Advances in Global Change Research

Mountain Timberlines

Ecology, Patchiness, and Dynamics

Authors: Holtmeier, Friedrich-Karl

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  • Gives a complex view of the altitudinal timberlines showing the many interactions of physical factors (climate, soil, topography) and biological factors (animals, fungi, etc) shaping the timberline in relation to the varying local and regional conditions
  • Provides a broad base to better understand and differentiate timberline response to the changing climate
  • There is no other timberline book providing such an ample reference list (1500 titles)
  • There is no other timberline book with a comparable instructive illustration, in particular photos taken exclusively for documentation of timberline, mainly by the author
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About this book

Mountain Timberlines is published as part of the broad area of research on the changing global climate and its impact on the environment. The upper timberline is the most conspicuous vegetation limit in high-mountain areas of all continents and islands, except for the Antarctic. The dynamics of timberline establishment and maintenance is being affected by global warming in a number of ways. From a global view point, the present timberline is far from being caused only by the current climate, but instead reflects also history of climate, human impact and local site conditions. It is the objective of the book to highlight the physiognomic and ecological variety of mountain timberlines as well as their regionally and locally varying heterogeneity and temporal dynamics thus giving a complex view of the global timberline pattern.

After an introduction into the complexities of the subject, the history and present state of timberline research are outlined. Chapters on the tree species at timberline and on the relationship of timberline elevation to marcroclimate, climate character and the mass-elevation effect follow. The main chapter deals with the physiognomic and ecological differentiation of altitudinal timberlines, in particular with the timberline controlling physical and biological factors, their interactions and their influence on the spatial structures and temporal dynamics in the timberline ecotone. Also, the feedbacks of trees and tree stands on the timberline environment are considered. This is the base for understanding the response of timberlines to climatically driven changes, which are considered in the last chapters.

Reviews

From the reviews of the second edition: “This book is the result of a lifetime’s dedication to research on mountain and polar timberlines worldwide by the leading exponent. … The many sketches of tree forms are a jewel of the author as artist. … this work is a treasure and will remain the basic reference for decades. … Summing Up: Highly recommended. Upper-division undergraduate through professional collections.” (J. D. Ives, Choice, Vol. 47 (3), November, 2009) Aus den Rezensionen zur 2. Auflage: “... Im Hinblick auf den Klimawandel sind die anschließenden Kapitel zu Waldgrenzschwankungen und zum Forschungsbedarf von besonderem Interesse. ... Im wahrsten Sinne des Wortes erschöpfend ist das ... umfassende Literaturverzeichnis. lm Stichwortverzeichnis kann nach Arten, Orten und Sachbegriffen gesucht werden. Das Buch ist, durchgehend in Schwarz-Weiß, mit eindrucksvollen Fotos und Grafiken reich bebildert. ... Dennoch möchte man als pflanzengegeographisch Interessierter das Buch kaum missen: Wo sonst kann man sich rasch einen Überblick über die Literatur zu den weltweiten Waldgrenzen verschaffen?“ (J.Ewald, in: Berichte der Bayerischen Botanischen Gesellschaft, October/2009, Vol. 79, S. ff.)

Table of contents (6 chapters)

Table of contents (6 chapters)
  • Introduction

    Pages 1-4

  • History and Present State of Timberline Research

    Pages 5-10

  • Definitions, Terminology

    Pages 11-28

  • Physiognomic and Ecological Differentiation of Mountain Timberline

    Pages 29-292

  • Timberline Fluctuations

    Pages 293-333

Buy this book

eBook  
  • ISBN 978-1-4020-9705-8
  • Digitally watermarked, DRM-free
  • Included format: PDF
  • Immediate eBook download after purchase and usable on all devices
Hardcover  
Softcover  
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Bibliographic Information

Bibliographic Information
Book Title
Mountain Timberlines
Book Subtitle
Ecology, Patchiness, and Dynamics
Authors
Series Title
Advances in Global Change Research
Series Volume
36
Copyright
2009
Publisher
Springer Netherlands
Copyright Holder
Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
eBook ISBN
978-1-4020-9705-8
DOI
10.1007/978-1-4020-9705-8
Hardcover ISBN
978-1-4020-9704-1
Softcover ISBN
978-90-481-8189-6
Series ISSN
1574-0919
Edition Number
2
Number of Pages
X, 438
Additional Information
Originally published as volume 14 in the series: Advances in Global Change Research
Topics