Editors

Editor-in-Chief
Julie Ann Sosa, MD, San Francisco, CA, USA

Managing Editor
Laura Shearer, Portland, OR, USA

Associate Editors

Nancy Baxter, Melbourne, Australia
Timothy Hardcastle, Durban, South Africa
Hitoshi Katai, Tokyo, Japan
Anthony Kim, Los Angeles, CA, USA
Charles Mock, Seattle, WA, USA
Rowan Parks, Edinburgh, United Kingdom
Janice Pasieka (IAES), Calgary, Alberta, Canada
Danny Rosin, Tel Aviv, Israel
Olivier Soubrane, Clichy, France
David Watson, Bedford Park, Australia
Sandra Wong, Lebanon, NH, USA
Cheng-Har Yip, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Special Features and Innovation Editor
and Ombuds for Diversity, Equality and Inclusion

Sanziana Roman, San Francisco, USA

Statistical Consultant

Ann Lazar, San Francisco, CA, USA

Editorial Consultant

Ruben Cham, Puerto Vallarta, Mexico

Visual Abstract Editors

Mohammad Ali Abbass, Evanston, IL, USA
Hari B. Keshava, Irvine, CA, USA

Editorial Board

Ahmed Abou-Zamzam, Loma Linda, CA, USA
Hasan Alam, Boston, MA, USA
Adnan Alseidi, San Francisco, CA, USA
Yvette Andersson, Vasteras, Sweden
Shmuel Avital, Kfar-Saba, Israel
Chad Ball, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
Zsolt Balogh, Newcastle, Australia
Marcin Barczynski, Krakow, Poland
Carlton Barnett, Denver, CO, USA
S. George Barreto, Adelaide, Australia
Hassan Batirel, Istanbul, Turkey
Stephen Bickler, San Diego, CA, USA
Kenneth Boffard, Johannesburg, South Africa
L.D. Britt, Norfolk, VA, USA
Ines Buccimazza, Durban, South Africa
Markus W. Büchler, Heidelberg, Germany
Ruth Bush, Temple, TX, USA
Denise Carneiro-Pla, Charleston, SC, USA
Angelo Carretta, Milan, Italy
Sally Carty, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
Francois Cauchy, Paris, France
Andrew Chang, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
Mark Cheetham, Shrewsbury, United Kingdom
Alain Chichom-Mefire, Yaoundé, Cameroon
Shah Hwa Chou, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
Kathryn Chu, Cape Town, South Africa
Danny Chu, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
Ian Civil, Auckland, New Zealand
D. L. Clarke, Pietermaritzburg, South Africa
Hiram Cody, New York, NY, USA
Raul Coimbra, San Diego, CA, USA
Sayandev DasGupta, Kolkata, India
Andrew DeBeaux, Edinburgh, Scotland
Rochelle Dicker, Los Angeles, CA, USA
Daniel Dindo, Zurich, Switzerland
Sebastian Ekenze, Enugu, Nigeria
Elisabeth Edstrom Elder, Westmead, Australia
Seraina Faes, Lausanne, Switzerland
Liane Feldman, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Tamara Fitzgerald, Durham, NC, USA
Takeo Fukagawa, Tokyo, Japan
David Fuks, Clichy, France
Markus Furrer, Chur, Switzerland
Michel Gagner, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Robert Goldman, Portland, OR, USA
Adam Gyedu, Kumasi, Ghana
Larry Hadley, Durban, South Africa
Julie Hallet, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Zane Hammoud, Indianapolis, IN, U.S.A.
Robert van Haren, Cincinnate, OH, USA
Peter Henke, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
Miguel Herrera, Mexico City, MX
Andrew Hill, Auckland, New Zealand
Tom Horan, Brasilia, Brazil
Martin Hubner, Lausanne, Switzerland
Richard Hummel, Lubek, Germany
Seiji Ito, Nagoya, Aichi, Japan
Jacob R. Izbicki, Hamburg, Germany
Samir Johna, Fontana, CA, USA
Bellal Joseph, Tucson, AZ, USA
Lillian Kao, Houston, TX, USA
Kristia Kaups, Fresno, CA, USA
Christop Kettelhack, Basel, Switzerland
Saboor Khan, Coventry, United Kingdom
Yasuhiro Kodera, Nagoya, Japan
Norihiro Kokudo, Tokyo, Japan
Jennifer Kuo, New York, NY, USA
Brian Lang, Hong Kong, China
Rifat Latifi, Tucson, AZ, USA
Simon Law, Hong Kong, China
Peter Licht, Odense, Denmark
Olle Ljungqvist, Orebro, Sweden
Dileep Lobo, Nottingham, United Kingdom
Carrie Lubitz, Boston, MA, USA
Gael MacLean, Oxford, United Kingdom
Ronald Maier, Seattle, WA, USA
Haggi Mazeh, Jerusalem, Israel
Kelly McQueen, Madison, WI, USA
Sakaris Meterissian, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Barbra Miller, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
Julie Miller, Parkville, Australia 
Paul Naess, Olso, Norway
Masato Nagino, Nahoya, Japan
Marco Patti, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
Timothy Pawlik, Columbus, OH, USA
Graeme Pitcher, Iowa City, IA, USA
Jean Marc Reimbeau, Amiens, France
John Reynolds, Dublin, Ireland
Henry Rice, Durham, NC, USA
Ross Roberts, Christchurch, New Zealand
Nobhojit Roy, Mumbai, India
Alvaro Sanabria, Bogota, Columbia
Thomas Scalea, Baltimore, MD, USA
Markus Schaefer, Zurich, Switzerland
Lillian Schwarz, Rouen, France
Jonathon Serpell, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Mark Shrime, Boston, MA, USA
Carmen Solórzano, Nashville, TN, USA
Cosimo Sperti, Padova, Italy
Daniel Steinemann, Basel, Switzerland
Barclay Stewart, Seattle, WA USA
Andrew Tambryraja, Edinburgh, United Kingdom
Masamori Terashima, Shizouka, Japan
Sarah Thompson, Adelaide, SA Australia
Selman Uranues, Graz, Austria
Jan van Lanschot, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
Menno Vriens, Utrecht, Netherlands
Danielle Walsh, Greenville, NC, USA
Tracy S. Wang, Milwaukee, WI, USA
David Watters, Geelong, Australia
Michaela West, Minneapolis, MN, USA
Mathias Worni, Bern, Switzerland
Sherry Wren, Palo Alto, CA, USA
Heather Yeo, New York, NY, USA
Linwah Yip, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
Tomoaki Yoh, Kyoto, Japan
Takaki Yoshikawa, Yokohama, Japan
Omar Youssef, Cairo, Egypt
Victor Zaydfudim, Charlottesville, VA, USA
Urs Zingg, Zurich, Switzerland

Editors-in-Chief, Emeriti

Marshall J. Orloff, San Diego, USA (Volumes 1-4)
James D. Hardy (deceased), Jackson, USA (Volumes 5 and 6)
Samuel A. Wells, St.Louis, USA (Volumes 7-16)
Ronald K. Tompkins, Los Angeles, USA (Volumes 17-28)
John G. Hunter, Portland, USA (Volumes 29-41)

Editorial Office

(The Editorial Office handles manuscript-related inquiries only)

World Journal Surgery Editorial Office
2541 SW Montgomery Drive
Portland, Oregon 97201
Tel: (971) 275-2918, Fax: (503) 274-9433
e-mail: worldjsurg@ohsu.edu