Archimedes

Frontline and Factory

Comparative Perspectives on the Chemical Industry at War, 1914-1924

Editors: MacLeod, Roy, Johnson, Jeffrey A. (Eds.)

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About this book

The First World War is often called the ‘chemists’ war’. But few realise precisely how, or the extent to which modern chemistry became a significant factor in the struggle, and would be in turn deeply shaped by it. Gathering momentum at first, by 1916, success in applying scientific knowledge to ‘frontline and factory’ became a measure of a nation’s capacity to win an industrial war. In the end, the titanic contest was won in large part through the command of raw materials and industrial output. This book represents a first considered attempt to study the factors that conditioned industrial chemistry for war in1914-18. Taking a comparative perspective, it reflects on the experience of France, Germany, Austria, Russia, Britain, Italy and Russia, and points to significant similarities and differences. It looks at changing patterns in the organisation of industry, and at the emerging symbiosis between science, industry and the military, which contributed to the first ‘academic-military-industrial’ complex of the 20th century. At the same time, it reflects on the world’s first, and ultimately unsuccessful attempt to monitor ‘dual-use’ chemical technologies, and so restrict the proliferation of an important category of weapons of mass destruction.

Table of contents (13 chapters)

Table of contents (13 chapters)
  • Technological Mobilization and Munitions Production: Comparative Perspectives on Germany and Austria

    Pages 1-20

    Johnson, Jeffrey Allan

  • Mobilization and Industrial Policy: Chemicals and Pharmaceuticals In The French War Effort

    Pages 21-30

    Chauveau, Sophie

  • First World War Explosives Manufacture: The British Experience

    Pages 31-46

    Cocroft, Wayne D.

  • Transforming a Village into an Industrial Town: The Royal Prussian Powder Plant in Kirchmöser (Brandenburg)

    Pages 47-60

    Kinder, Sebastian

  • Wartime Chemistry in Italy: Industry, the Military, and the Professors

    Pages 61-74

    Pancaldi, Giuliano

Buy this book

eBook $149.00
price for USA in USD
  • ISBN 978-1-4020-5490-7
  • Digitally watermarked, DRM-free
  • Included format: PDF
  • Immediate eBook download after purchase and usable on all devices
  • Bulk discounts available
Hardcover $199.99
price for USA in USD
Softcover $199.99
price for USA in USD
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Bibliographic Information

Bibliographic Information
Book Title
Frontline and Factory
Book Subtitle
Comparative Perspectives on the Chemical Industry at War, 1914-1924
Editors
  • Roy MacLeod
  • Jeffrey A. Johnson
Series Title
Archimedes
Series Volume
16
Copyright
2006
Publisher
Springer Netherlands
Copyright Holder
Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
eBook ISBN
978-1-4020-5490-7
DOI
10.1007/1-4020-5490-4
Hardcover ISBN
978-1-4020-5489-1
Softcover ISBN
978-94-007-9096-4
Series ISSN
1385-0180
Edition Number
1
Number of Pages
XIX, 279
Topics