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Medicine - Cardiology & Angiology | Journal of Echocardiography - incl. option to publish open access

Journal of Echocardiography

Journal of Echocardiography

Editor-in-Chief: Kazuaki Tanabe

ISSN: 1349-0222 (print version)
ISSN: 1880-344X (electronic version)

Journal no. 12574

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Instructions for Authors

Journal of Echocardiography

(Revised 23 April 2015)

General information 

The Journal of Echocardiography publishes articles on topics pertaining to echocardiography and vascular ultrasonic examination. All communications regarding the editorial management of the journal should be electronically sent to the editorial office. The Journal of Echocardiography is the official publication of the Japanese Society of Echocardiography. All articles are reviewed by two or more referees, and acceptance is based on significance, originality, and validity of the material presented.
Categories of articles. Five categories of articles will be considered for publication in the journal: Original investigations, Review articles, Case image in cardiovascular ultrasound, Letters to the editor, and Editorials.
Original investigations. Articles should have the following format: 1) title page, 2) abstract (maximum 250 words), presenting essential data in four paragraphs introduced by the following headings in this order: Background, Methods, Results, Conclusions, 3) four to six keywords 4) text, 5) references, 6) tables, 7) figure captions (legends), and 8) figures.
Review articles. Articles should have the following format: 1) title page, 2) abstract (maximum 250 words), 3) four to six keywords, 4) text (4000 words or less), 5) references, 6) tables (maximum five), 7) figure captions, and 8) figures (maximum five).
Case image in cardiovascular ultrasound. Ultrasound images that illustrate important findings of special interest on a particular subject or a case study. The maximum number of authors should be seven (7). Articles should have the following format: 1) title page, 2) text (maximum 400 words), 3) references (maximum five), 4) figure (maximum one, which may contain more than one element), and 5) figure caption.
Letters to the editor. Brief letters or notes to the editor.
Editorials. Brief, substantiated commentary on special subjects.

