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Medicine - Radiology | Journal of Medical Ultrasonics

Journal of Medical Ultrasonics

Journal of Medical Ultrasonics

Editor-in-Chief: Yoshiki Hirooka

ISSN: 1346-4523 (print version)
ISSN: 1613-2254 (electronic version)

Journal no. 10396

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Instructions for Authors

Revised: December 10, 2018


Original written work will be accepted only with the understanding that it is being contributed solely to the Journal of Medical Ultrasonics.
Manuscripts are accepted for consideration with the understanding that they have not been published elsewhere except in abstract form and are not concurrently under review for any other publication.
Papers with subject matter that corresponds to all of the following as compared with a paper published previously or a similar paper currently under submission elsewhere shall be considered a duplicate submission:
1. The subject is basically the same.
2. The method is the same.
3. There are no new results/discussion.
Note that submission of a similar paper shall be regarded as a duplicate submission even if the previously published paper or paper currently under submission elsewhere is in another language.
However, this does not apply to a "translated paper" designated by the JSUM Editorial Committee.


All authors must transfer ownership of accepted articles to the Japan Society of Ultrasonics in Medicine (JSUM).

Certification Form 

The Certification Form signed by all authors must be received by the Editorial Office prior to the start of the manuscript review process. In the Certification Form, authors must disclose any financial or personal relationships that may pose conflict of interest.
The form is printed at the end of each issue. It is also available at: http://www.springer.com/10396. A scanned file (PDF, TIFF, or JPEG) of the original signed form may be uploaded as a file at the time of online submission.

Integrity of Research and Reporting 

Ethical standards

The Journal of Medical Ultrasonics has adopted the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts (URM) established by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (http://www.icmje.org/). The editors reserve the right to reject manuscripts that do not comply with the below-mentioned requirements. The author will be held responsible for false statements or failure to fulfill the below-mentioned requirements.

Human rights statements and informed consent

For studies with human subjects, include the following statement before the References section:
• All procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional and national) and with the Helsinki Declaration of 1964 and later versions.
Informed consent was obtained from all patients for being included in the study.
If doubt exists whether the research was conducted in accordance with the Helsinki Declaration, the authors must explain the rationale for their approach, and demonstrate that the institutional review body explicitly approved the doubtful aspects of the study.
Authors are responsible for making sure that patients cannot be identified based on information included in the main text, figures, and tables. Compliance with the guidelines for "Prohibited information" and "Permitted information" summarized below is mandatory.
Prohibited information: 
- Patient names and initials
- IDs (individual numbers)
- Patient addresses
- Department names and institution names and their locations that could identify patients when collated with other information
- Biopsy and autopsy numbers and image information, etc., that could identify patients
Permitted information:
- Sex
- Age: Denote age by decade of life (e.g., 20s, 30s, 40s) when the exact age could identify a patient if collated with other personal information.
- Examination-related dates should include only the month and year.
- Photographs of faces must have the eyes concealed or be otherwise masked so that patients cannot be identified.
Any data that might identify patients should not be published unless the information is essential for scientific purposes and the patient (or parent guardian) gives written informed consent for publication. If any identifying information about patients is included in the article, the following sentence should also be included:
• Additional informed consent was obtained from all patients for which identifying information is included in this article.

Animal studies

For studies with animals, include the following sentence before the References section:
• All institutional and national guidelines for the care and use of laboratory animals were followed.
For articles that do not contain studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors, while it is not absolutely necessary, we recommend to include the following sentence, just to make sure that readers are aware that there are no ethical issues with human or animal subjects:
• This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.

