Editors

Editor-in-Chief
Julie Ann Sosa, MD, San Francisco, CA, USA


Special Features and Innovation Editor

and Ombuds for Diversity, Equality and Inclusion
Sanziana Roman, San Francisco, CA USA

Managing Editor
Laura Shearer, Portland, OR, USA

wjs@iss-sic.com 

Associate Managing Editor
Ruben Cham, Puerto Vallarta, Mexico

Associate Editors
Nancy Baxter, Melbourne, Australia
Adam Gyedu, Kumasi, Ghana
Timothy Hardcastle, Durban, South Africa
Hitoshi Katai, Tokyo, Japan
Anthony Kim, Los Angeles, CA, USA
Michelle de Oliveira, Zurich, Switzerland
Rowan Parks, Edinburgh, United Kingdom
Janice Pasieka (IAES), Calgary, Alberta, Canada
Danny Rosin, Tel Aviv, Israel
David Watson, Bedford Park, Australia
Sandra Wong, Lebanon, NH, USA
Cheng-Har Yip, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Statistical Consultant
Ann Lazar, San Francisco, CA, USA

Visual Abstract Editors
Keith Hansen, San Francisco, CA, USA
Caroline Melhado, San Francisco, CA, USA

Editorial Board
Ahmed Abou-Zamzam, Loma Linda, CA, USA
Adnan Alseidi, San Francisco, CA, USA
Yvette Andersson, Vasteras, Sweden
Emmanuel Ameh, Abuja, Nigeria
Shmuel Avital, Kfar-Saba, Israel
Chad Ball, Calgary, Alberta, Canada
Zsolt Balogh, Newcastle, Australia
Tahmina Banu, Chittagong , Bangladesh
Marcin Barczynski, Krakow, Poland
Carlton Barnett, Denver, CO, USA
S. George Barreto, Adelaide, Australia
Hassan Batirel, Istanbul, Turkey
Stephen Bickler, San Diego, CA, USA
Kenneth Boffard, Johannesburg, South Africa
L.D. Britt, Norfolk, VA, USA
Ines Buccimazza, Durban, South Africa
Markus W. Büchler, Heidelberg, Germany
Ruth Bush, Temple, TX, USA
Denise Carneiro-Pla, Charleston, SC, USA
Angelo Carretta, Milan, Italy
Sally Carty, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
Francois Cauchy, Paris, France
Tiffany Chao, Stanford, California, USA
Tyler Chesney, Toronto, Canada
Alain Chichom-Mefire, Yaoundé, Cameroon
Shah Hwa Chou, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
Kathryn Chu, Cape Town, South Africa
Danny Chu, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
Ian Civil, Auckland, New Zealand
D. L. Clarke, Pietermaritzburg, South Africa
Hiram Cody, New York, NY, USA
Raul Coimbra, San Diego, CA, USA
Sayandev DasGupta, Kolkata, India
Andrew DeBeaux, Edinburgh, Scotland
Rochelle Dicker, Los Angeles, CA, USA
Daniel Dindo, Zurich, Switzerland
Sameh Emile, Mansoura, Egypt
Seraina Faes, Lausanne, Switzerland
Liane Feldman, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Tamara Fitzgerald, Durham, NC, USA
Takeo Fukagawa, Tokyo, Japan
David Fuks, Clichy, France
Markus Furrer, Chur, Switzerland
Michel Gagner, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Robert Goldman, Portland, OR, USA
Fabian Grass, Lausanne , Switzerland

Larry Hadley, Durban, South Africa
Julie Hallet, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Zane Hammoud, Indianapolis, IN, U.S.A.
Robert van Haren, Cincinnate, OH, USA
Peter Henke, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
Miguel Herrera, Mexico City, MX
Andrew Hill, Auckland, New Zealand
Tom Horan, Brasilia, Brazil
Martin Hubner, Lausanne, Switzerland
Richard Hummel, Lubek, Germany
Seiji Ito, Nagoya, Aichi, Japan
Samir Johna, Fontana, CA, USA
Bellal Joseph, Tucson, AZ, USA
Lillian Kao, Houston, TX, USA
Kristia Kaups, Fresno, CA, USA
Saboor Khan, Coventry, United Kingdom
Jennifer Kuo, New York, NY, USA
Ava Kwong, Hong Kong
Brian Lang, Hong Kong, China
Christine Laronga, Tampa, FL, USA
Rifat Latifi, Tucson, AZ, USA
Simon Law, Hong Kong, China
Peter Licht, Odense, Denmark
Olle Ljungqvist, Orebro, Sweden
Dileep Lobo, Nottingham, United Kingdom
Carrie Lubitz, Boston, MA, USA
Haggi Mazeh, Jerusalem, Israel
Kelly McQueen, Madison, WI, USA
Sakaris Meterissian, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Barbra Miller, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
Julie Miller, Parkville, Australia 
Paul Naess, Olso, Norway
Masato Nagino, Nahoya, Japan
Marco Patti, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
Timothy Pawlik, Columbus, OH, USA
George Rakovich, Montreal, Canada
John Reynolds, Dublin, Ireland
Henry Rice, Durham, NC, USA
Ross Roberts, Christchurch, New Zealand
Nobhojit Roy, Mumbai, India
Thomas Scalea, Baltimore, MD, USA
Markus Schaefer, Zurich, Switzerland
Lillian Schwarz, Rouen, France
Jonathon Serpell, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Satoshi Shiono, Yamagata , Japan
Mark Shrime, Boston, MA, USA
Carmen Solórzano, Nashville, TN, USA
Cosimo Sperti, Padova, Italy
Daniel Steinemann, Basel, Switzerland
Barclay Stewart, Seattle, WA USA
Andrew Tambryraja, Edinburgh, United Kingdom
Catherine Teh, Manilla, Philipines
Sarah Thomasset, London, United Kingdom
Sarah Thompson, Adelaide, SA Australia
Owen Ung, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
Selman Uranues, Graz, Austria
Menno Vriens, Utrecht, Netherlands
Danielle Walsh, Greenville, NC, USA
Tracy S. Wang, Milwaukee, WI, USA
David Watters, Geelong, Australia
Michaela West, Minneapolis, MN, USA
Matthew Wilson, Lebanon, NH, USA
Mathias Worni, Bern, Switzerland
Sherry Wren, Palo Alto, CA, USA
Hiroharu Yamashita, Tokyo, Japan
Heather Yeo, New York, NY, USA
Linwah Yip, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
Tomoaki Yoh, Kyoto, Japan
Takaki Yoshikawa, Yokohama, Japan
Victor Zaydfudim, Charlottesville, VA, USA
Urs Zingg, Zurich, Switzerland


Editors-in-Chief, Emeriti


Marshall J. Orloff, San Diego, USA (Volumes 1-4)
James D. Hardy (deceased), Jackson, USA (Volumes 5 and 6)
Samuel A. Wells, St.Louis, USA (Volumes 7-16)
Ronald K. Tompkins, Los Angeles, USA (Volumes 17-28)
John G. Hunter, Portland, USA (Volumes 29-41)

Editorial Office
 (The Editorial Office handles manuscript-related inquiries only)

World Journal Surgery Editorial Office
Portland, Oregon
USA Pacific Time Zone
Tel: (971) 275-2918,
Fax: (503) 274-9433
e-mail: wjs@iss-sic.com