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This book evolved from notes originally developed for a graduate course, "Best Approximation in Normed Linear Spaces," that I began giving at Penn State Uni versity more than 25 years ago. It soon became evident. that many of the students who wanted to take the course (including engineers, computer scientists, and statis ticians, as well as mathematicians) did not have the necessary prerequisites such as a working knowledge of Lpspaces and some basic functional analysis. (Today such material is typically contained in the firstyear graduate course in analysis. ) To accommodate these students, I usually ended up spending nearly half the course on these prerequisites, and the last half was devoted to the "best approximation" part. I did this a few times and determined that it was not satisfactory: Too much time was being spent on the presumed prerequisites. To be able to devote most of the course to "best approximation," I decided to concentrate on the simplest of the normed linear spacesthe inner product spacessince the theory in inner product spaces can be taught from first principles in much less time, and also since one can give a convincing argument that inner product spaces are the most important of all the normed linear spaces anyway. The success of this approach turned out to be even better than I had originally anticipated: One can develop a fairly complete theory of best approximation in inner product spaces from first principles, and such was my purpose in writing this book.
 Reviews

From the reviews:
MATHEMATICAL REVIEWS
"This monograph contains the first comprehensive presentation of best approximation in inner product spaces (e.g., Hilbert spaces)…The author has succeeded very well in presenting clearly this first systematic study of best approximation in inner product spaces. The book is a valuable source for teaching graduate courses on approximation theory and related topics. Students with some basic knowledge in advanced calculus and linear algebra will be able to understand the text, which is written very smoothly. Since best approximation problems appear in many different branches, this monograph of about 300 pages will be a useful tool for researchers in mathematics, statistics, engineering, computer science and other fields of applications."
F.R. Deutsch
Best Approximation in Inner Product Spaces
"The first comprehensive presentation of best approximation in inner product spaces."
— MATHEMATICAL REVIEWS
"Nice introduction to innerproduct spaces, with the particular application in mind. Discusses existence, uniqueness, characterization, and error of best approximations. Intended for graduate students, but mathematically sophisticated undergraduate could learn a lot from this book."— AMERICAN MATHEMATICAL MONTHLY
"This monograph contains the first comprehensive presentation of best approximation in inner product spaces … . Moreover, at the end of each chapter there is a section with numerous exercises and one with notes in which the results are considered in a historical perspective. The author has succeeded very well in presenting clearly his first systematic study of approximation in inner product spaces. The book is a valuable source for teaching graduate courses … ." (Günther Nürnberger, Mathematical Reviews, Issue 2002 c)
"Nice introduction to innerproduct spaces, with the particular application in mind. Discusses existence, uniqueness, characterization, and error of best approximations. Intended for graduate students, but mathematically sophisticated undergraduates could learn a lot from this book. Twelve chapters, with exercise sets and historical notes." (American Mathematical Monthly, AugustSeptember, 2002)
"The central concern of this book is the best approximation problem … . As an introduction to approximation theory, this book serves quite well. The background required is just basic analysis and linear algebra, a number of important topics are covered and the explanations are clear. Each chapter ends with a variety of exercises and detailed historical remarks. It has well been proofread … . I think this book is destined to serve a number of purposes." (David Yost, The Australian Mathematical Society Gazette, Vol. 29 (2), 2002)
"This is an interesting and intriguing book, and to that extent it is already a success. Its principal aim is pedagogical; it is ‘the book of the course’ which the author has offered at the Pennsylvania State University for a number of years … . Each chapter is liberally supplied with exercises, the book contains a wealth of material and is a pleasure to read." (A. L. Brown, Zentralblatt MATH, Vol. 980, 2002)
"The book is based on a graduate course on Best Approximation taught by the author for over twenty five years at the Pennsylvania State University. … Each chapter ends with a set of exercises and very interesting historical notes. Written by a wellknown specialist in best approximation theory, the book contains a good treatment of best approximation in inner product spaces and can be used as a textbook for graduate courses or for selfstudy." (Stefan Cobzas, Studia Universitatis BabesBolyai Mathematica, Vol. XLVII (2), 2002)
"This is a very nice book on approximation that can serve as a basis for course material, as well as for independent study. It is very nicely written, and … it takes the reader through many different fields and to considerable depth. … many pictures help the reader to comprehend the ideas and concepts. The book contains many examples and counterexamples … . I have found the problem section very interesting, and they are certainly very useful for students who are just learning the material." (Vilmos Totik, Acta Scientiarum Mathematicarum, Vol. 68, 2002)
 Table of contents (12 chapters)


Inner Product Spaces
Pages 119

Best Approximation
Pages 2132

Existence and Uniqueness of Best Approximations
Pages 3341

Characterization of Best Approximations
Pages 4370

The Metric Projection
Pages 7187

Table of contents (12 chapters)
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Bibliographic Information
 Bibliographic Information

 Book Title
 Best Approximation in Inner Product Spaces
 Authors

 Frank R. Deutsch
 Series Title
 CMS Books in Mathematics
 Copyright
 2001
 Publisher
 SpringerVerlag New York
 Copyright Holder
 SpringerVerlag New York
 eBook ISBN
 9781468492989
 DOI
 10.1007/9781468492989
 Hardcover ISBN
 9780387951560
 Softcover ISBN
 9781441928900
 Series ISSN
 16135237
 Edition Number
 1
 Number of Pages
 XVI, 338
 Topics