Conflict of Interest 

When authors submit a manuscript, they are responsible for disclosing all financial and personal relationships that might bias their work. To prevent ambiguity, authors must state explicitly whether potential conflicts do or do not exist. Each author must complete and submit a Conflict of interest form, and the corresponding author should submit all the Conflict of interest forms when submitting a manuscript. This form can be obtained from http://www.icmje.org/coi_instructions.html . Each author must indicate whether or not they have a financial relationship with any organization that sponsored the research, or is associated with any product or procedure that is mentioned in the article. For each source of funds, both the research funder and the grant number should be given.
Conflict of interest statements should be present on every manuscript before the References section. The statements should list each author separately by name. Sample wording is as follows:
• John Smith declares that he has no conflict of interest.
• Paula Taylor has received research grants from Drug Company A.
• Mike Schultz has received a speaker honorarium from Drug Company B and owns stock in Drug Company C.
If multiple authors declare no conflict, this can be done in one sentence:
• John Smith, Paula Taylor, and Mike Schultz declare that they have no conflict of interest.
Upon receipt of the certification form and COI form, manuscripts are officially recognized as submissions.

Pathological Studies 

If your paper includes pathological findings, you should have it checked by a pathologist or clinician well versed in pathology.

Manuscript Categories 

The journal publishes review articles, original articles, images, and letters to the editor. The manuscript category should be indicated on the first page of the manuscript.
Review articles:
For reporting on recent research and topics. Manuscripts will be subject to the regular review process.
Original articles:
For reporting new findings.
Ultrasonographic images that illustrate important findings of special interest on a particular subject or a case study. Images may be published at the discretion of the editor. The maximum number of authors should be seven (7). Articles should have the following format: 1) title page, 2) text (maximum 400 words), 3) references (maximum five), 4) figure (maximum one, which may contain more than one element), and 5) figure caption.
Letters to the editor:
Letters asking a question or expressing an opinion about an article recently published in the journal. A copy of the letter will be sent to the previous article’s author(s) to invite a response. Length must not exceed 400 words.

Manuscript Submission via Editorial Manager 

Authors should submit their manuscripts to the Journal of Medical Ultrasonics online. Please log in directly at:
http://jomu.edmgr.com/ and upload your manuscript following the instructions given.
Please use the Help option to see the most recently updated system requirements.

Author Accounts 

Authors entering the journal’s Editorial Manager site can either create a new account or use an existing one.
If you have an existing account, use it for all your submissions; you can track their status on the same page. If you have forgotten your username and password, please click on the link “Send Username/Password” and enter your email address. You will then receive an automatic email with your username and password.

Getting Started 

Once you have logged into your account, Editorial Manager will lead you through the submission process in an orderly, step-by-step process.
If you cannot finish your submission in one visit, you can save a draft and re-enter the process later at the same point for that manuscript.
While submitting your electronic manuscript, you will be required to enter data about your manuscript into the system. These include a full title, author names and affiliations, and so forth, as listed below under Preparation of Manuscript. Support for special characters is available.
At any point during this process, there are Help buttons available for frequently asked questions.

Uploading Files 

Text: Texts of articles should be uploaded in rich text format (.rtf) or as Microsoft Word documents (.doc).
LaTeX is also acceptable.
LaTeX: The electronic version should include the original source (including all style files and figures)
and a PostScript version of the compiled submission. Authors who prepare their papers with LaTeX are encouraged to use the Springer macro package, available at http://www.springer.com/10396
Tables: Use the table functions of your word-processing program, not spreadsheets, to make tables.
Tables may be uploaded separately from the main document or inserted into the main document.
Figures: Common graphic files such as EPS, TIFF, GIF, and JPEG are supported.
Please submit all of your artwork in an electronic format according to Artwork Guidelines described below in these instructions.
After uploading the parts of the article in this manner, the system will convert the files to PDF format.
You can view the result of the conversion with Adobe Reader. You will also be notified by email that your submission is successful.
At any point during this process, there are Help buttons available to see frequently asked questions.
If the total size of the files exceeds the file volume (20 MB) for online submission, reduce the resolution of large files for initial submission.
In those cases, you may be requested to provide figures/ llustrations of sufficient quality for printing afteracceptance.

Keeping Track 

After submission, you may return periodically and monitor the progress of your submission through the review process. Manuscripts that have been sent back by the editorial office will be withdrawn if there is no response to the reminder email after 60 days have elapsed.

