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Medicine | Wiener klinische Wochenschrift – incl. option to publish open access

Wiener klinische Wochenschrift

Wiener klinische Wochenschrift

The Central European Journal of Medicine

Editor-in-Chief: Gerold Stanek

ISSN: 0043-5325 (print version)
ISSN: 1613-7671 (electronic version)

Journal no. 508

Instructions for Authors

Wiener klinische Wochenschrift


The Wiener klinische Wochenschrift – The Central European Journal of Medicine – publishes original papers, reviews, case reports in all fields of clinical research, and editorials on selected original articles and important current scientific developments in English. Experimental investigations can be considered only if directly relevant to clinical medicine.
Original papers
Original papers including figures, tables and references may not exceed 6 printed pages (1 printed page corresponds approximately to 4 manuscript pages).
Short reports
Short reports must not exceed 3 printed pages with only 1 table or figure.
Rapid Communications
Rapid Communications of unusual importance (maximally 4 printed pages) undergo an accelerated reviewing process and are published within 3–4 months after submission. The request for rapid publication must be indicated specifically.
Reviews: In-depth reviews are usually invited by the editors, but unsolicited reviews on subjects of general interest are welcome. The length is usually confined to 6 printed pages/120 references.
Short Reviews
As commentaries on important medical innovations, Short Reviews should not exceed 4 printed pages in length.
Editorials/Comments on original articles or other important scientific findings are likewise usually commissioned by the editorial board.
Case reports
Case reports are accepted to a maximum of 4 printed pages including figures and tables.
Letters should not exceed 500 words, must have no more than 10 references and 1 figure or table. Letters referring to a recent article must be received within 8 weeks of its publication. Letters are subject to editorial revision and abridgment.


Manuscripts containing original material are accepted for consideration on the understanding that the material has neither been published previously (except in form of an abstract), nor is under consideration for publication elsewhere and that its publication is approved by all coauthors. With delivery of the manuscript for publication and the subsequent acceptance by the Editor, the author transfers all necessary copyrights for publication and distribution to the publisher.
Manuscripts should be submitted preferably in English (the manuscript will, if necessary, be corrected for English style and language). All scientific material is subject to a peer reviewing process by the editors and at least two external experts. The authors are encouraged to propose up to five names of potential reviewers, but, obviously, the editors reserve the right of final selection.
Authors wishing to include figures, tables, or text passages that have already been published elsewhere are required to obtain permission from the copyright owner(s) for both the print and online format and to include evidence that such permission has been granted when submitting their papers. Any material received without such evidence will be assumed to originate from the authors.
Ethical standards
Manuscripts submitted for publication must contain a statement to the effect that all human studies have been approved by the appropriate ethics committee and have therefore been performed in accordance with the ethical standards laid down in the 1964 Declaration of Helsinki. It should also be stated clearly in the text that all persons gave their informed consent prior to their inclusion in the study. Details that might disclose the identity of the subjects under study should be omitted.
The editors reserve the right to reject manuscripts that do not comply with the above-mentioned requirements. The author will be held responsible for false statements or failure to fulfill the above-mentioned requirements.
Conflict of interest
Authors must indicate whether or not there is a financial relationship between them and the organization that sponsored the research. This note should be added in a separate section previous to the reference list. If no conflict exists, authors should state: The authors declare that there is no conflict of interest. A separate statement is required for every individual author of a manuscript and should be submitted together with the manuscript.
Online Submission
Manuscripts should be submitted online using the Editorial Manager website of Wiener klinische Wochenschrift.
Please login directly on the site at www.editorialmanager.com/wkwo and upload your manuscript following the on-screen instructions.
In case you encounter any difficulties while submitting your manuscript online, please get in touch with the responsible Managing Editor by clicking on “Contact us” from the tool bar. Please do not send any hard copies of the manuscript.


