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Land Surface — Atmosphere Interactions for Climate Modeling

Observations, Models and Analysis

Editors: Wood, E.F. (Ed.)

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About this book

It is well known that the interactions between land surfaces and the atmosphere, and the resulting exchanges in water and energy have a tremendous affect on climate. The inadequate representation of land-atmosphere interactions is a major weakness in current climate models, and is providing the motivation for the HAPEX and ISLSCP experiments as well as the proposed Global Energy and Water Experiment (GEWEX) and the Earth Observing System (EOS) mission. The inadequate representation reflects the recognition that the well-known phys­ ical relationships, which are well described at small scales, result in different relationships when represented at the scales used in climate models. Understanding this transition in the mathematical relationships with increased space-time scales appears to be very difficult, and has led to different approaches; at one extreme, the famous "bucket" model where the land-surface is a simple one layer storage without vegetation; the other extreme may be Seller's Simple Biosphere Model (Sib) where one big leaf covers the climate model grid. Given the heterogeneous nature of landforms, soils and vegetation within a climate model grid, the development of new land surface parameterizations, and their verification through large scale experiments is perceived to be a challenging area of research for the hydrology and meteorology communities. This book evolved from a workshop held at Princeton University to explore the status of land surface parameterizations within climate models, and how observa­ tional data can be used to assess these parameterizations and improve models.

Reviews

` This collection of articles should be required reading for anyone interested in modeling land-surface processes and relating them to the large-scale atmospheric circulation. '
Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 73:3 (1992)

Table of contents (13 chapters)

Table of contents (13 chapters)
  • Insight from Large-Scale Observational Studies of Land/Atmosphere Interactions

    Pages 3-30

    Shuttleworth, W. James

  • Some Aspects of the HAPEX-MOBILHY Programme: The Data Base and the Modelling Strategy

    Pages 31-61

    Noilhan, J. (et al.)

  • Passive Microwave Remote Sensing Contribution to Hydrological Variables

    Pages 63-84

    Choudhury, Bhaskar J.

  • Modeling and Observing Land-Surface-Atmosphere Interactions on Large Scales

    Pages 85-114

    Sellers, Piers

  • Land Surface Hydrology in a General Circulation Model N-Global and Regional Fields Needed for Validation

    Pages 115-126

    Dickinson, Robert E. (et al.)

Buy this book

eBook $169.00
price for USA in USD (gross)
  • ISBN 978-94-009-2155-9
  • Digitally watermarked, DRM-free
  • Included format: PDF, EPUB
  • ebooks can be used on all reading devices
  • Immediate eBook download after purchase
Hardcover $279.99
price for USA in USD
  • ISBN 978-0-7923-1004-4
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
Softcover $219.99
price for USA in USD
  • ISBN 978-94-010-7470-4
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
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Bibliographic Information

Bibliographic Information
Book Title
Land Surface — Atmosphere Interactions for Climate Modeling
Book Subtitle
Observations, Models and Analysis
Editors
  • E.F. Wood
Copyright
1991
Publisher
Springer Netherlands
Copyright Holder
Kluwer Academic Publishers
eBook ISBN
978-94-009-2155-9
DOI
10.1007/978-94-009-2155-9
Hardcover ISBN
978-0-7923-1004-4
Softcover ISBN
978-94-010-7470-4
Edition Number
1
Number of Pages
VIII, 314
Topics