History of Chemistry

The Synthetic Nitrogen Industry in World War I

Its Emergence and Expansion

Authors: Travis, Anthony S.

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  • Describes the effects of wartime requirements for unprecedented amounts of explosives on German chemical research and industry during World War I
  • Illustrates the historical development of all major processes aimed at nitrogen fixation for peacetime and military use
  • Delineates the critical roles of Fritz Haber, Carl Bosch and other German chemists in the first modern military-industrial complex
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About this book

This concise brief describes how the demands of World War I, often referred to as the Chemists’ War, led to the rapid emergence of a new key industry based on fixation of atmospheric nitrogen. Then, as now, nitrogen products, including nitric acid, and nitrates, were essential for both fertilizers and in the manufacture of modern explosives. During the first decade of the twentieth century, this stimulated research into and application of novel processes. This book illustrates how from late 1914 the relations and developments in the first modern military-industrial complex enabled the great capital expenditures and technological advances that accelerated massive expansion, particularly of the BASF Haber-Bosch high-pressure process, that determined the direction of the post-war chemical industry. 

About the authors

Anthony S. Travis, PhD, is deputy director of Sidney M. Edelstein Center for the History and Philosophy of Science, Technology and Medicine at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. He has published extensively on the history of chemical technology in the 19th and 20th centuries. Currently he is undertaking research into the life of the British chemist Raphael Meldola, a close friend of Heinrich Caro and other leading German chemists, as well as of Charles Darwin. He is recipient of the American Chemical Society's History of Chemistry Division 2007 Edelstein Award in the history of chemistry.

Table of contents (6 chapters)

Table of contents (6 chapters)

Buy this book

eBook $54.99
price for Mexico
  • ISBN 978-3-319-19357-1
  • Digitally watermarked, DRM-free
  • Included format: EPUB, PDF
  • ebooks can be used on all reading devices
  • Immediate eBook download after purchase
Softcover $69.99
price for Mexico
  • ISBN 978-3-319-19356-4
  • Free shipping for individuals worldwide
  • Institutional customers should get in touch with their account manager
  • Covid-19 shipping restrictions
  • Usually ready to be dispatched within 3 to 5 business days, if in stock
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Bibliographic Information

Bibliographic Information
Book Title
The Synthetic Nitrogen Industry in World War I
Book Subtitle
Its Emergence and Expansion
Authors
Series Title
History of Chemistry
Copyright
2015
Publisher
Springer International Publishing
Copyright Holder
The Author(s)
eBook ISBN
978-3-319-19357-1
DOI
10.1007/978-3-319-19357-1
Softcover ISBN
978-3-319-19356-4
Series ISSN
2212-991X
Edition Number
1
Number of Pages
IX, 163
Number of Illustrations
50 b/w illustrations, 16 illustrations in colour
Topics