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Medicine - Surgery | Journal of Artificial Organs

Journal of Artificial Organs

Journal of Artificial Organs

The Official Journal of the Japanese Society for Artificial Organs

Editor-in-Chief: Yoshiki Sawa

ISSN: 1434-7229 (print version)
ISSN: 1619-0904 (electronic version)

Journal no. 10047

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More information: >> FAQs // >> Policy

9 February 2017

Instructions for Authors

(Revised: February 9, 2017)

Editorial Policies 

The "Journal of Artificial Organs" publishes original articles, review papers, minireviews, brief communications, case reports, technical forum, letters to the Editor, editorials, and selected conference papers. All papers will be evaluated by at least two independent referees. Manuscripts are evaluated in terms of their originality, statistical reliability of all data, and applicability to the aim of the journal as a whole. In selecting papers for publication, the editors give preference to those submissions that are concise and comprehensible.

Legal Requirements 

Submission of a manuscript implies: that the work described has not been published before; that it is not under consideration for publication anywhere else; that its publication has been approved by all co-authors, if any, as well as by the responsible authorities – tacitly or explicitly – at the institute where the work has been carried out. The publisher will not be held legally responsible should there be any claims for compensation.


Authors wishing to include figures, tables, or text passages that have already been published elsewhere are required to obtain permission from the copyright owner(s) for both the print and online format and to include evidence that such permission has been granted when submitting their papers. Any material received without such evidence will be assumed to originate from the authors.

Manuscript Submission via Editorial Manager 

Authors should submit their manuscripts to “Journal of Artificial Organs” online. Please log in directly at: https://www.editorialmanager.com/jao and upload your manuscript following the instructions given on the screen. Please use the Help option to see the most recently updated system requirements.

Conflict of Interest 

Authors must indicate whether or not they have a financial relationship with the organization that sponsored the research. This note should be added in a separate section before the reference list as “Conflict of interest”. If no conflict exists, authors should state: The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
In addition, the manuscript must be accompanied by the “Certification / Conflict of Interest Disclosure Form”. To download this form, please follow the hyperlink on the right.


  • Original articles: Presentations of important new research results and technical innovations in the area of artificial organs. The text of original articles should be divided into the following sections: introduction, materials and methods, results, discussion, and conclusion. The length of the manuscript should be limited to eight printed pages of approx. 800 words per print page including illustrations, tables, and references (1 Figure / Table equates to 400 words).
  • Review articles: Critical presentations of broad topics of potential interest to those active in the area of use and development of artificial organs.
  • Minireviews: Timely, concise, sharply focused reports on current topics or interests in the area of artificial organs. Manuscripts should not exceed three printed pages.
  • Brief communications: Brief presentation of new research findings and technical innovations. The text should be divided into introduction, materials and methods, results, discussion, and conclusion. The manuscript should not exceed four printed pages with no more than two figures (or tables).
  • Case reports: Careful, complete discussions of patients and clinical events which may serve to enlighten or advance the understanding of the development, testing, or clinical use of artificial organs. The size of the manuscript should be limited to four printed pages, with no more than five figures (or tables).
  • Technical Forum: A forum for presenting techniques and operations or groundbreaking studies in the area of artificial organs. Brief and informal presentation with no more than one figure and five references within three printed pages. No abstract is required.
  • Letters to the Editor: Concise, thoughtful responses to previous articles or editorials in the pages of the Journal of Artificial Organs.
  • Editorials: Comments by organizations or individuals on topics relevant to the readership, either by members of the Editorial Board or by invited contributors.
• Manuscripts should include the number of words and pages calculated using the above estimation.
• Manuscripts that exceed the maximum number of pages may be returned to the authors without peer-review.