Manuscript submission 

The manuscripts should be accompanied by a cover letter stating: that the work described has not been published before; that it is not under consideration for publication anywhere else; that its publication has been approved by all co-authors, if any, as well as by the responsible authorities – tacitly or explicitly – at the institute where this work has been carried out. The publisher will not be held legally responsible should there be any claims for compensation.
Before submitting work for publication, authors whose first language is not English should seek the assistance of a colleague who is a native speaker of English and is familiar with the field of work.
The certification form must be submitted to the journal’s editorial office by uploading it as a PDF file when you submit your manuscript via Editorial Manager.
IMPORTANT: Upon receipt of the Certification for Manuscript Submission, manuscripts are officially recognized as submissions.
  • Permissions
Authors wishing to include figures, tables, or text passages that have already been published elsewhere are required to obtain permission from the copyright owner(s) and to attach the permission when submitting their papers. Any material received without such evidence will be assumed to originate from the authors.
  • Online submission
Authors should submit their manuscripts online. Connect directly to the site and upload all of your manuscript files following the instructions given on the screen.
  • Title page
The title page should include:
-A concise and informative title
-The name(s) of the author(s)
-The affiliation(s) and address(es) of the author(s)
-The e-mail address, telephone and fax numbers of the corresponding author
  • Text formatting
Manuscripts should be submitted in Word.
•Use a normal, plain font (e.g., 10-point Times Roman) for text.
•Use italics for emphasis.
•Do not use double-byte characters.
•Use the automatic page-numbering function to number the pages in the bottom margin (footer).
•Do not use field functions.
•Use tab stops or other commands for indents, not the space bar.
•Use the table function, not spreadsheets, to make tables.
•Use the equation editor or MathType for equations.
  • Headings
Use no more than three levels of displayed headings.
  • Abbreviations
Abbreviations should be defined at first mention and used consistently thereafter.
  • Acknowledgments
Acknowledgments of people, grants, funds, etc. should be placed in a separate section before the reference list. The names of funding organizations should be written in full.
  • Terminology
•Always use internationally accepted signs and symbols for units (SI units).
•Use generic names of drugs and pesticides.
•Use the standard mathematical notation for formulae, symbols etc.: Italic for single letters that denote mathematical constants, variables, and unknown quantities. Roman/upright for numerals, operators, and punctuation, and commonly defined functions or abbreviations, e.g., cos, det, e or exp, lim, log, max, min, sin, tan, d (for derivative). Bold for vectors, tensors, and matrices.
  • Citation
Reference citations in the text should be identified by numbers in square brackets.
1. Negotiation research spans many disciplines [3].
2. This effect has been widely studied [1-3, 7].
  • Reference list
The list of references should only include works that are cited in the text and that have been published or accepted for publication. Personal communications and unpublished works should only be mentioned in the text. Do not use footnotes or endnotes as a substitute for a reference list.
The entries in the list should be numbered consecutively. For each entry, list up to three authors and then use "et al."
•Journal article
Smith JJ. The world of science. Am J Sci. 1999;36:234–5.
•Article by DOI
Slifka MK, Whitton JL. Clinical implications of dysregulated cytokine production. J Mol Med. 2000. doi:10.1007/s001090000086.
Blenkinsopp A, Paxton P. Symptoms in the pharmacy: a guide to the management of common illness. 3rd ed. Oxford: Blackwell Science; 1998.
•Book chapter
Wyllie AH, Kerr JFR, Currie AR. Cell death: the significance of apoptosis. In: Bourne GH, Danielli JF, Jeon KW, editors. International review of cytology. London: Academic; 1980. p. 251–306.
•Online document
Doe J. Title of subordinate document. In: The dictionary of substances and their effects. Royal Society of Chemistry. 1999. http://www.rsc.org/dose/title of subordinate document. Accessed 15 Jan 1999.
Always use the standard abbreviation of a journal’s name according to the ISSN List of Title Word Abbreviations, available at http://www.issn.org/2-22660-LTWA.php
  • Tables
•All tables are to be numbered using Arabic numerals.
•Tables should always be cited in text in consecutive numerical order.
•For each table, supply a table title that explains the components clearly and concisely.
•Identify any previously published material by giving the original source in the form of a reference at the end of the table title.
•Footnotes to tables should be indicated by superscript lowercase letters (or asterisks for significance values and other statistical data) and included beneath the table body.
•All abbreviations used in tables should be explained in footnotes.
  • Figures
Figures must clearly support the content of the article.
•Supply all figures in one of the following formats: TIFF, JPEG, EPS, PDF, Word, Excel, PowerPoint. For detailed instructions in preparing figures electronically, follow the link (http://www.springer.com/12574) to the specific instructions for artwork.
•Do not include titles or captions in your figures (they should be included at the end of the main text).
•Name your figure files with "Fig" and the figure number, e.g., Fig1.eps.
  • Color art
•Use of color art is free of charge both in print and online.
•Color illustrations should be submitted as RGB (8 bits per channel).
  • Figure numbering
•All figures are to be numbered using Arabic numerals.
•Figures should always be cited in the text in consecutive numerical order.
•Figure parts should be denoted by lowercase letters (a, b, c, etc.). If illustrations are supplied with uppercase labeling, lowercase letters will still be used in the figure captions and citations.
•If an appendix appears in your article and it contains one or more figures, continue the consecutive numbering of the main text. Do not number the appendix figures, "A1, A2, A3, etc."
  • Figure captions
•Each figure should have a concise caption describing accurately what the figure depicts.
•Figure captions begin with the term Fig. in bold type, followed by the figure number, also in bold type.
•No punctuation is to be included after the number, nor is any punctuation to be placed at the end of the caption.
•Identify previously published material by giving the original source in the form of a reference citation at the end of the figure caption.
  • Electronic supplementary material
If electronic supplementary material (ESM) is submitted, it will be published, as received from the author, in the online version only. ESM may consist of
•information that cannot be printed: animations, video clips, sound recordings, etc.
•information that is more convenient in electronic form: sequences, spectral data, etc.
•large amounts of original data, additional tables, illustrations, etc.
The text must make specific mention of any ESM in a citation, similar to that for figures and tables (e.g., “as shown in Animation 3.”). For details on formats and other information, follow the link (http://www.springer.com/12574) to the specific instructions for electronic supplementary material.
  • Manuscript revision
If you are asked to revise your paper, please submit it in a Word file (pdf file is not acceptable). When preparing your revised manuscript, you should carefully consider the reviewers' comments, and submit a list of point-by-point responses to the comments. Your list of responses should be included in the cover letter and uploaded as a separate file in addition to your revised manuscript. In the revised manuscript, use the “Track Changes” (Henkourireki no kiroku) function of Microsoft Word to show the revision history to indicate revisions/additions/deletions. Do not use a strikethrough to show those changes.

