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The Technological Specialization of Advanced Countries

A Report to the EEC on International Science and Technology Activities

Authors: Archibugi, D., Pianta, Mario

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About this book

Advanced countries have shown an increasing convergence in their economic performance and technological intensity, with a relative decline of the position of the United States and the emergence of the European and Japanese economies. The Technological Specialization of Advanced Countries moves beyond aggregate patterns and examines the sectoral structure of technological activities, the process of specialization, and the impact on national performance.
Indicators of technology and of scientific activity are examined together with other economic and R & D data, providing a wealth of empirical evidence on the activities, and areas of strength and weakness of individual countries. The amount of disaggregated data provided, and the assessment offered on the state of art in science and technology indicators, make The Technological Specialization of Advanced Countries an important reference work.
A description of the fields of national effort is provided and a special study is devoted to the fields of greater innovative dynamism where patenting has grown most rapidly. Over time, countries have concentrated their technological efforts in the fields of their greater strength, under the pressure of increasing international competition and the proprietary nature of know how. Conversely, in science there has generally been a decrease in the degree of specialization, with countries entering new fields of research, taking advantage of the open flow of scientific knowledge.
For science and technology policy, the findings of The Technological Specialization of Advanced Countries suggest that national efforts should be combined with the growing international integration. The aims of maintaining established areas of strength and of developing new specializations in emerging fields should be balanced, and a more selective policy at the sectoral level is suggested.

Table of contents (11 chapters)

Table of contents (11 chapters)
  • Introduction and Summary

    Pages 1-6

    Archibugi, Daniele (et al.)

  • Structural Change and International Strategies in Science and Technology

    Pages 7-17

    Archibugi, Daniele (et al.)

  • An Overview of Scientific and Technological Activities in the Advanced Countries

    Pages 18-42

    Archibugi, Daniele (et al.)

  • Sectoral Strengths and Weaknesses of Advanced Countries in Different Patent Institutions

    Pages 43-59

    Archibugi, Daniele (et al.)

  • Changes over Time and Impact of Patenting Activity: The Sectoral Distribution of Patent Counts and Patent Citations in the US

    Pages 60-78

    Archibugi, Daniele (et al.)

Buy this book

eBook $89.00
price for USA in USD (gross)
  • ISBN 978-94-015-7999-5
  • Digitally watermarked, DRM-free
  • Included format: PDF
  • ebooks can be used on all reading devices
  • Immediate eBook download after purchase
Hardcover $179.99
price for USA in USD
  • ISBN 978-0-7923-1750-0
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
Softcover $119.99
price for USA in USD
  • ISBN 978-94-015-8001-4
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
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Bibliographic Information

Bibliographic Information
Book Title
The Technological Specialization of Advanced Countries
Book Subtitle
A Report to the EEC on International Science and Technology Activities
Authors
Copyright
1992
Publisher
Springer Netherlands
Copyright Holder
Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht
eBook ISBN
978-94-015-7999-5
DOI
10.1007/978-94-015-7999-5
Hardcover ISBN
978-0-7923-1750-0
Softcover ISBN
978-94-015-8001-4
Edition Number
1
Number of Pages
XVI, 164
Number of Illustrations
20 b/w illustrations
Topics