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Boston Studies in the Philosophy and History of Science

Observation and Experiment in the Natural and Social Sciences

Editors: Galavotti, Maria Carla (Ed.)

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About this book

According to a long tradition in philosophy of science, a clear cut distinction can be traced between a context of discovery and a context of justification. This tradition dates back to the birth of the discipline in connection with the Circles of Vienna and Berlin, in the twenties and thirties of last century. Convicted that only the context of justification is pertinent to philosophy of science, logical empiricists identified its goal with the “rational reconstruction” of scientific knowledge, taken as the clarification of the logical structure of science, through an analysis of its language and methods. Stressing justification as the proper field of application of philosophy of science, logical empiricists intended to leave discovery out of its remit. The context of discovery was then discarded from philosophy of science and left to sociology, psychology and history. The distinction between context of discovery and context of justification goes hand in hand with the tenet that the theoretical side of science can – and should – be kept separate from its observational and experimental components. Further, the final, abstract formulation of theories should be analysed apart from the process behind it, resulting from a tangle of context-dependent factors. This conviction is reflected by the distinction between theoretical and observational sentences underpinning the Hempelian view of theories as nets, whose knots represent theoretical terms, floating on the plane of observation, to which it is anchored by rules of interpretation.

Table of contents (24 chapters)

Table of contents (24 chapters)

Buy this book

eBook $169.00
price for USA in USD (gross)
  • ISBN 978-0-306-48123-9
  • Digitally watermarked, DRM-free
  • Included format: PDF
  • ebooks can be used on all reading devices
  • Immediate eBook download after purchase
Hardcover $219.99
price for USA in USD
  • ISBN 978-1-4020-1251-8
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
Softcover $219.99
price for USA in USD
  • ISBN 978-90-481-6278-9
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
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Bibliographic Information

Bibliographic Information
Book Title
Observation and Experiment in the Natural and Social Sciences
Editors
  • Maria Carla Galavotti
Series Title
Boston Studies in the Philosophy and History of Science
Series Volume
232
Copyright
2003
Publisher
Springer Netherlands
Copyright Holder
Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht
eBook ISBN
978-0-306-48123-9
DOI
10.1007/0-306-48123-5
Hardcover ISBN
978-1-4020-1251-8
Softcover ISBN
978-90-481-6278-9
Series ISSN
0068-0346
Edition Number
1
Number of Pages
X, 357
Number of Illustrations
8 b/w illustrations
Topics