Preparation of Manuscripts 

The manuscript must be submitted in English, typed single-spaced with wide margins throughout. “Times” is the preferable type font. Place the first author’s name and page number in the upper right corner of each page.
Authors who are not fluent in English must seek the assistance of a colleague who is a native English speaker and is familiar with the field of the work.
The pages should be numbered consecutively, starting with the title page.
Manuscripts should be organized in the order indicated below, with each component beginning at the top of a new page.
Title Page: Page 1 should include (a) the title of the article (with no abbreviations, as a rule); (b) the authors’ full names (given name and surname) listed in descending order of their contribution to the entire work; (c) the designation of a corresponding author; (d) all authors’ affiliations, including the name of the institution or organization, city, and country where the work was done. The corresponding author’s affiliation should also include a full mailing address, telephone and fax numbers, and email address.
Authors are requested, in principle, to limit the number of authors (first author and coauthors) for their papers to a maximum of 10.
Any exception to this guideline must be approved by the Editorial Office after receiving a report on the contribution of each author of the article.
Abstract and Keywords: The abstract should consist of no more than 200 words.
The abstract should state the purpose of the study, basic procedures, most important findings, and principal conclusions, with an emphasis on the new aspects of the study.
For original articles, the abstract must have the following subheadings: Purpose, Methods, Results, Conclusion. For all other types of articles, the abstract should consist of one paragraph without subheadings. Following the abstract, a maximum of five keywords should be listed. For sample keywords, see recent issues of the journal or the keywords used in Index Medicus.
Text: The text should begin with an Introduction, followed by Materials and methods, Results, Discussion, Conclusion, acknowledgments, Ethical statements, Conflict of Interest, references, appendices, figure legends, and tables.
Appendices must be cited in the text. The Introduction should explain the significance of the work being reported and the purpose of the study. Results should be stated clearly and concisely and should not repeat information contained in other sections. The Discussion should, if possible, contrast the work reported with other published reports, and should point out the originality of the work.
Conflict of Interest: Authors must disclose any financial or personal relationships that may pose conflict of interest. All disclosures should be inserted by the author in the “Conflict of Interest”, which should be placed in a separate section before the reference list. For full details regarding Conflict of Interest, see the instructions and examples given above.
References: The list of References should include only works that are cited in the text and that have been published or accepted for publication. Works that have been submitted for publication but not yet accepted cannot be listed in References but may be cited in parentheses in the text as unpublished works.
References should be numbered in the order in which they appear in the text and listed in numerical order.
Journal titles should be abbreviated according to Index Medicus.
References should be cited in the text using numbers in square brackets on the line, e.g., Ames et al. [1] reported…
References should be styled as follows.
Journal article
1) Komatsuda T, Ishida H, Konno K, et al.
Intestinal congestion associated with protein C deficiency syndrome: a case report. J Med Ultrasonics.
2) Sumino Y, Kanda R, Takamizawa K, et al.
Basic investigation of the relationship between the quality of Bmode imaging and the propagation time of the pulse experienced in examination of the human abdominal
wall specimen. Jpn J Med Ultrasonics.
Journal article by DOI
3)Yamamoto A, Yamakoshi Y, Ohsawa T, et al. Shear wave velocity measurement of upper trapezius muscle by color Doppler shear wave imaging. J Med Ultrasonics. 2017. doi:10.1007/s10396-017-0803-8.
Books and chapters in books
4) Morson BC. Color atlas of gastrointestinal pathology. Oxford: Harvey Miller; 1988. p. 242–9.
5) Jones CJH, Sugawara M, Davies RH, et al.
Arterial wave intensity: physical meaning and physiological significance. In: Hosoda S,Yaginuma T, Sugawara M, et al., editors. Recent progress in cardiovascular mechanics. Chur (Switzerland): Harwood Academic; 1994. p. 129–48.
Journal article on the Internet
6) Abood S. Quality improvement initiative in nursing homes: the ANA acts in an advisory role. Am J Nurs. [serial on the Internet]. 2002 Jun [cited 2002 Aug 12];102(6):[about 3 p.].
Available from:
Part of a homepage/Web site
7) American Medical Association [homepage on the Internet]. Chicago: The Association; c1995–2002
[updated 2001 Aug 23; cited 2002 Aug 12].
AMA Office of Group Practice Liaison; [about 2 screens]. Available from:
Figures: All figures should be cited in order in the text and numbered consecutively with Arabic numerals throughout. Figure parts should be identified by lowercase roman
letters (a, b, etc.).
A brief descriptive legend should be provided for each figure: legends are part of the text and should be appended to it on a separate page. The publisher reserves the right to reduce or enlarge illustrations used in figures.
Page Charge: No handling fees are charged for publication of manuscripts.
Color illustrations will be accepted at no additional cost; however, the Editors reserve the right to print them in black and white.