Manuscript Preparation 

Save your file in doc format. Do not submit docx files.
The abstract, text, references, tables, and figure legends must be typed double-space with wide margins. Names of up to three preferred referees, if any, should be indicated. Incomplete or improperly prepared manuscripts will be returned to the authors without review. A separate title page should be provided. The abstract, text, acknowledgments, references, tables, legends, and figures should begin on separate sheets and follow in that order. Units of measurement, abbreviations, and symbols should follow the International System of Units (SI). Abbreviations should be defined at first appearance, and their use in the title and abstract should be avoided. Generic names of drugs and chemicals should be used.
When animals are used in the research reported, the authors must state: “Institutional guidelines for the care and use of laboratory animals have been observed.”
In studies involving human and/or animal subjects, the authors must include: “All subjects enrolled in this research have given their informed consent, which has been approved by my institutional committee on human and/or animal research, and this protocol has been found acceptable by them.” The registration number provided by the committee and above description should be included in the methods section as “Ethical approval”. If the study does not involve human and/or animal subjects, this should also be specified.
  • Title page: Titles should be brief, specific, and informative. Include the full names of all authors; Academic affiliation; Address to which proofs are to be sent; including a fax number, telephone number, and e-mail address; and 3-5 key words or phrases for indexing. The corresponding author should be available to be contacted throughout the entire review and production process. A second corresponding author should also be named in case there is any difficulty contacting the designated corresponding author. In addition, state the field of your research by choosing the most appropriate term from the following list: Artificial Heart (basic); Artificial Heart (clinical); Cardiopulmonary Bypass; Artificial Lung / ECMO; Blood Vessel Prosthesis; Pacemaker; Artificial Valve; Biomaterials; Tissue Engineering / Regenerative Medicine; Artificial Kidney / Dialysis; Apheresis; Artificial Liver, Pancreas; Artificial Skin, Muscle, Bone / Joint, Neuron; or Others.
  • Abstract: A concise description (not more than 250 words) of the purpose, methods, results, and conclusions is required.
  • Equations: Use the equation editor or MathType for equations.
    Note: If you use Word 2007, do not create the equations with the default equation editor but use the Microsoft equation editor or MathType instead.
  • Footnotes: Footnotes can be used to give additional information, which may include the citation of a reference included in the reference list. They should not consist solely of a reference citation, and they should never include the bibliographic details of a reference. They should also not contain any figures or tables. Footnotes to the text are numbered consecutively; those to tables should be indicated by superscript lower-case letters (or asterisks for significance values and other statistical data). Footnotes to the title or the authors of the article are not given reference symbols. Always use footnotes instead of endnotes.
  • Acknowledgments: Acknowledgments of people, grants, funds, etc. should be placed in a separate section before the reference list. The names of funding organizations should be written in full.


Citation: Reference citations in the text should be identified by numbers in square brackets.
Some examples:
1. Negotiation research spans many disciplines [3].
2. This result was later contradicted by Becker and Seligman [5].
3. This effect has been widely studied [1–3, 7].
Reference List:
The list of references should only include works that are cited in the text and that have been published or accepted for publication. Personal communications and unpublished works should only be mentioned in the text. Do not use footnotes or endnotes as a substitute for a reference list.
The entries in the list should be numbered consecutively.
• Journal article
Smith JJ. The world of science. Am J Sci 1999;36:234–5.
• Article by DOI
Slifka MK, Whitton JL. Clinical implications of dysregulated cytokine production. J Mol Med 2000; doi:10.1007/s001090000086
• Book
Blenkinsopp A, Paxton P. Symptoms in the pharmacy: a guide to the management of common illness. 3rd ed. Oxford: Blackwell Science; 1998.
• Book chapter
Wyllie AH, Kerr JFR, Currie AR. Cell death: the significance of apoptosis. In: Bourne GH, Danielli JF, Jeon KW, editors. International review of cytology. London: Academic; 1980. pp. 251–306.
• Online document
Doe J. Title of subordinate document. In: The dictionary of substances and their effects. Royal Society of Chemistry. 1999. http://www.rsc.org/dose/title of subordinate document. Accessed 15 Jan 1999.
Always use the standard abbreviation of a journal’s name according to the ISSN List of Title Word Abbreviations, see http://www.issn.org/services/online-services/access-to-the-ltwa/


• All tables are to be numbered using Arabic numerals.
• Tables should always be cited in text in consecutive numerical order.
• For each table, please supply a table title. The table title should explain clearly and concisely the components of the table.
• Identify any previously published material by giving the original source in the form of a reference at the end of the table title.
• Footnotes to tables should be indicated by superscript lower-case letters (or asterisks for significance values and other statistical data) and included beneath the table body.