Integrity of Research and Reporting 

  • Ethical standards
Journal of Echocardiography has adopted the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts (URM) established by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (http://www.icmje.org/). The editors reserve the right to reject manuscripts that do not comply with the below-mentioned requirements. The author will be held responsible for false statements or failure to fulfill the below-mentioned requirements.
  • Conflict of interest (COI)
When authors submit a manuscript, they are responsible for disclosing all financial and personal relationships that might bias their work. To prevent ambiguity, authors must state explicitly whether potential conflicts do or do not exist. Each author must complete and submit a COI disclosure form, and the corresponding author should submit all the COI disclosure forms when submitting a manuscript. This form can be obtained from http://www.springer.com/journal/12574/. Each author must indicate whether or not they have a financial relationship with any organization that sponsored the research, or is associated with any product or procedure that is mentioned in the article. For each source of funds, both the research funder and the grant number should be given. The form must be submitted to the journal’s editorial office by uploading it as a PDF file.
Conflict of interest statements should be present on every manuscript before the References section. The statements should list each author separately by name. Sample wording is as follows:
•Conflict of interest: John Smith declares that he has no conflict of interest. Paula Taylor has received research grants from Drug Company A. Mike Schultz has received a speaker honorarium from Drug Company B and owns stock in Drug Company C.
If multiple authors declare no conflict, this can be done in one sentence:
•Conflict of interest: John Smith, Paula Taylor, and Mike Schultz declare that they have no conflict of interest.
  • Human rights statements and informed consent
For studies with human subjects, include the following statement before the References section:
•Human rights statements and informed consent: All procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional and national) and with the Helsinki Declaration of 1964 and later versions. Informed consent was obtained from all patients for being included in the study.
If doubt exists whether the research was conducted in accordance with the Helsinki Declaration, the authors must explain the rationale for their approach, and demonstrate that the institutional review body explicitly approved the doubtful aspects of the study.
Identifying information of patients of human subjects, including names, initials, addresses, admission dates, hospital numbers, or any other data that might identify patients should not be published in written descriptions, photographs, or pedigrees unless the information is essential for scientific purposes and the patient (or parent guardian) gives written informed consent for publication. If any identifying information about patients is included in the article, the following sentence should also be included:
•Additional informed consent was obtained from all patients for which identifying information is included in this article.
  • Animal studies
For studies with animals, include the following sentence before the References section:
•Animal studies: All institutional and national guidelines for the care and use of laboratory animals were followed.
For articles that do not contain studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors, while it is not absolutely necessary, we recommend to include the following sentence, just to make sure that readers are aware that there are no ethical issues with human or animal subjects:
•Human/Animal Rights: This article does not contain any studies with human or animal subjects performed by any of the authors.