LaTeX and Online Submission 

All source files you upload in the online submission system will be automatically compiled into a single PDF file to be approved by you at the end of the submission process. While the compiled PDF will be used for peer-review purposes, your uploaded source files will be transferred to the publisher for publication upon acceptance.
Please do not use subfolders for your LaTeX submission, e.g. for figures or bibliographic files. Further technical information on uploading and compiling your LaTeX submission can be found under


All original data files are converted to our journal style with the standard layout for Online First publication (described below) in PDF and should be proofread carefully by the author.
Authors are informed by e-mail that a temporary URL has been created from which they can obtain their proofs. The purpose of the proof is to check for typesetting errors and the completeness and accuracy of the text, tables and figures. Substantial changes in content, e.g., new results,
corrected values, title, and authorship, are not allowed without the approval of the Editor.
The final decision on the revision of the proof rests with the Editor-in-Chief, not the author.

Online First 

The article will be published online after receipt of the corrected proofs.
This is the official first publication citable with the Digital Object Identifier (DOI).
After release of the printed version, the article can also be cited by issue and page numbers.
After online publication, further changes can be made only in the form of an Erratum, which will be hyperlinked to the article.

All correspondence should be sent to: 

Editorial office
The Japan Society of Ultrasonics in Medicine Ochanomizu Center Building, 6th floor
2-23-1 Kanda-Awajicho, Chiyoda, Tokyo 101-0063, Japan
Tel. +81-3-6380-3711
Fax +81-3-5297-3744
e-mail: office@jsum.or.jp

Artwork Guidelines 

Electronic Figure Submission:
Supply all figures electronically.
Figures must be of high enough quality at the time of submission that they can be published with no revision at later stages of the publication process.
Indicate what graphics program was used to create the artwork.
For vector graphics, the preferred format is EPS; for halftones, please use TIFF format.
Use of double-byte characters should be avoided.
Vector graphics containing fonts must have the fonts embedded in the files.
Name your figure files with “Fig” and the figure number, e.g., Fig1.eps.
Line Art:
Definition: Black and white graphic with no shading.
Do not use faint lines and/or lettering, and check that all lines and lettering within the figures are legible at final size.
All lines should be at least 0.1 mm (0.3 pt) wide.
Line drawings should have a minimum resolution of 1200 dpi.
Vector graphics containing fonts must have the fonts embedded in the files.
Halftone Art:
Definition: Photographs, drawings, or paintings with fine shading, etc.
If any magnification is used in the photographs, indicate this by using scale bars within the figures themselves.
Halftones should have a minimum resolution of 300 dpi.
Combination Art:
Definition: a combination of halftone and line art, e.g., halftones containing line drawing, extensive lettering, color
diagrams, etc.
Combination artwork should have a minimum resolution of 600 dpi.
Color Art:
Color illustrations should be submitted as RGB (8 bits per channel).
Figure Lettering:
To add lettering, it is best to use Helvetica or Arial (sans-serif) fonts.
Keep lettering consistently sized throughout your final-sized artwork, usually about 2–3 mm (8–12 pt).
Variance of type size within an illustration should be minimal, e.g., do not use 8-pt type on an axis and 20-pt type for the axis label.
Avoid effects such as shading, outline letters, etc.
Do not include titles or captions in your illustrations.
Figure Placement and Size:
When preparing your figures, size figures to fit within the column width.
Figures should be 39 mm, 84 mm, 129 mm, or 174 mm wide and not higher than 234 mm.