Electronic Figure Submission:
• Supply all figures electronically.
• Indicate what graphics program was used to create the artwork.
• For vector graphics, the preferred format is EPS; for halftones, please use TIFF format. MS Office files are also acceptable.
• Vector graphics containing fonts must have the fonts embedded in the files.
• Name your figure files with “Fig” and the figure number, e.g., Fig1.eps.
Line art:
• Definition: Black and white graphic with no shading.
• Do not use faint lines and/or lettering and check that all lines and lettering within the figures are legible at final size.
• All lines should be at least 0.1 mm (0.3 pt) wide.
• Scanned line drawings and line drawings in bitmap format should have a minimum resolution of 1200 dpi.
• Vector graphics containing fonts must have the fonts embedded in the files.
Halftone art:
• Definition: Photographs, drawings, or paintings with fine shading, etc.
• If any magnification is used in the photographs, indicate this by using scale bars within the figures themselves.
• Halftones should have a minimum resolution of 300 dpi.
Combination art:
• Definition: a combination of halftone and line art, e.g., halftones containing line drawing, extensive lettering, color diagrams, etc.
• Combination artwork should have a minimum resolution of 600 dpi.
Color art:
• Color art is free of charge for online and print publication.
• Color illustrations should be submitted as RGB (8 bits per channel).
Figure lettering:
• To add lettering, it is best to use Helvetica or Arial (sans serif fonts).
• Keep lettering consistently sized throughout your final-sized artwork, usually about 2–3 mm (8–12 pt).
• Variance of type size within an illustration should be minimal, e.g., do not use 8-pt type on an axis and 20-pt type for the axis label.
• Avoid effects such as shading, outline letters, etc.
• Do not include titles or captions into your illustrations.
Figure numbering:
• All figures are to be numbered using Arabic numerals.
• Figures should always be cited in the text in consecutive numerical order.
• Figure parts should be denoted by lowercase letters (a, b, c, etc.). If illustrations are supplied with uppercase labeling, lowercase letters will still be used in the figure legends and citations.
• If an appendix appears in your article/chapter and it contains one or more figures, continue the consecutive numbering of the main text. Do not number the appendix figures, “A1, A2, A3, etc.” Figures in online appendices (Electronic Supplementary Material) should, however, be numbered separately.
Figure captions:
• Each figure should have a concise caption describing accurately what the figure depicts. Include the captions in the text file of the manuscript, not in the figure file.
• Figure captions begin with the term Fig. in bold type, followed by the figure number, also in bold type.
• No punctuation is to be included after the number, nor is any punctuation to be placed at the end of the caption.
• Identify all elements found in the figure in the figure caption; and use boxes, circles, etc., as coordinate points in graphs.
• Identify previously published material by giving the original source in the form of a reference citation at the end of the figure caption.
Figure placement and size:
• When preparing your figures, size figures to fit in the column width.
• Figures should be 39 mm, 84 mm, 129 mm, or 174 mm wide and not higher than 234 mm.
• The publisher reserves the right to reduce or enlarge figures.
Permissions: If you include figures that have already been published elsewhere, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner(s) for both the print and online format. Please be aware that some publishers do not grant electronic rights for free and that Springer will not be able to refund any costs that may have occurred to receive these permissions. In such cases, material from other sources should be used.

Electronic supplementary material 

Electronic supplementary material will be published in the online version only. It may consist of
• Information that cannot be printed: animations, video clips, sound recordings
• Information that is more convenient in electronic form: sequences, spectral data, etc.
• Large original data, e.g. additional tables, illustrations, etc.
• Supply all supplementary material in standard file formats.
• To accommodate user downloads, please keep in mind that larger-sized files may require very long download times and that some users may experience other problems during downloading.
Audio, Video, and Animations:
• Always use MPEG-1 (.mpg) format.
Text and Presentations:
• Submit your material in PDF format; .doc or .ppt files are not suitable for long-term viability.
• A collection of figures may also be combined in a PDF file.
• Spreadsheets should be converted to PDF if no interaction with the data is intended.
• If the readers should be encouraged to make their own calculations, spreadsheets should be submitted as .xls files (MS Excel).
Specialized Formats:
• Specialized formats such as .pdb (chemical), .wrl (VRML), .nb (Mathematica notebook), and .tex can also be supplied.
Collecting Multiple Files:
• It is possible to collect multiple files in a .zip or .gz file.
• If supplying any supplementary material, the text must make specific mention of the material as a citation, similar to that of figures and tables (e.g., “. . . as shown in Animation 3”).
• Name your files accordingly, e.g., Animation 3.mpg.
• For each supplementary material, please supply a concise caption describing the content of the file.
Processing of supplementary files:
• Electronic supplementary material will be published as received from the author without any conversion, editing, or reformatting.