Open Choice 

Open Choice allows you to publish open access in more than 1850 Springer Nature journals, making your research more visible and accessible immediately on publication.
Article processing charges (APCs) vary by journal – view the full list
  • Increased researcher engagement: Open Choice enables access by anyone with an internet connection, immediately on publication.
  • Higher visibility and impact: In Springer hybrid journals, OA articles are accessed 4 times more often on average, and cited 1.7 more times on average*.
  • Easy compliance with funder and institutional mandates: Many funders require open access publishing, and some take compliance into account when assessing future grant applications.
It is easy to find funding to support open access – please see our funding and support pages for more information.
*) Within the first three years of publication. Springer Nature hybrid journal OA impact analysis, 2018.

Copyright and license term – CC BY

Open Choice articles do not require transfer of copyright as the copyright remains with the author. In opting for open access, the author(s) agree to publish the article under the Creative Commons Attribution License.

Ethical Responsibilities of Authors 

This journal is committed to upholding the integrity of the scientific record. As a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) the journal will follow the COPE guidelines on how to deal with potential acts of misconduct.
Authors should refrain from misrepresenting research results which could damage the trust in the journal, the professionalism of scientific authorship, and ultimately the entire scientific endeavour. Maintaining integrity of the research and its presentation is helped by following the rules of good scientific practice, which include*:
  • The manuscript should not be submitted to more than one journal for simultaneous consideration.
  • The submitted work should be original and should not have been published elsewhere in any form or language (partially or in full), unless the new work concerns an expansion of previous work. (Please provide transparency on the re-use of material to avoid the concerns about text-recycling (‘self-plagiarism’).
  • A single study should not be split up into several parts to increase the quantity of submissions and submitted to various journals or to one journal over time (i.e. ‘salami-slicing/publishing’).
  • Concurrent or secondary publication is sometimes justifiable, provided certain conditions are met. Examples include: translations or a manuscript that is intended for a different group of readers.
  • Results should be presented clearly, honestly, and without fabrication, falsification or inappropriate data manipulation (including image based manipulation). Authors should adhere to discipline-specific rules for acquiring, selecting and processing data.
  • No data, text, or theories by others are presented as if they were the author’s own (‘plagiarism’). Proper acknowledgements to other works must be given (this includes material that is closely copied (near verbatim), summarized and/or paraphrased), quotation marks (to indicate words taken from another source) are used for verbatim copying of material, and permissions secured for material that is copyrighted.
Important note: the journal may use software to screen for plagiarism.
  • Authors should make sure they have permissions for the use of software, questionnaires/(web) surveys and scales in their studies (if appropriate).
  • Authors should avoid untrue statements about an entity (who can be an individual person or a company) or descriptions of their behavior or actions that could potentially be seen as personal attacks or allegations about that person.
  • Research that may be misapplied to pose a threat to public health or national security should be clearly identified in the manuscript (e.g. dual use of research). Examples include creation of harmful consequences of biological agents or toxins, disruption of immunity of vaccines, unusual hazards in the use of chemicals, weaponization of research/technology (amongst others).
  • Authors are strongly advised to ensure the author group, the Corresponding Author, and the order of authors are all correct at submission. Adding and/or deleting authors during the revision stages is generally not permitted, but in some cases may be warranted. Reasons for changes in authorship should be explained in detail. Please note that changes to authorship cannot be made after acceptance of a manuscript.
*All of the above are guidelines and authors need to make sure to respect third parties rights such as copyright and/or moral rights.
Upon request authors should be prepared to send relevant documentation or data in order to verify the validity of the results presented. This could be in the form of raw data, samples, records, etc. Sensitive information in the form of confidential or proprietary data is excluded.
If there is suspicion of misbehavior or alleged fraud the Journal and/or Publisher will carry out an investigation following COPE guidelines. If, after investigation, there are valid concerns, the author(s) concerned will be contacted under their given e-mail address and given an opportunity to address the issue. Depending on the situation, this may result in the Journal’s and/or Publisher’s implementation of the following measures, including, but not limited to:
  • If the manuscript is still under consideration, it may be rejected and returned to the author.
  • If the article has already been published online, depending on the nature and severity of the infraction:
    - an erratum/correction may be placed with the article
    - an expression of concern may be placed with the article
    - or in severe cases retraction of the article may occur.
The reason will be given in the published erratum/correction, expression of concern or retraction note. Please note that retraction means that the article is maintained on the platform, watermarked “retracted” and the explanation for the retraction is provided in a note linked to the watermarked article.
  • The author’s institution may be informed
  • A notice of suspected transgression of ethical standards in the peer review system may be included as part of the author’s and article’s bibliographic record.

