causal relationships—i.e. relationships that can ultimately inform policies or interventions—is a complex undertaking. Specifically, treatment effects can be inferred from non-experimental data with a counterfactual approach. In this counterfactual perspective, causal effects are defined as the difference between the potential outcome irrespective of whether or not an individual had received a certain treatment (or experienced a certain cause). The counterfactual approach to estimate effects of causes from quasi-experimental data or from observational studies was first proposed by Rubin in 1974 and further developed by James Heckman and others.

This book presents both theoretical contributions and empirical applications of the counterfactual approach to causal inference.

Reviews

From the reviews:

“This book contains a selection of nine of the contributions to a conference with the same title as the book, held in Vienna in December 2006. … The editors should be complimented for providing a clear focus on the econometric analysis of aspects of demographic behavior by issuing all these papers in a single volume. … Their appearance in a single volume will hopefully inspire more interest in economic demography among economists and more interest in econometric issues among demographers.”­­­ (Jan M. Hoem, European Journal of Population, Vol. 26, October, 2010)

Table of contents (10 chapters)

Table of contents (10 chapters)
  • Causal Analysis in Population Studies

    Pages 1-7

    Engelhardt, Henriette (et al.)

  • Issues in the Estimation of Causal Effects in Population Research, with an Application to the Effects of Teenage Childbearing

    Pages 9-29

    Moffitt, Robert A.

  • Sequential Potential Outcome Models to Analyze the Effects of Fertility on Labor Market Outcomes

    Pages 31-57

    Lechner, Michael

  • Structural Modelling, Exogeneity, and Causality

    Pages 59-82

    Mouchart, Michel (et al.)

  • Causation as a Generative Process. The Elaboration of an Idea for the Social Sciences and an Application to an Analysis of an Interdependent Dynamic Social System

    Pages 83-109

    Blossfeld, Hans-Peter

Buy this book

eBook $119.00
price for USA in USD (gross)
  • ISBN 978-1-4020-9967-0
  • Digitally watermarked, DRM-free
  • Included format: PDF
  • ebooks can be used on all reading devices
  • Immediate eBook download after purchase
Hardcover $159.99
price for USA in USD
  • ISBN 978-1-4020-9966-3
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
Softcover $159.99
price for USA in USD
  • ISBN 978-90-481-8232-9
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
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Bibliographic Information

Bibliographic Information
Book Title
Causal Analysis in Population Studies
Book Subtitle
Concepts, Methods, Applications
Editors
  • Henriette Engelhardt
  • Hans-Peter Kohler
  • Alexia Fürnkranz-Prskawetz
Series Title
The Springer Series on Demographic Methods and Population Analysis
Series Volume
23
Copyright
2009
Publisher
Springer Netherlands
Copyright Holder
Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
eBook ISBN
978-1-4020-9967-0
DOI
10.1007/978-1-4020-9967-0
Hardcover ISBN
978-1-4020-9966-3
Softcover ISBN
978-90-481-8232-9
Series ISSN
1389-6784
Edition Number
1
Number of Pages
VIII, 252
Topics