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Psychology - Cognitive Psychology | Journal of Cognitive Enhancement

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Journal of Cognitive Enhancement

Journal of Cognitive Enhancement

Editor-in-Chief: Lorenza Colzato

ISSN: 2509-3290 (print version)
ISSN: 2509-3304 (electronic version)

Journal no. 41465

Instructions for Authors

Types of Papers 

  • Research Article: Articles that report novel empirical findings or theoretical developments. They have a maximum word count of 10,000 and may include up to 10 Figures/Tables.
  • Brief Report: Articles that report original empirical findings, major theoretical advances or crucial developments that warrant rapid communication to the scientific community. They have a maximum word count of 3,000 and may include up to 5 Figures/Tables.
  • Mini Review: Articles that capture the state-of-the-art in a newly emerging or rapidly progressing research area, and provide an overview of the most relevant literature and the major theoretical implications. They have a maximum word count of 3,000 and may include up to 5 Figures/Tables.
  • Review: Articles that cover topics that have seen significant development or progress in recent years. They have a maximum word count of 15,000 and may include up to 15 Figures/Tables.
  • Hypothesis and Theory article: Articles that present a novel argument, interpretation or model intended to introduce a new testable hypothesis or theory or support already existing theories. They have a maximum word count of 10,000 and may include up to 10 Figures/Tables.
  • Opinion Article: Articles that contribute viewpoints on the interpretation of facts, value of methods used, weaknesses and strengths of any scientific theory or on any topic relevant to the field of research. They have a maximum word count of 2,000 and may include up to 3 Figures/Tables.
  • Support of the Null Hypothesis: Research Articles that do not reject the null hypothesis. These articles should be supported by appropriate statistical evidence (such as Bayesian inference) and by strong theoretical predictions. They have a maximum word count of 10,000 and may include up to 10 Figures/Tables.

Manuscript Submission  

Manuscript Submission

Submission of a manuscript implies: that the work described has not been published before; that it is not under consideration for publication anywhere else; that its publication has been approved by all co-authors, if any, as well as by the responsible authorities – tacitly or explicitly – at the institute where the work has been carried out. The publisher will not be held legally responsible should there be any claims for compensation.

Submitting a Registered Reports or Replications (RRR)

The initial submission of a RRR should include the following items:
i. A cover letter to the Editor explaining why the submission is appropriate as a Registered Report or Replication.
ii. The background section should describe the theory under investigation and the specific hypotheses that lead to the procedures proposed. This is not the place for methodological and/or theoretical innovations: Our standard Article and Short Report formats serve those roles. The RRR format is a mechanism for confirming or disconfirming prominent theories and findings in the field.
iii. The background section should briefly report the previous, related experiments, published or unpublished, conducted by the authors (in addition to the usual background of prior work).
iv. The proposed method section must specify all of the variables, both independent and dependent, in the experiment.
v. The proposed method section must address the issue of statistical power although we recognize that classic power analysis may not be appropriate for all designs.
vi. The proposed method section must specify a clear rule for terminating data collection (number of observers, number of trials, etc).
vii. The proposed method section must specify the data analysis procedures that will be used, including rules for data elimination.
viii. There must be a plan for making the raw data publically available.
ix. The cover letter must attest that the preceding points have been attended to and that the project has ethics approval and all other necessary approvals & that funding is in place to start the research immediately on approval.
The final submission should include the following items:
x. The cover letter must certify that the data for the registered experiment were collected after receiving approval from APP.
xi. The completed experiment(s) must have been executed and analyzed in the manner originally approved with any unforeseen changes in those approved methods and analyses clearly noted.
xii. The manuscript must describe and justify all post-hoc analyses.
While APP will commit to publishing the results, review of the final submission may lead to comments that need to be addressed in revision. APP’s commitment is to the results, not to the discussion section.
Once a RRR is approved, the authors have one year to submit the actual manuscript with the results. That deadline can be extended by negotiation with the Editor but, in general, the project requires new approval one year after its initial acceptance.
Registered reports are limited to 3000 words of main body text plus figures, although exceptions are possible if approved by the Editor; supplementary material is encouraged.


Authors wishing to include figures, tables, or text passages that have already been published elsewhere are required to obtain permission from the copyright owner(s) for both the print and online format and to include evidence that such permission has been granted when submitting their papers. Any material received without such evidence will be assumed to originate from the authors.