Fundamental errors

Authors have an obligation to correct mistakes once they discover a significant error or inaccuracy in their published article. The author(s) is/are requested to contact the journal and explain in what sense the error is impacting the article. A decision on how to correct the literature will depend on the nature of the error. This may be a correction or retraction. The retraction note should provide transparency which parts of the article are impacted by the error.

Suggesting / excluding reviewers

Authors are welcome to suggest suitable reviewers and/or request the exclusion of certain individuals when they submit their manuscripts. When suggesting reviewers, authors should make sure they are totally independent and not connected to the work in any way. It is strongly recommended to suggest a mix of reviewers from different countries and different institutions. When suggesting reviewers, the Corresponding Author must provide an institutional email address for each suggested reviewer, or, if this is not possible to include other means of verifying the identity such as a link to a personal homepage, a link to the publication record or a researcher or author ID in the submission letter. Please note that the Journal may not use the suggestions, but suggestions are appreciated and may help facilitate the peer review process.

After acceptance 

During the production phase the following issues need to be clarified at the time you receive the article’s proofs.
  • Open Choice
In addition to the normal publication process (whereby an article is submitted to the journal and access to that article is granted to customers who have purchased a subscription), Springer now provides an alternative publishing option: Springer Open Choice. A Springer Open Choice article receives all the benefits of a regular subscription-based article, but in addition is made available publicly through Springer’s online platform SpringerLink.
  • Copyright transfer
Authors will be asked to transfer copyright of the article to the Japanese Society of Echocardiography (or grant the publisher exclusive publication and dissemination rights). This will ensure the widest possible protection and dissemination of information under copyright laws. Open Choice articles do not require transfer of copyright as the copyright remains with the author. In opting for open access, authors agree to the Springer Open Choice License.
  • Offprints
Offprints can be ordered by the corresponding author.
  • Proofreading
The purpose of the proof is to check for typesetting or conversion errors and the completeness and accuracy of the text, tables, and figures. Substantial changes in content, e.g., new results, corrected values, title, and authorship, are not allowed without the approval of the editor. After online publication, further changes can only be made in the form of an erratum, which will be hyperlinked to the article.
  • Online First
The article will be published online after receipt of the corrected proofs. This is the official first publication citable with the DOI. After release of the printed version, the paper can also be cited by issue and page numbers.

Read this Journal on Springerlink

For authors and editors

  • Aims and Scope

    Aims and Scope


    The Journal of Echocardiography, the official journal of the Japanese Society of Echocardiography, publishes work that contributes to progress in the field and articles in clinical research as well, seeking to develop a new focus and new perspectives for all who are concerned with this discipline. The journal welcomes original investigations, review articles, letters to the editor, editorials, and case image in cardiovascular ultrasound, which will be reviewed by the editorial board. The Journal of Echocardiography provides the best of up-to-date information from around the world, presenting readers with high-impact, original work focusing on pivotal issues.

  • Submit Online
  • Open Choice - Your Way to Open Access
  • Instructions for Authors

    Instructions for Authors


  • Certification & COI forms (pdf, 262 kB)
  • English Language Editing

    English Language Editing


  • Author Academy: Training for Authors
  • Copyright Information

    Copyright Information


    Copyright information

    For Authors

    Submission of a manuscript implies: that the work described has not been published before (except in form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture, review or thesis); that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere; that its publication has been approved by all co-authors, if any, as well as – tacitly or explicitly – by the responsible authorities at the institution where the work was carried out.