Ethical Responsibilities of Authors 

This journal is committed to upholding the integrity of the scientific record. As a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) the journal will follow the COPE guidelines on how to deal with potential acts of misconduct.
Authors should refrain from misrepresenting research results which could damage the trust in the journal, the professionalism of scientific authorship, and ultimately the entire scientific endeavour. Maintaining integrity of the research and its presentation can be achieved by following the rules of good scientific practice, which include:
  • The manuscript has not been submitted to more than one journal for simultaneous consideration.
  • The manuscript has not been published previously (partly or in full), unless the new work concerns an expansion of previous work (please provide transparency on the re-use of material to avoid the hint of text-recycling (“self-plagiarism”)).
  • A single study is not split up into several parts to increase the quantity of submissions and submitted to various journals or to one journal over time (e.g. “salami-publishing”).
  • No data have been fabricated or manipulated (including images) to support your conclusions
  • No data, text, or theories by others are presented as if they were the author’s own (“plagiarism”). Proper acknowledgements to other works must be given (this includes material that is closely copied (near verbatim), summarized and/or paraphrased), quotation marks are used for verbatim copying of material, and permissions are secured for material that is copyrighted.
    Important note: the journal may use software to screen for plagiarism.
  • Consent to submit has been received explicitly from all co-authors, as well as from the responsible authorities - tacitly or explicitly - at the institute/organization where the work has been carried out, before the work is submitted.
  • Authors whose names appear on the submission have contributed sufficiently to the scientific work and therefore share collective responsibility and accountability for the results.
  • Authors are strongly advised to ensure the correct author group, corresponding author, and order of authors at submission. Changes of authorship or in the order of authors are not accepted after acceptance of a manuscript.
  • Adding and/or deleting authors and/or changing the order of authors at revision stage may be justifiably warranted. A letter must accompany the revised manuscript to explain the reason for the change(s) and the contribution role(s) of the added and/or deleted author(s). Further documentation may be required to support your request.
  • Requests for addition or removal of authors as a result of authorship disputes after acceptance are honored after formal notification by the institute or independent body and/or when there is agreement between all authors.
  • Upon request authors should be prepared to send relevant documentation or data in order to verify the validity of the results. This could be in the form of raw data, samples, records, etc. Sensitive information in the form of confidential proprietary data is excluded.
If there is a suspicion of misconduct, the journal will carry out an investigation following the COPE guidelines. If, after investigation, the allegation seems to raise valid concerns, the accused author will be contacted and given an opportunity to address the issue. If misconduct has been established beyond reasonable doubt, this may result in the Editor-in-Chief’s implementation of the following measures, including, but not limited to:
  • If the article is still under consideration, it may be rejected and returned to the author.
  • If the article has already been published online, depending on the nature and severity of the infraction, either an erratum will be placed with the article or in severe cases complete retraction of the article will occur. The reason must be given in the published erratum or retraction note. Please note that retraction means that the paper is maintained on the platform, watermarked "retracted" and explanation for the retraction is provided in a note linked to the watermarked article.
  • The author’s institution may be informed.

After acceptance 

During the production phase the following issues need to be clarified and you will receive the article’s proofs.
Copyright transfer: Authors will be asked to transfer copyright of the article to the Japanese Society for Artificial Organs. This will ensure the widest possible protection and dissemination of information under copyright laws.
Offprints: Offprints can be ordered by the corresponding author.

Color in print 

Online and print publication of color illustrations is free of charge.

Proof reading 

The purpose of the proof is to check for typesetting or conversion errors and the completeness and accuracy of the text, tables and figures. Substantial changes in content, e.g., new results, corrected values, title and authorship, are not allowed without the approval of the Editor. After online publication, further changes can only be made in the form of an Erratum, which will be hyperlinked to the article.

Online First 

The article will be published online after receipt of the corrected proofs. This is the official first publication citable with the DOI. After release of the printed version, the paper can also be cited by issue and page numbers.

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For authors and editors

  • Journal Citation Reports®
    2017 Impact Factor
  • 1.224
  • Aims and Scope

    Aims and Scope


    The aim of the Journal of Artificial Organs is to introduce to colleagues worldwide a broad spectrum of important new achievements in the field of artificial organs, ranging from fundamental research to clinical applications. The scope of the Journal of Artificial Organs encompasses but is not restricted to blood purification, cardiovascular intervention, biomaterials, and artificial metabolic organs. Additionally, the journal will cover technical and industrial innovations. Membership in the Japanese Society for Artificial Organs is not a prerequisite for submission.