Online Submission

Please follow the hyperlink “Submit online” on the right and upload all of your manuscript files following the instructions given on the screen.

Research Data Policy 

A submission to the journal implies that materials described in the manuscript, including all relevant raw data, will be freely available to any researcher wishing to use them for non-commercial purposes, without breaching participant confidentiality.
The journal strongly encourages that all datasets on which the conclusions of the paper rely should be available to readers. We encourage authors to ensure that their datasets are either deposited in publicly available repositories (where available and appropriate) or presented in the main manuscript or additional supporting files whenever possible. Please see Springer Nature’s information on recommended repositories.
General repositories - for all types of research data - such as figshare and Dryad may be used where appropriate.
Datasets that are assigned digital object identifiers (DOIs) by a data repository may be cited in the reference list. Data citations should include the minimum information recommended by DataCite: authors, title, publisher (repository name), identifier.
Where a widely established research community expectation for data archiving in public repositories exists, submission to a community-endorsed, public repository is mandatory. Persistent identifiers (such as DOIs and accession numbers) for relevant datasets must be provided in the paper
For the following types of data set, submission to a community-endorsed, public repository is mandatory:
Mandatory depositionSuitable repositories
Protein sequencesUniprot
DNA and RNA sequencesGenbank
DNA DataBank of Japan (DDBJ)
EMBL Nucleotide Sequence Database (ENA)
DNA and RNA sequencing dataNCBI Trace Archive
NCBI Sequence Read Archive (SRA)
Genetic polymorphismsdbSNP
European Variation Archive (EVA)
Linked genotype and phenotype datadbGAP
The European Genome-phenome Archive (EGA)
Macromolecular structureWorldwide Protein Data Bank (wwPDB)
Biological Magnetic Resonance Data Bank (BMRB)
Electron Microscopy Data Bank (EMDB)
Microarray data (must be MIAME compliant)Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO)
Crystallographic data for small moleculesCambridge Structural Database

Data availability

The journal encourages authors to provide a statement of Data availability in their article. Data availability statements should include information on where data supporting the results reported in the article can be found, including, where applicable, hyperlinks to publicly archived datasets analysed or generated during the study. Data availability statements can also indicate whether data are available on request from the authors and where no data are available, if appropriate.
Data Availability statements can take one of the following forms (or a combination of more than one if required for multiple datasets):
  • 1. The datasets generated during and/or analysed during the current study are available in the [NAME] repository, [PERSISTENT WEB LINK TO DATASETS]
  • 2. The datasets generated during and/or analysed during the current study are not publicly available due [REASON WHY DATA ARE NOT PUBLIC] but are available from the corresponding author on reasonable request.
  • 3. The datasets generated during and/or analysed during the current study are available from the corresponding author on reasonable request.
  • 4. Data sharing not applicable to this article as no datasets were generated or analysed during the current study.
  • 5. All data generated or analysed during this study are included in this published article [and its supplementary information files].
More examples of template data availability statements, which include examples of openly available and restricted access datasets, are available:
This service provides advice on research data policy compliance and on finding research data repositories. It is independent of journal, book and conference proceedings editorial offices and does not advise on specific manuscripts.

Read this Journal on Springerlink

For authors and editors

  • Aims and Scope

    Aims and Scope


    The Journal of Cognitive Enhancement publishes articles that contribute to a basic understanding of any means (e.g., meditation, video game, smart drugs, food supplements, nutrition, brain stimulation, neurofeedback, physical exercise, music, or cognitive training) aimed at enhancing human perception, attention, memory, cognitive control, and action in healthy individuals. Research on cognitive enhancement has becoming a hot topic given that the recent economic problems of the welfare system, in both the Eastern and Western societies, have boosted the interest in “enhancing” procedures and activities that will make welfare societally more affordable. Moreover, the ideological turn towards individualism in many societies provides  a natural breeding ground for the public interest in procedures and activities that help to express and to further develop individual needs and interests.


    The scope of the journal contributes to a basic understanding of enhancing human performance and creative potential. Interdisciplinary approaches are particularly encouraged and welcome.

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  • Instructions for Authors

    Instructions for Authors


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