    Author warrants (i) that he/she is the sole owner or has been authorized by any additional copyright owner to assign the right, (ii) that the article does not infringe any third party rights and no license from or payments to a third party is required to publish the article and (iii) that the article has not been previously published or licensed. The author signs for and accepts responsibility for releasing this material on behalf of any and all co-authors. Transfer of copyright to the Japanese Society of Echocardiography becomes effective if and when a Copyright Transfer Statement is signed or transferred electronically by the corresponding author. After submission of the Copyright Transfer Statement signed by the corresponding author, changes of authorship or in the order of the authors listed will not be accepted by Springer.

    The copyright to this article, including any graphic elements therein (e.g. illustrations, charts, moving images), is assigned for good and valuable consideration to Japanese Society of Echocardiography effective if and when the article is accepted for publication and to the extent assignable if assignability is restricted for by applicable law or regulations (e.g. for U.S. government or crown employees).

    The copyright assignment includes without limitation the exclusive, assignable and sublicensable right, unlimited in time and territory, to reproduce, publish, distribute, transmit, make available and store the article, including abstracts thereof, in all forms of media of expression now known or developed in the future, including pre- and reprints, translations, photographic reproductions and microform. Springer may use the article in whole or in part in electronic form, such as use in databases or data networks for display, print or download to stationary or portable devices. This includes interactive and multimedia use and the right to alter the article to the extent necessary for such use.

    Authors may self-archive the Author’s accepted manuscript of their articles on their own websites. Authors may also deposit this version of the article in any repository, provided it is only made publicly available 12 months after official publication or later. He/she may not use the publisher's version (the final article), which is posted on SpringerLink and other Springer websites, for the purpose of self-archiving or deposit. Furthermore, the Author may only post his/her version provided acknowledgement is given to the original source of publication and a link is inserted to the published article on Springer's website. The link must be accompanied by the following text: "The final publication is available at link.springer.com”.

    Prior versions of the article published on non-commercial pre-print servers like arXiv.org can remain on these servers and/or can be updated with Author's accepted version. The final published version (in pdf or html/xml format) cannot be used for this purpose. Acknowledgement needs to be given to the final publication and a link must be inserted to the published article on Springer's website, accompanied by the text "The final publication is available at link.springer.com". Author retains the right to use his/her article for his/her further scientific career by including the final published journal article in other publications such as dissertations and postdoctoral qualifications provided acknowledgement is given to the original source of publication.

    Author is requested to use the appropriate DOI for the article. Articles disseminated via springer.link.com are indexed, abstracted and referenced by many abstracting and information services, bibliographic networks, subscription agencies, library networks, and consortia.

    For Readers

    While the advice and information in this journal is believed to be true and accurate at the date of its publication, neither the authors, the editors, nor the publisher can accept any legal responsibility for any errors or omissions that may have been made. The publisher makes no warranty, express or implied, with respect to the material contained herein.

    All articles published in this journal are protected by copyright, which covers the exclusive rights to reproduce and distribute the article (e.g., as offprints), as well as all translation rights. No material published in this journal may be reproduced photographically or stored on microfilm, in electronic data bases, video disks, etc., without first obtaining written permission from Japanese Society of Echocardiography. The use of general descriptive names, trade names, trademarks, etc., in this publication, even if not specifically identified, does not imply that these names are not protected by the relevant laws and regulations.

    Springer has partnered with Copyright Clearance Center’s RightsLink service to offer a variety of options for reusing Springer content. For permission to reuse our content please locate the material that you wish to use on SpringerLink.com or on SpringerImages.com and click on the permissions link or go to copyright.com and enter the title of the publication that you wish to use. For assistance in placing a permission request, Copyright Clearance Center can be connected directly via phone: +1-855-239-3415, fax: +1-978-646-8600, or e-mail: info@copyright.com.


    © Japanese Society of Echocardiography

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