The presentation of the typescript should be in accordance with the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors’ “Uniform requirements for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals” (see N Engl J Med 1991;324:424–8 or Br Med J 1988;296:401–5).
Title Page
The Title Page of the manuscript must provide:
• The title of the paper (English and German, without abbreviations)
• The name(s) of all author(s)
• Affiliation(s) of all author(s)
• Acknowledgments
• Details of the corresponding author: Full name, affiliation, full postal address, e-mail address, fax and telephone numbers
The Abstract (English and German) must not exceed 250 words and should not contain references or abbreviations. It should be comprehensible to the non specialist medical reader. The purpose of the investigation, the basic procedures, the main findings and the principal conclusions should be clearly stated. Submission of structured abstracts (see Ann Intern Med 1990;113:69–76) is encouraged.
Key Words
Five Key words (English and German) should be listed after the abstract. These should be taken from the Index Medicus Thesaurus of Medical Subject Headings (MSH) whenever possible.
The Introduction should describe the background and rationale for the study in a way which is comprehensible to the general medical reader. Abbreviations used in the text must be explained at their first appearance.
Patients, Materials and Methods
The Patients, Materials and Methods section should give a concise account of clinical details of the subjects studied, of the procedures, equipment and materials employed. The statistical methods used to evaluate the results must be described. Generic names should be used for drugs; if the trade name is mentioned, the manufacturer should be stated and the chemical composition specified.
The Results section should present the findings, supported by appropriate statistical analysis, but without discussion. Numerical data presented in tables or figures should not be duplicated in the text.
The Discussion section should summarize the findings presented in Results and compare them with existing knowledge and state the tentative conclusions.
References may be made to published work and papers in press. Reference citations are not permitted in the abstract of a paper. Authors are responsible for the accuracy of all literature citations. Work in progress, in preparation, unpublished work, and personal communications should be cited as footnotes to the text. References should be listed numerically in the text in the order of appearance as parenthesized consecutive numbers, e.g., [1, 2]. Where there are more than two references, the citation should appear as hyphenated numbers, e.g., [1–3]. References should be typed double-spaced in numerical order of citation. Abbreviations of journals should conform to those used in Medline. The following formats must be used:
• Journal article with one, two, or three authors: all of the authors are listed.
• Journal article with more than six authors: only the first three authors are listed following ‘‘et al’’.
• Journal article in press (manuscript has been accepted for publication): Journal name (in press).
• Abstracts: Authors, Title, Journal, Volume, Page, year, abstract number (e.g., Proc Am Soc Clin Oncol 2007;25:215s (abstr 4571))
References should be quoted according to the Vancouver Format (Ref.) e.g.
• Journal article
Smithline HA, Mader TJ, Ali FM, Cocchi MN. Determining pretest probability of DVT: clinical intuition vs. validated scoring systems. N Engl J Med. 2003;21(2):161–2.
Gao SR, McGarry M, Ferrier TL, Pallante B, Gasparrini B, Fletcher JR, et al. Effect of cell confluence on production of cloned mice using an inbred embryonic stem cell line. Biol Reprod. 2003;68(2):595–603.
• Article published online with DOI
Vitzthum K, Mache S, Quarcoo D, Groneberg DA, Schöffel N. Interdisziplinäre Strategien der Dopingbekämpfung. Wien Klin Wochenschr. 2010;122:325–33. doi:10.1007/s00508-010-1383-4.
• Books
Brooks A, Mahoney P, Rowlands B, editors. ABC of tubes, drains, lines and frames. West Sussex: Blackwell Publishing Ltd; 2008.
• Book chapter
Speroff L, Fritz MA. Clinical gynaecologic endocrinology and infertility. 7th ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins; 2005. Chapter 29, Endometriosis; p.1103–33.
• Online document
Merzouk H, Bouchenak M, Loukidi B, Madani S, Prost J, Belleville J. Fetal macrosomia related maternal poorly controlled type 1 diabetes strongly impairs serum lipoprotein concentrations and composition. J Clin Pathol [Internet]. 2000 [cited 2010 Apr 15]; 53:917–23. Available from: http://jcp.bmjjournals.com/content/53/12/917.full.pdf+html
Always use the standard abbreviation of a journal’s name according to the ISSN List of Title Word Abbreviations, see www.issn.org/2-22661-LTWA-online.php


Text Formatting
Manuscripts should be submitted in Word.
• The work’s formatting must be in keeping with the respective journal’s guidelinesUse a normal, plain font (e.g., 10-point Times Roman) for text.
• Use italics for emphasis.
• Use the automatic page numbering function to number the pages.
• Do not use field functions.
• Use tab stops or other commands for indents, not the space bar.
• Use the table function, not spreadsheets, to make tables.
• Use the equation editor or MathType for equations.
• Note: If you use Word 2007, do not create the equations with the default equation editor but use the Microsoft equation editor or MathType instead.
Please use no more than three levels of displayed headings.
Abbreviations should be defined at first mention and used consistently thereafter.
Footnotes can be used to give additional information, which may include the citation of a reference included in the reference list. They should not consist solely of a reference citation, and they should never include the bibliographic details of a reference. They should also not contain any figures or tables.
Footnotes to the text are numbered consecutively; those to tables should be indicated by superscript lowercase letters (or asterisks for significance values and other statistical data). Footnotes to the title or the authors of the article are not given reference symbols.
Always use footnotes instead of endnotes.


