Affiliation and Disclosure Statements

Stephan K. W. Schwarz, MD, PhD, FRCPC
Editor-in-Chief
Canadian Journal of Anesthesia

Professor and Dr. Jean Templeton Hugill Chair in Anesthesia Department of Anesthesiology, Pharmacology & Therapeutics The University of British Columbia
Areas of expertise/interest: Neuropharmacology (in particular, local anesthetic, analgesic, and general anesthetic neuropharmacology); whole-cell patch clamp brain slice electrophysiology; acute pain; regional anesthesia; general adult anesthesia; perioperative medicine; RCTs; and experimental design/analysis.
Competing interests: Dr. Schwarz is a past recipient of the Canadian Anesthesiologists' Society (CAS) Research Award, the CAS/Abbott Laboratories Ltd. Career Scientist Award in Anesthesia, and the CAS Research Award Neuroanesthesia in Memory of Adrienne Cheng. He has received research funding from the Canada Foundation for Innovation, the British Columbia Knowledge Development Fund, the Canadian Institutes of Health Research, the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, the Peter Wall Institute for Advanced Studies, the Dr. Jean Templeton Hugill Endowment for Anesthesia Memorial Fund (The University of British Columbia), and the St. Paul's Hospital Department of Anesthesia (Vancouver, B.C.). In 2007, he won a Pfizer Neuropathic Pain Research Award (independently peer-reviewed public operating grant competition sponsored by Pfizer Canada Inc.). For another investigator-initiated
curiosity-driven study, he received in 2013 an aliquot of pregabalin free of charge through a Pfizer Canada Compound Transfer Program application (Kirkland, Quebec, Canada). Dr. Schwarz has never been employed by any medical/biotechnology/pharmaceutical companies nor has he received personal honoraria, consulting fees, or other personal benefits from such commercial entities. On rare occasions, he has received a small honorarium for participation in online surveys solicited by market research firms. Dr. Schwarz has been advised by his investment manager that his discretionary portfolio may variably include holdings from the medical/biotechnology sectors; Dr. Schwarz similarly assumes that his university pension plan holdings may include variable positions from such sectors over time; none such holdings relate to his professional activities.
 

Philip M. Jones, MD, MSc (Clinical Trials), FRCPC
Deputy Editor-in-Chief
Canadian Journal of Anesthesia

Professor
Department of Anesthesia & Perioperative Medicine The University of Western Ontario
Professor
Department of Epidemiology & Biostatistics The University of Western Ontario
Member, Research Advisory Committee, Canadian Anesthesiologists' Society
Areas of research and clinical interest: Dr Jones has a clinical practice which is largely focussed on cardiac care. His research interests include pragmatic randomized clinical trials, cardiac anesthesia, clinical trial methodology & biostatistics, and perioperative medicine.
Competing interests: None.


Alana M. Flexman, MD, FRCPC
Associate Editor, Equity, Diversity, and Inclusivity
Canadian Journal of Anesthesia

Clinical Associate Professor, University of British Columbia (UBC) Head, Division of Neuroanesthesia
UBC Department of Anesthesiology, Pharmacology & Therapeutics and Vancouver Acute Department of Anesthesiology and Perioperative Care
Neuroanesthesia Section Head, Canadian Anesthesiologists’ Society
Board Member, Society for Neuroscience in Anesthesiology and Critical Care (SNACC)
Research interests: Clinical outcomes after neurosurgery and spine surgery, mentorship and diversity in anesthesiology.
Competing interests: Dr. Flexman has received research funding from the Canadian Anesthesiologists’ Society, Hospira, Inc., Vancouver Acute Department of Anesthesiology and Perioperative Care and one prior honorarium from Hospira, Inc.
 

Sangeeta Mehta, MD, FRCPC
Associate Editor (Critical Care)
Canadian Journal of Anesthesia

Critical Care Physician, Sinai Health System
Clinician Scientist, Lunenfeld Tanenbaum Research Institute Professor of Medicine, University of Toronto
Areas of research and clinical interest: Dr. Mehta is a Critical Care Physician in the Medical-Surgical ICU at Mount Sinai Hospital in Toronto, Ontario. Her research foci include the administration of sedation and analgesia, delirium, and restraint use in mechanically ventilated, critically ill patients; ICU care and outcomes of patients with hematologic malignancy and hematopoietic cell transplants; and diversity and equity in academic medicine.

