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Boston Studies in the Philosophy and History of Science

Statistics in Science

The Foundations of Statistical Methods in Biology, Physics and Economics

Editors: Cooke, R., Costantini, D. (Eds.)

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About this book

An inference may be defined as a passage of thought according to some method. In the theory of knowledge it is customary to distinguish deductive and non-deductive inferences. Deductive inferences are truth preserving, that is, the truth of the premises is preserved in the con­ clusion. As a result, the conclusion of a deductive inference is already 'contained' in the premises, although we may not know this fact until the inference is performed. Standard examples of deductive inferences are taken from logic and mathematics. Non-deductive inferences need not preserve truth, that is, 'thought may pass' from true premises to false conclusions. Such inferences can be expansive, or, ampliative in the sense that the performances of such inferences actually increases our putative knowledge. Standard non-deductive inferences do not really exist, but one may think of elementary inductive inferences in which conclusions regarding the future are drawn from knowledge of the past. Since the body of scientific knowledge is increasing, it is obvious that the method of science must allow non-deductive as well as deductive inferences. Indeed, the explosive growth of science in recent times points to a prominent role for the former. Philosophers of science have long tried to isolate and study the non-deductive inferences in science. The inevitability of such inferences one the one hand, juxtaposed with the poverty of all efforts to identify them, constitutes one of the major cognitive embarrassments of our time.

Table of contents (10 chapters)

Table of contents (10 chapters)

Buy this book

eBook $59.99
price for USA in USD
  • ISBN 978-94-009-0619-8
  • Digitally watermarked, DRM-free
  • Included format: EPUB, PDF
  • ebooks can be used on all reading devices
  • Immediate eBook download after purchase
Hardcover $99.00
price for USA in USD
  • ISBN 978-0-7923-0797-6
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Immediate ebook access, if available*, with your print order
  • This title is currently reprinting. You can pre-order your copy now.
Softcover $79.99
price for USA in USD
  • ISBN 978-94-010-6765-2
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Immediate ebook access, if available*, with your print order
  • Usually dispatched within 3 to 5 business days.
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Bibliographic Information

Bibliographic Information
Book Title
Statistics in Science
Book Subtitle
The Foundations of Statistical Methods in Biology, Physics and Economics
Editors
  • R. Cooke
  • D. Costantini
Series Title
Boston Studies in the Philosophy and History of Science
Series Volume
122
Copyright
1990
Publisher
Springer Netherlands
Copyright Holder
Kluwer Academic Publishers
eBook ISBN
978-94-009-0619-8
DOI
10.1007/978-94-009-0619-8
Hardcover ISBN
978-0-7923-0797-6
Softcover ISBN
978-94-010-6765-2
Series ISSN
0068-0346
Edition Number
1
Number of Pages
200
Topics

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