• Tables must each be typed on a separate sheet and inserted between the reference list and the figure legends.
• All tables are to be numbered using Arabic numerals.
• Tables should always be cited in text in consecutive numerical order.
• For each table, please supply a table caption (title) explaining the components of the table.
• Identify any previously published material by giving the original source in the form of a reference at the end of the table caption.
• Footnotes to tables should be indicated by superscript lowercase letters (or asterisks for significance values and other statistical data) and included beneath the table body.


Figures must be numbered consecutively and submitted on separate sheets. The number of figures must be kept to a minimum consistent with clarity of the text and should not repeat numerical data presented in tables or text. Color illustrations will be accepted without extra costs for reproduction. Numbers, symbols and lines must be of a size sufficient for easy reading after appropriate reduction of the figure to fit the column width. Each figure must be accompanied by a brief selfexplanatory legend, which includes a definition of all symbols and abbreviations used in the figure. The legends should be listed on a separate sheet.
Technical instructions
Submit all figures as separate files and do not integrate them into the text file; the file names should include the relevant number of the figure.
Halftone figures: For an acceptable reproduction in color a resolution of 300 dpi is necessary. The figures must be converted in CMYK-model and stored as tiff-file (24 bit). Monotone figures must be stored in grayscale model (8 bit) with the same final resolution.
Line drawings: All figures (colored or black & white) including line arts and text labellings created with a drawing programme (Adobe Illustrator, Macromedia Freehand, CorelDraw) should be stored in eps-format. Scanned images should be stored as bitmap-file with a resolution not less than 800-1200 dpi. The used fonts must be embedded in the file to avoid changes or lost characters.
Do not use presentation programmes (e.g., PowerPoint) or files downloaded from the internet to submit figures; in most cases data cannot be processed.

Ethical Responsibilities of Authors 

This journal is committed to upholding the integrity of the scientific record. As a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) the journal will follow the COPE guidelines on how to deal with potential acts of misconduct.
Authors should refrain from misrepresenting research results which could damage the trust in the journal, the professionalism of scientific authorship, and ultimately the entire scientific endeavour. Maintaining integrity of the research and its presentation can be achieved by following the rules of good scientific practice, which include:
  • The manuscript has not been submitted to more than one journal for simultaneous consideration.
  • The manuscript has not been published previously (partly or in full), unless the new work concerns an expansion of previous work (please provide transparency on the re-use of material to avoid the hint of text-recycling (“self-plagiarism”)).
  • A single study is not split up into several parts to increase the quantity of submissions and submitted to various journals or to one journal over time (e.g. “salami-publishing”).
  • No data have been fabricated or manipulated (including images) to support your conclusions
  • No data, text, or theories by others are presented as if they were the author’s own (“plagiarism”). Proper acknowledgements to other works must be given (this includes material that is closely copied (near verbatim), summarized and/or paraphrased), quotation marks are used for verbatim copying of material, and permissions are secured for material that is copyrighted.
    Important note: the journal may use software to screen for plagiarism.
  • Consent to submit has been received explicitly from all co-authors, as well as from the responsible authorities - tacitly or explicitly - at the institute/organization where the work has been carried out, before the work is submitted.
  • Authors whose names appear on the submission have contributed sufficiently to the scientific work and therefore share collective responsibility and accountability for the results.
  • Authors are strongly advised to ensure the correct author group, corresponding author, and order of authors at submission. Changes of authorship or in the order of authors are not accepted after acceptance of a manuscript.
  • Adding and/or deleting authors and/or changing the order of authors at revision stage may be justifiably warranted. A letter must accompany the revised manuscript to explain the reason for the change(s) and the contribution role(s) of the added and/or deleted author(s). Further documentation may be required to support your request.
  • Requests for addition or removal of authors as a result of authorship disputes after acceptance are honored after formal notification by the institute or independent body and/or when there is agreement between all authors.
  • Upon request authors should be prepared to send relevant documentation or data in order to verify the validity of the results. This could be in the form of raw data, samples, records, etc. Sensitive information in the form of confidential proprietary data is excluded.
If there is a suspicion of misconduct, the journal will carry out an investigation following the COPE guidelines. If, after investigation, the allegation seems to raise valid concerns, the accused author will be contacted and given an opportunity to address the issue. If misconduct has been established beyond reasonable doubt, this may result in the Editor-in-Chief’s implementation of the following measures, including, but not limited to:
  • If the article is still under consideration, it may be rejected and returned to the author.
  • If the article has already been published online, depending on the nature and severity of the infraction, either an erratum will be placed with the article or in severe cases complete retraction of the article will occur. The reason must be given in the published erratum or retraction note. Please note that retraction means that the paper is maintained on the platform, watermarked "retracted" and explanation for the retraction is provided in a note linked to the watermarked article.
  • The author’s institution may be informed.