Competing interests: None.
 

Sheila Riazi, MSc, MD, FRCPC
Associate Editor
Canadian Journal of Anesthesia

Associate Professor, Department of Anesthesiology, University of Toronto. Director, Malignant Hyperthermia investigation Unit, Toronto General Hospital. Affiliate Scientist, Toronto General Research Institute Member, Member of Board of
Directors and Research Advisory Committee, Malignant Hyperthermia Association of United States.
Member of scientific advisory board, RYR1 foundation.
Research interests: Malignant hyperthermia, skeletal muscle physiology, congenital myopathies and regional anesthesia.
Competing interests: None.
Disclosure: Received consulting fee from Norgine B.V.
 

Ronald B. George, MD, FRCPC
Associate Editor (Social Media)
Canadian Journal of Anesthesia

Professor, Clinical Anesthesia, University of California, San Francisco UCSF Department of Anesthesia and Perioperative Care
Research interests: Obstetrical Anesthesia, including labour analgesia, postoperative analgesia, acute pain, epidural anesthesia and analgesia, cesarean delivery, maternal health, global health, women’s rights to analgesia.
Competing interests: None.
 

Adriaan Van Rensburg, MB, ChB, MMED(ANES), FCA(SA), MD, FRCPC
CPD Editor
Canadian Journal of Anesthesia

Associate Professor
Department of Anesthesia, University of Toronto
Department of Anesthesia and Pain management, University Health Network Toronto General Hospital
Chair, Canadian Anesthesiologists Society Annual meeting.
Areas of interest: Clinical practice consists of anesthesia in the fields of cardiac, thoracic, vascular and major oncologic surgery and anesthesia for major solid organ transplantation (heart, lung, liver, kidney, pancreas). Practices in a very active perioperative echocardiography group. Clinical duties also include cardiovascular critical care.
Non-clinical interests in the area of continuing education and development.
Competing interest: Has acted as a consultant for Merck Canada on one occasion.
 

Étienne de Médicis, MD, MSc, FRCPC
French Language Editor
Canadian Journal of Anesthesia

Professeur d’enseignement clinique titulaire, département d’anesthésiologie, Université de Sherbrooke.
Vice-Chair, Research Advisory Committee, Canadian Anesthesiologists' Society and Member of the Canadian Anesthesiologists' Society Archives & Artifacts
Committee. Non-financial relationship with Merck. 

Areas of expertise: Chronic pain and cardiac anesthesia. 

Competing interests: None.
 

Virendra K. Arya, MBBS, MD, FRCPC
Editorial Board Member
Canadian Journal of Anesthesia

Professor of Anaesthesiology and Cardiac Anaesthesia, Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care
Room 4006, 4th Floor, Block-C, Advanced Cardiac Centre, PGIMER Chandigarh, India 160012
M: +91-9876644719
Visiting Professor Associated to University of Manitoba Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine Saint Boniface General Hospital, L2035, 409 Tache Avenue, Winnipeg, MB, Canada, R2H 2A6 M: +1-204-891-5671
E-mail: aryavk_99@yahoo.com
Areas of research & clinical interest: Dr Arya’s area of clinical work and research include cardiothoracic anesthesiology, transthoracic and transesophageal echocardiography. He has special interest in cardiovascular physiology, perioperative hemodynamics in congenital heart disease and in study of central neuraxial blocks associated hemodynamic alterations in congenital and acquired cardiac pathologies. In addition his research interest includes human behavior, non-technical skills and emotional intelligence in research and perioperative medicine.
Competing interests: None.


