Sociology of the Sciences Yearbook

Selforganization

Portrait of a Scientific Revolution

Editors: Krohn, W., Küppers, Gunter, Nowotny, H. (Eds.)

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About this book

may be complex without being able to be replaced by something »still more simple«. This became evident with the help of computer models of deterministic-recursive systems in which simple mathematical equation systems provide an extremely complex behavior. (2) Irregularity of nature is not treated as an anomaly but becomes the focus of research and thus is declared to be normal. One looks for regularity within irregularity. Non-equilibrium processes are recognized as the source of order and the search for equilibrium is replaced by the search for the dynamics of processes. (3) The classical system-environment model, according to which the adaptation of a system to its environment is controlled externally and according to which the adaptation of the system occurs in the course of a learning process, is replaced by a model of systemic closure. This closure is operational in so far as the effects produced by the system are the causes for the maintenance of systemic organization. If there is sufficient complexity, the systems perform internal self-observation and exert self-control (»Cognition« as understood by Maturana as self-perception and self-limitation, e. g. , that of a cell vis-a. -vis its environment). 22 But any information a system provides on its environment is a system-internal construct. The »reference to the other« is merely a special case of »self-reference«. The social sciences frequently have suffered from the careless way in which scientific ideas and models have been transferred.

Table of contents (16 chapters)

Table of contents (16 chapters)
  • Selforganization — the Convergence of Ideas An Introduction

    Pages 1-10

    Krohn, Wolfgang (et al.)

  • Science and Daily Life: The Ontology of Scientific Explanations

    Pages 12-35

    Maturana, Humberto R.

  • Self-Organization, Emergent Properties and the Unity of the World

    Pages 36-50

    Roth, Gerhard (et al.)

  • On a Fundamental Paradigm Shift in the Natural Sciences

    Pages 51-63

    Küppers, Bernd-Olaf

  • The Cognitive Program of Constructivism and a Reality that Remains Unknown

    Pages 64-85

    Luhmann, Niklas

Buy this book

eBook $169.00
price for USA in USD
  • ISBN 978-94-017-2975-8
  • Digitally watermarked, DRM-free
  • Included format: PDF, EPUB
  • Immediate eBook download after purchase and usable on all devices
  • Bulk discounts available
Hardcover $219.99
price for USA in USD
Softcover $219.99
price for USA in USD
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Bibliographic Information

Bibliographic Information
Book Title
Selforganization
Book Subtitle
Portrait of a Scientific Revolution
Editors
  • W. Krohn
  • Gunter Küppers
  • H. Nowotny
Series Title
Sociology of the Sciences Yearbook
Series Volume
14
Copyright
1990
Publisher
Springer Netherlands
Copyright Holder
Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht
eBook ISBN
978-94-017-2975-8
DOI
10.1007/978-94-017-2975-8
Hardcover ISBN
978-0-7923-0830-0
Softcover ISBN
978-90-481-4073-2
Series ISSN
0167-2320
Edition Number
1
Number of Pages
VI, 272
Topics