Proof reading
Corrections noted in the proofs should be restricted to type setting mistakes. The authors will be charged for
any costs exceeding 10 % of the typesetting fee involving corrections not caused by printer’s errors.
Endorsement must be obtained from the Editors for any contemplated major change to the text.
The corresponding author will receive 2 complementary copies free of charge. Reprints may be ordered at cost
price using the enclosed order form when page proofs are returned. Orders submitted after the journal is
printed are subject to considerably higher prices.
Copyright transfer
Authors will be asked to transfer copyright of the article to the Publisher (or grant the Publisher exclusive
publication and dissemination rights). This will ensure the widest possible protection and dissemination of
information under copyright laws.
Online First
The article will be published online after receipt of the corrected proofs. This is the official first publication
citable with the DOI. After release of the printed version, the paper can also be cited by issue and page
numbers. The electronic edition of your article is available at SpringerLink.com and SpringerMedizin.at

Open Choice 

Open Choice allows you to publish open access in more than 1850 Springer Nature journals, making your research more visible and accessible immediately on publication.
  • Increased researcher engagement: Open Choice enables access by anyone with an internet connection, immediately on publication.
  • Higher visibility and impact: In Springer hybrid journals, OA articles are accessed 4 times more often on average, and cited 1.7 more times on average*.
  • Easy compliance with funder and institutional mandates: Many funders require open access publishing, and some take compliance into account when assessing future grant applications.
It is easy to find funding to support open access – please see our funding and support pages for more information.
*) Within the first three years of publication. Springer Nature hybrid journal OA impact analysis, 2018.

Copyright and license term – CC BY

Open Choice articles do not require transfer of copyright as the copyright remains with the author. In opting for open access, the author(s) agree to publish the article under the Creative Commons Attribution License.

Read this Journal on Springerlink

For authors and editors

  • Journal Citation Reports®
    2017 Impact Factor
  • 1.003
  • Aims and Scope

    Aims and Scope


    The Wiener klinische Wochenschrift - The Central European Journal of Medicine - is an international scientific medical journal covering the entire spectrum of clinical medicine and related areas such as ethics in medicine, public health and the history of medicine. In addition to original articles, the Journal features editorials and leading articles on newly emerging topics, review articles, case reports and a broad range of special articles. Experimental material will be considered for publication if it is directly relevant to clinical medicine. The number of international contributions has been steadily increasing. Consequently, the international reputation of the journal has grown in the past several years. Founded in 1888, the Wiener klinische Wochenschrift - The Central European Journal of Medicine -  is certainly one of the most prestigious medical journals in the world and takes pride in having been the first publisher of landmarks in medicine.

    Fields of interest: all fields of medicine

    Die Wiener klinische Wochenschrift - The Central European Journal of Medicine - ist eine internationale, medizinisch-wissenschaftliche Zeitschrift, die das gesamte Spektrum der klinischen Medizin und medizinisch- gesellschaftliche Bereiche, wie Ethik in der Medizin, Sozialmedizin, Geschichte der Medizin abdeckt. Alle Arbeiten durchlaufen ein Begutachtungsverfahren. Neben Originalarbeiten werden Editorials und Leitartikel zu aktuellen Themen, Übersichten, Fallberichte und ein breites Spektrum von Sonderthemen publiziert. Experimentelle Arbeiten werden dann veröffentlicht, wenn sie einen direkten klinischen Bezug aufweisen. Die Autorenschaft ist international mit Schwerpunkt im mitteleuropäischen Raum. Die internationale Anerkennung der Zeitschrift (gemessen am Impact Factor) hat in den letzten Jahren stark zugenommen.

    Die Wiener klinische Wochenschrift - The Central European Journal of Medicine - gegründet 1888, ist eine der traditionsreichsten medizinischen Zeitschriften, in der Meilensteine der Medizin erstveröffentlicht wurden.