Mrinalini Balki, MBBS, MD 

Editorial Board Member
Canadian Journal of Anesthesia

Mount Sinai Hospital Toronto, Ontario
Associate Professor, Department of Anesthesia and Pain management, University of Toronto
Associate Professor, Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology (cross appointment), University of Toronto
Faculty Member, Wilson centre, University of Toronto
Faculty Member, SimSinai, Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto, Ontario
Senior Clinician Scientist, Lunenfeld-Tanenbaum Research Institute
Research interests: Obstetric anesthesia and analgesia, postpartum hemorrhage, cesarean delivery, nausea/vomiting, spinal ultrasound, obstetric simulation, obstetric airway, maternal mortality and morbidity. Dr. Balki’s basic science program focuses on physiology of myometrial contractions with various uterotonics and oxytocin-induced desensitization phenomenon.
Competing interests: Dr. Balki has received research funding from the Canadian Institutes of Health Research, Canadian Anesthesiologists’ Society (Career Scientist Award, Dr. RA Gordon Research Award, Research Award), University of Toronto (Departments of Anesthesia and Obstetrics & Gynaecology), Mount Sinai Hospital foundation, Dean’s Fund, Inaugural SOAP/ Gertie Marx Research & Education Grant, Ontario AHSC AFP Innovation Funds from the Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care.
 

Karsten Bartels, MD, PhD
Editorial Board Member
Canadian Journal of Anesthesia

Associate Professor of Anesthesiology, Psychiatry, Medicine, and Surgery
University of Colorado
Aurora, CO, USA
Dr. Bartels is a practicing anesthesiologist with fellowship training in cardiothoracic anesthesiology, critical care medicine, and pain medicine.
Research interests: include novel IT and electronic health record-based interventions, clinical outcomes, and patient safety in perioperative medicine. Methodological expertise entails the design and execution of conventional observational studies, quasi-experimental studies, RCTs, and large pragmatic clinical trials.
Dr. Bartels research is funded by the National Institutes of Health (USA).
 

M. Dylan Bould, MB ChB, MEd 

Editorial Board Member, Canadian Journal of Anesthesia

Associate Professor, University of Ottawa Department of Anesthesiology Pediatric Anesthesiologist, Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario, Ottawa
Research interests: Medical education, global health, pediatric anesthesia, pediatric cardiovascular anesthesia
Competing interests: None.


Matthew T.V. Chan, MB BS, PhD, FANZCA, FHKCA, FHKAM
Editorial Board Member
Canadian Journal of Anesthesia
Professor, Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales Hospital, Shatin, New Territories, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, China
Areas of research interest: neuroanesthesia, perioperative monitoring of the brain and spine, clinical trials, clinical epidemiology and mechanisms of chronic postsurgical pain
Competing interests: None.
 

Franklin Dexter, MD, PhD FASA
Guest Editor (Statistics)
Canadian Journal of Anesthesia

Franklin Dexter is Director of the Division of Management Consulting and Professor in the Department of Anesthesia, University of Iowa. He performs research in the science of anesthesia group and operating room management, including statistical methods to analyze management and social sciences data in the field. As listed at https://www.FranklinDexter.net/FAQ/FAQ_a1.pdf, Dr. Dexter has tenure and receives no funds personally, including honoraria, other than his salary and allowable expense reimbursements from the University of Iowa. He and his family have no financial holdings in any company related to his work, other than indirectly through mutual funds for retirement. Income from the Division's professional services, including that for the Canadian Journal of Anesthesia, is used to fund Division research. A complete list of consultations is in his curriculum vitae at https://www.FranklinDexter.net/Contact_Info.htm
 

Derek Dillane, MB BCh, BAO, MMedSci, FCARCSI
Editorial Board Member
Canadian Journal of Anesthesia

Associate professor, University of Alberta

Areas of expertise: Regional anesthesia, acute pain medicine, perioperative medicine
Statement of competing interests: Dr. Dillane receives funding on a per patient basis for enrolling patients to the Regain Trial for hip fracture surgery (Patient-Centered Outcomes
Research Institute, University of Pennsylvania). He is paid honoraria from ASRA, on average once or twice per year, for teaching at workshops and conferences. A part from these, he has no personal or financial involvement which may inappropriately affect his scientific judgement or interpretation of data.
 