  • Submit Online
  • Open Choice - Your Way to Open Access
  • Instructions to Authors

    Instructions for Authors


  • English Language Editing

    English Language Editing


  • Certification / Conflict of Interest Dis...
  • Author Academy: Training for Authors
  • Copyright Information

    Copyright Information


    For Authors

    Submission of a manuscript implies: that the work described has not been published before (except in form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture, review or thesis); that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere; that its publication has been approved by all co-authors, if any, as well as – tacitly or explicitly – by the responsible authorities at the institution where the work was carried out.

    Author warrants (i) that he/she is the sole owner or has been authorized by any additional copyright owner to assign the right, (ii) that the article does not infringe any third party rights and no license from or payments to a third party is required to publish the article and (iii) that the article has not been previously published or licensed. The author signs for and accepts responsibility for releasing this material on behalf of any and all co-authors. Transfer of copyright to The Japanese Society for Artificial Organs becomes effective if and when a Copyright Transfer Statement is signed or transferred electronically by the corresponding author. After submission of the Copyright Transfer Statement signed by the corresponding author, changes of authorship or in the order of the authors listed will not be accepted by Springer. 

    The copyright to this article, including any graphic elements therein (e.g. illustrations, charts, moving images), is assigned for good and valuable consideration to The Japanese Society for Artificial Organs effective if and when the article is accepted for publication and to the extent assignable if assignability is restricted for by applicable law or regulations (e.g. for U.S. government or crown employees). 

    The copyright assignment includes without limitation the exclusive, assignable and sublicensable right, unlimited in time and territory, to reproduce, publish, distribute, transmit, make available and store the article, including abstracts thereof, in all forms of media of expression now known or developed in the future, including pre- and reprints, translations, photographic reproductions and microform. Springer may use the article in whole or in part in electronic form, such as use in databases or data networks for display, print or download to stationary or portable devices. This includes interactive and multimedia use and the right to alter the article to the extent necessary for such use.

    Authors may self-archive the Author’s accepted manuscript of their articles on their own websites. Authors may also deposit this version of the article in any repository, provided it is only made publicly available 12 months after official publication or later. He/she may not use the publisher's version (the final article), which is posted on SpringerLink and other Springer websites, for the purpose of self-archiving or deposit. Furthermore, the Author may only post his/her version provided acknowledgement is given to the original source of publication and a link is inserted to the published article on Springer's website. The link must be accompanied by the following text: "The final publication is available at link.springer.com”.

    Prior versions of the article published on non-commercial pre-print servers like arXiv.org can remain on these servers and/or can be updated with Author's accepted version. The final published version (in pdf or html/xml format) cannot be used for this purpose. Acknowledgement needs to be given to the final publication and a link must be inserted to the published article on Springer's website, accompanied by the text "The final publication is available at link.springer.com". Author retains the right to use his/her article for his/her further scientific career by including the final published journal article in other publications such as dissertations and postdoctoral qualifications provided acknowledgement is given to the original source of publication.

    Author is requested to use the appropriate DOI for the article. Articles disseminated via link.springer.com are indexed, abstracted and referenced by many abstracting and information services, bibliographic networks, subscription agencies, library networks, and consortia.

    For Readers

    While the advice and information in this journal is believed to be true and accurate at the date of its publication, neither the authors, the editors, nor the publisher can accept any legal responsibility for any errors or omissions that may have been made. The publisher makes no warranty, express or implied, with respect to the material contained herein.

    All articles published in this journal are protected by copyright, which covers the exclusive rights to reproduce and distribute the article (e.g., as offprints), as well as all translation rights. No material published in this journal may be reproduced photographically or stored on microfilm, in electronic data bases, video disks, etc., without first obtaining written permission from The Japanese Society for Artificial Organs. The use of general descriptive names, trade names, trademarks, etc., in this publication, even if not specifically identified, does not imply that these names are not protected by the relevant laws and regulations.

     Springer has partnered with Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service to offer a variety of options for reusing Springer content. For permission to reuse our content please locate the material that you wish to use on link.springer.com or on SpringerImages.com and click on the permissions link or go to copyright.com and enter the title of the publication that you wish to use. For assistance in placing a permission request, Copyright Clearance Center can be connected directly via phone: +1-855-239-3415, fax: +1-978-646-8600, or e-mail: info@copyright.com.

    © The Japanese Society for Artificial Organs 

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