Ethical Responsibilities of Authors 

This journal is committed to upholding the integrity of the scientific record. As a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) the journal will follow the COPE guidelines on how to deal with potential acts of misconduct.
Authors should refrain from misrepresenting research results which could damage the trust in the journal, the professionalism of scientific authorship, and ultimately the entire scientific endeavour. Maintaining integrity of the research and its presentation can be achieved by following the rules of good scientific practice, which include:
  • The manuscript has not been submitted to more than one journal for simultaneous consideration.
  • The manuscript has not been published previously (partly or in full), unless the new work concerns an expansion of previous work (please provide transparency on the re-use of material to avoid the hint of text-recycling (“self-plagiarism”)).
  • A single study is not split up into several parts to increase the quantity of submissions and submitted to various journals or to one journal over time (e.g. “salami-publishing”).
  • No data have been fabricated or manipulated (including images) to support your conclusions
  • No data, text, or theories by others are presented as if they were the author’s own (“plagiarism”). Proper acknowledgements to other works must be given (this includes material that is closely copied (near verbatim), summarized and/or paraphrased), quotation marks are used for verbatim copying of material, and permissions are secured for material that is copyrighted.
    Important note: the journal may use software to screen for plagiarism.
  • Consent to submit has been received explicitly from all co-authors, as well as from the responsible authorities - tacitly or explicitly - at the institute/organization where the work has been carried out, before the work is submitted.
  • Authors whose names appear on the submission have contributed sufficiently to the scientific work and therefore share collective responsibility and accountability for the results.
  • Authors are strongly advised to ensure the correct author group, corresponding author, and order of authors at submission. Changes of authorship or in the order of authors are not accepted after acceptance of a manuscript.
  • Adding and/or deleting authors and/or changing the order of authors at revision stage may be justifiably warranted. A letter must accompany the revised manuscript to explain the reason for the change(s) and the contribution role(s) of the added and/or deleted author(s). Further documentation may be required to support your request.
  • Requests for addition or removal of authors as a result of authorship disputes after acceptance are honored after formal notification by the institute or independent body and/or when there is agreement between all authors.
  • Upon request authors should be prepared to send relevant documentation or data in order to verify the validity of the results. This could be in the form of raw data, samples, records, etc. Sensitive information in the form of confidential proprietary data is excluded.
If there is a suspicion of misconduct, the journal will carry out an investigation following the COPE guidelines. If, after investigation, the allegation seems to raise valid concerns, the accused author will be contacted and given an opportunity to address the issue. If misconduct has been established beyond reasonable doubt, this may result in the Editor-in-Chief’s implementation of the following measures, including, but not limited to:
  • If the article is still under consideration, it may be rejected and returned to the author.
  • If the article has already been published online, depending on the nature and severity of the infraction, either an erratum will be placed with the article or in severe cases complete retraction of the article will occur. The reason must be given in the published erratum or retraction note. Please note that retraction means that the paper is maintained on the platform, watermarked "retracted" and explanation for the retraction is provided in a note linked to the watermarked article.
  • The author’s institution may be informed.

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For authors and editors

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  • Aims and Scope

    Aims and Scope



    The Journal of Medical Ultrasonics is the official journal of the Japan Society of Ultrasonics in Medicine. The main purpose of the journal is to provide forum for the publication of papers documenting recent advances and new developments in the entire field of ultrasound in medicine and biology, encompassing both the medical and the engineering aspects of the science. The journal welcomes original articles, review articles, case reports, educational articles, short communications, short technical reports, and letters to the editor. The journal also provides state-of-the-art information such as announcements from the boards and the committees of the society.

  • Submit Online
  • Open Choice - Your Way to Open Access
  • Instructions for Authors

    Instructions for Authors


  • Certification Form (pdf, 81 kB)
  • JSUM Fellowships (pdf, 96 kB)
  • English Language Editing

    English Language Editing


  • LaTeX macro package
  • Author Academy: Training for Authors
  • Copyright Information

    Copyright Information


    For Authors

    Submission of a manuscript implies: that the work described has not been published before (except in form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture, review or thesis); that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere; that its publication has been approved by all co-authors, if any, as well as – tacitly or explicitly – by the responsible authorities at the institution where the work was carried out.