John C. Drummond, MD, FRCPC
Guest Editor
Canadian Journal of Anesthesia

Professor of Anesthesiology, University of California, San Diego; Staff Anesthesiologist,
VA Medical Center San Diego

Areas of research & clinical interest: Dr. Drummond’s area of clinical interest is Anesthesia for Neurosurgery. His research activities have included preclinical and clinical investigations examining the effects of anesthetic agents on cerebral physiology, the efficacy of anesthetic agents as cerebral protectants, the interaction of anesthetic agents and adjuvants with electrophysiologic monitoring techniques and the relationships between intraoperative blood pressure and central nervous system ischemic injury.

Competing interests: None.
 

Adrian W. Gelb MBChB, FRCA, FRCPC
Editorial Board Member
Canadian Journal of Anesthesia

Distinguished Professor (Emeritus) Edward A Dickson Emeritus Professor
Department of Anesthesia and Perioperative Care University of California San Francisco

Research interests: Anesthesia for neurosurgery; neurologic wellbeing during and after anesthesia and surgery e.g. perioperative stroke, delirium; research has included preclinical and clinical studies (CIHR, NIH, FAER, PSI); patient safety; global health esp. at the national and multinational level.

Competing interests: Secretary World Federation of Societies of Anaesthesiologists (WFSA); past chair WFSA Patient Safety & Quality of Practice committee; liaison with multiple WHO programs; past president SNACC and ISAP; consultant for brain function monitoring Masimo Inc.
 

M. Ruth Graham MD, FRCP(C) 

Editorial Board Member, Canadian Journal of Anesthesia

Associate Professor, University of Manitoba, Department of Anesthesia Pediatric Anesthesiologist, Children’s Hospital, Winnipeg, MB

Research interests: Cardiorespiratory physiology, alternative modes of mechanical ventilation, acute lung injury models, hemodynamics of persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn, general anesthesia neurotoxicity and the developing brain.
Competing interests: None.


Donald E. G. Griesdale, MD, MPH, FRCPC
Editorial Board Member
Canadian Journal of Anesthesia

Associate Professor
University of British Columbia
Department of Anesthesiology, Pharmacology & Therapeutics Department of Medicine, Divisions of Critical Care Medicine & Neurology
Associate Professor, Department of Anesthesiology, Pharmacology & Therapeutics, University of British Columbia, Vancouver BC, Canada.
Associate Professor, Divisions of Critical Care Medicine and Neurology, Department of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver BC, Canada.
Associate Scientist, Centre for Clinical Epidemiology and Evaluation, Vancouver Coastal Health Research Institute, Vancouver BC, Canada.

Research interests: Dr. Donald Griesdale is an anesthesiologists and intensive care physician at Vancouver General Hospital. Following his clinical training, he completed his Masters of Public Health in Quantitative Methods from the Harvard School of Public Health. His clinical and academics areas of interest include neurocritical care of patients with traumatic brain injury and cerebral autoregulation in patients with hypoxemic ischemic brain injury following cardiac arrest.

Competing interests: Dr. Griesdale is a clinical scientist and holds operational grant funding from the Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada and the Laerdal Foundation.
He receives salary support from the Michael Smith Foundation of Canada having won the Health Professional-Investigator Award in 2018. He has previously held operational funding from the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR) and the Canadian Anesthesiologists’’ Society (CAS). He previously received salary support from the Vancouver Coastal Health Research Institute having won a Clinician Scientist Award in 2014.


Young-Lan Kwak, MD, PhD 

Editorial Board Member, Canadian Journal of Anesthesia

Professor of Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Yonsei University
College of Medicine, Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Yonsei Cardiovascular Hospital, Seoul, Korea.

Competing interests: None.

Areas of expertise: Clinical practice consists of anesthesia in the fields of adult cardiac surgery and cardiovascular interventions. Research interests include major organ protection from ischemia reperfusion injury during cardiac surgery, (especially acute kidney injury), right ventricular function, perioperative blood management, enhanced recovery after cardiac surgery focusing on neurocognitive function and delirium.
 

David Mazer, MD, FRCPC
Editorial Board Member
Canadian Journal of Anesthesia

Professor, Department of Anesthesia, University of Toronto
Professor, Department of Physiology (cross appointment), University of Toronto

Research interests: Cardiovascular physiology, blood transfusion and hemostasis, organ protection, anesthesiology, cardiac metabolism, critical care, cardiac surgery.
Dr. Mazer’s research interests include cardiac anesthesia and critical care. His basic science program focuses on perioperative blood conservation, cardiac physiology and metabolism and perioperative organ protection. Using integrative and molecular approaches, he investigates the adverse effects of cardiopulmonary bypass on renal function, organ preservation, and transfusion/hemostatic therapies. He is engaged in translational research as an investigator in both pre-clinical and clinical studies in these areas.