  • Submit Online
  • Open Choice - Your Way to Open Access
  • Instructions for authors

    Instructions for Authors


  • Hinweise für Autoren

    Hinweise für Autoren


  • Compliance with Ethical Requirements

    Compliance with Ethical Requirements


  • Call for Papers (pdf, 231 kB)
  • Copyright Information

    Copyright Information


    Copyright Information

    For Authors

    Submission of a manuscript implies: that the work described has not been published before (except in form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture, review or thesis); that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere; that its publication has been approved by all co-authors, if any, as well as – tacitly or explicitly – by the responsible authorities at the institution where the work was carried out.

    Author warrants (i) that he/she is the sole owner or has been authorized by any additional copyright owner to assign the right, (ii) that the article does not infringe any third party rights and no license from or payments to a third party is required to publish the article and (iii) that the article has not been previously published or licensed. The author signs for and accepts responsibility for releasing this material on behalf of any and all co-authors. Transfer of copyright to Springer (respective to owner if other than Springer) becomes effective if and when a Copyright Transfer Statement is signed or transferred electronically by the corresponding author. After submission of the Copyright Transfer Statement signed by the corresponding author, changes of authorship or in the order of the authors listed will not be accepted by Springer.

    The copyright to this article, including any graphic elements therein (e.g. illustrations, charts, moving images), is assigned for good and valuable consideration to Springer effective if and when the article is accepted for publication and to the extent assignable if assignability is restricted for by applicable law or regulations (e.g. for U.S. government or crown employees).

    The copyright assignment includes without limitation the exclusive, assignable and sublicensable right, unlimited in time and territory, to reproduce, publish, distribute, transmit, make available and store the article, including abstracts thereof, in all forms of media of expression now known or developed in the future, including pre- and reprints, translations, photographic reproductions and microform. Springer may use the article in whole or in part in electronic form, such as use in databases or data networks for display, print or download to stationary or portable devices. This includes interactive and multimedia use and the right to alter the article to the extent necessary for such use.

    Authors may self-archive the Author's accepted manuscript of their articles on their own websites. Authors may also deposit this version of the article in any repository, provided it is only made publicly available 12 months after official publication or later. He/she may not use the publisher's version (the final article), which is posted on SpringerLink and other Springer websites, for the purpose of self-archiving or deposit. Furthermore, the Author may only post his/her version provided acknowledgement is given to the original source of publication and a link is inserted to the published article on Springer's website. The link must be accompanied by the following text: "The final publication is available at link.springer.com".

    Prior versions of the article published on non-commercial pre-print servers like arXiv.org can remain on these servers and/or can be updated with Author's accepted version. The final published version (in pdf or html/xml format) cannot be used for this purpose. Acknowledgement needs to be given to the final publication and a link must be inserted to the published article on Springer's website, accompanied by the text "The final publication is available at link.springer.com". Author retains the right to use his/her article for his/her further scientific career by including the final published journal article in other publications such as dissertations and postdoctoral qualifications provided acknowledgement is given to the original source of publication.

    Author is requested to use the appropriate DOI for the article. Articles disseminated via link.springer.com are indexed, abstracted and referenced by many abstracting and information services, bibliographic networks, subscription agencies, library networks, and consortia.

    For Readers

    While the advice and information in this journal is believed to be true and accurate at the date of its publication, neither the authors, the editors, nor the publisher can accept any legal responsibility for any errors or omissions that may have been made. The publisher makes no warranty, express or implied, with respect to the material contained herein.

    All articles published in this journal are protected by copyright, which covers the exclusive rights to reproduce and distribute the article (e.g., as offprints), as well as all translation rights. No material published in this journal may be reproduced photographically or stored on microfilm, in electronic data bases, video disks, etc., without first obtaining written permission from the publisher (respective the copyright owner if other than Springer). The use of general descriptive names, trade names, trademarks, etc., in this publication, even if not specifically identified, does not imply that these names are not protected by the relevant laws and regulations.

    Springer has partnered with Copyright Clearance Center's RightsLink service to offer a variety of options for reusing Springer content. For permission to reuse our content please locate the material that you wish to use on link.springer.com or on springerimages.com and click on the permissions link or go to copyright.com, then enter the title of the publication that you wish to use. For assistance in placing a permission request, Copyright Clearance Center can be connected directly via phone: +1-855-239-3415, fax: +1-978-646-8600, or e-mail: info@copyright.com.

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