    Author warrants (i) that he/she is the sole owner or has been authorized by any additional copyright owner to assign the right, (ii) that the article does not infringe any third party rights and no license from or payments to a third party is required to publish the article and (iii) that the article has not been previously published or licensed. The author signs for and accepts responsibility for releasing this material on behalf of any and all co-authors. Transfer of copyright to the Japan Society of Ultrasonics in Medicine becomes effective if and when a Copyright Transfer Statement is signed or transferred electronically by the corresponding author. After submission of the Copyright Transfer Statement signed by the corresponding author, changes of authorship or in the order of the authors listed will not be accepted by Springer.

    The copyright to this article, including any graphic elements therein (e.g. illustrations, charts, moving images), is assigned for good and valuable consideration to the Japan Society of Ultrasonics in Medicine effective if and when the article is accepted for publication and to the extent assignable if assignability is restricted for by applicable law or regulations (e.g. for U.S. government or crown employees).

    The copyright assignment includes without limitation the exclusive, assignable and sublicensable right, unlimited in time and territory, to reproduce, publish, distribute, transmit, make available and store the article, including abstracts thereof, in all forms of media of expression now known or developed in the future, including pre- and reprints, translations, photographic reproductions and microform. Springer may use the article in whole or in part in electronic form, such as use in databases or data networks for display, print or download to stationary or portable devices. This includes interactive and multimedia use and the right to alter the article to the extent necessary for such use.

    Authors may self-archive the Author’s accepted manuscript of their articles on their own websites. Authors may also deposit this version of the article in any repository, provided it is only made publicly available 12 months after official publication or later. He/she may not use the publisher's version (the final article), which is posted on SpringerLink and other Springer websites, for the purpose of self-archiving or deposit. Furthermore, the Author may only post his/her version provided acknowledgement is given to the original source of publication and a link is inserted to the published article on Springer's website. The link must be accompanied by the following text: "The final publication is available at link.springer.com”.

    Prior versions of the article published on non-commercial pre-print servers like arXiv.org can remain on these servers and/or can be updated with Author's accepted version. The final published version (in pdf or html/xml format) cannot be used for this purpose. Acknowledgement needs to be given to the final publication and a link must be inserted to the published article on Springer's website, accompanied by the text "The final publication is available at link.springer.com". Author retains the right to use his/her article for his/her further scientific career by including the final published journal article in other publications such as dissertations and postdoctoral qualifications provided acknowledgement is given to the original source of publication.

    Author is requested to use the appropriate DOI for the article. Articles disseminated via link.springer.com are indexed, abstracted and referenced by many abstracting and information services, bibliographic networks, subscription agencies, library networks, and consortia.

    For Readers

    While the advice and information in this journal is believed to be true and accurate at the date of its publication, neither the authors, the editors, nor the publisher can accept any legal responsibility for any errors or omissions that may have been made. The publisher makes no warranty, express or implied, with respect to the material contained herein.

    All articles published in this journal are protected by copyright, which covers the exclusive rights to reproduce and distribute the article (e.g., as offprints), as well as all translation rights. No material published in this journal may be reproduced photographically or stored on microfilm, in electronic data bases, video disks, etc., without first obtaining written permission from the Japan Society of Ultrasonics in Medicine. The use of general descriptive names, trade names, trademar

    ks, etc., in this publication, even if not specifically identified, does not imply that these names are not protected by the relevant laws and regulations.

    Springer has partnered with Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service to offer a variety of options for reusing Springer content. For permission to reuse our content please locate the material that you wish to use on link.springer.com or on SpringerImages.com and click on the permissions link or go to copyright.com and enter the title of the publication that you wish to use. For assistance in placing a permission request, Copyright Clearance Center can be connected directly via phone: +1-855-239-3415, fax: +1-978-646-8600, or e-mail: info@copyright.com.


    © The Japan Society of Ultrasonics in Medicine


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