Competing interests: Dr. Mazer has received research funding or consulting fees from the Canadian Institutes of Health Research, the Heart & Stroke Foundation of Ontario, Physicians Services Inc, University of Toronto, St. Michael's Hospital, Amgen, Quark, Thrasos, Allocure, Boehringer-Ingelheim, Octapharma, CSL-Behring, Fresenius-Kabi and Canadian Medical Protective Association.
Dr. Mazer has no equity positions in any companies related to anesthesia or critical care.
 

Daniel I. McIsaac, MD, MPH, FRCPC
Editorial Board Member
Canadian Journal of Anesthesia

Anesthesiologist, The Ottawa Hospital
Assistant Professor, Department of Anesthesiology & Pain Medicine, School of Epidemiology & Public Health, University of Ottawa
Associate Scientist, Ottawa Hospital Research Institute Full status Adjunct Scientist
ICES

Competing interests: None.

Areas of expertise/interest: Dr. McIsaac's research focuses on improving care and outcomes for high-risk surgical patients, with a specific focus on older adults and those with frailty. Dr. McIsaac has methodological expertise in observational study design and analysis, administrative data and health services research, knowledge synthesis and clinical trials.
 

Kathryn Anne Sparrow MD, MScHQ, FRCPC
Editorial Board Member
Canadian Journal of Anesthesia

Assistant Professor, Discipline of Anesthesia
Memorial University of Newfoundland
Chair, Canadian Anesthesiologists’ Society’s Canadian Anesthetic Incident Reporting System Member, Canadian Anesthesiologists' Society Standards Committee

Areas of interest: Healthcare and quality improvement, patient safety, airway management

Competing interests: Dr. Sparrow has received one prior honorarium for attending an expert input forum from Merck Canada Inc. As an instructor and course faculty member, she has received honoraria from Airway Interventions and Management in Emergencies (AIME), The Difficult Airway Course, and Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada.
 

Robert H. Thiele, MD 

Editorial Board Member, Canadian Journal of Anesthesia

Associate Professor, Departments of Anesthesiology and Biomedical Engineering Co- Director, UVA Enhanced Recovery after Surgery (ERAS) Program Board of Directors, University Physicians Group University of Virginia School of Medicine

Research interests: Non-invasive monitoring, venous oximetry, non-contact oximetry, near infrared spectroscopy, sub-cellular energetics, exercise preconditioning; prior and ongoing work has been funded by both the Society of Cardiovascular Anesthesiologists and the National Institutes of Health
Clinical practice: Adult cardiothoracic anesthesia and critical care, Enhanced Recovery after Surgery.

Competing interests: Dr. Thiele's department has received compensation for time spent on advisory panels for both Teleflex and Masimo corporations (2012-2013).
 

Duminda N. Wijeysundera, MD, PhD, FRCPC
Editorial Board Member
Canadian Journal of Anesthesia

Professor, Department of Anesthesia, University of Toronto Staff, Department of Anesthesia, St. Michael’s Hospital
Scientist, Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute of St. Michael’s Hospital
Professor, Institute of Health Policy Management and Evaluation, University of Toronto Adjunct Scientist, Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences

Areas of expertise: perioperative cardiac complications, preoperative risk stratification, observational study methodology, health services research, randomized controlled trials, clinical epidemiology

Competing interests: None.
 

Jean Wong, MD, FRCPC 

Editorial Board Member, Canadian Journal of Anesthesia

Associate Professor, University of Toronto Department of Anesthesia, Toronto Western Hospital University Health Network, Toronto, Ontario

Areas of expertise: Perioperative smoking cessation, perioperative sleep apnea, tranexamic acid for spine and orthopedic surgery, ambulatory anesthesia, postoperative delirium in non-cardiac surgery.

Statement of competing interests: Dr. Wong has received research grants from Merck Inc.