- Instructions for Authors
- Manuscript submission
- Manuscript style
- Tables and figures
- Electronic Supplementary Material
- Ethical guidelines for publication in Fisheries Science
- Ethical Responsibilities of Authors
- Authorship principles
- Open access publishing
- Mistakes to avoid during manuscript preparation
Instructions for Authors
Fisheries Science is the official journal of the Japanese Society of Fisheries Science and invites papers in a broad range of subject areas relevant to fisheries science.
Two types of papers are accepted by the editors: Original Articles, and Reviews. Original Articles must present scientific results that are essentially new and should be divided into following sections: Introduction; Materials and methods; Results; Discussion; (Acknowledgments); References; Figure captions. Results and Discussion may be combined and discussed together, as long as facts and ideas are not conflated and the logic is clear. However, the Author must agree to separate these two sections if the Editor requires.
Review Articles may be commissioned, or submitted on topics of current interest.
All manuscripts are subject to peer review and copy editing.
Manuscripts of Fisheries Science are classified into seven field categories: Fisheries, Biology, Aquaculture, Environment, Chemistry and Biochemistry, Food Science and Technology, and Social Science. Classification of a manuscript after acceptance for publication will be assigned by the editor in charge, with the author's consent.
The corresponding author is obliged to partially bear the costs of publication, as the journal has a page charge policy. This will be invoiced from the Japanese Society of Fisheries Science (JSFS) directly. The price per page is JPY 7,600 for non-members and JPY 4,000 for JSFS society members. The discounted price for members is applied to the payment by the corresponding author, who must be a member when the first draft is submitted. Other costs (Open Choice, Offprints) are optional. For further details, please consult the “After Acceptance” section at the bottom of the Instructions for Authors.
Submission of a manuscript implies that
• the work described has not been published before
• it is not under consideration for publication anywhere else
• its publication has been approved by all co-authors, if any, as well as by the responsible authorities - tacitly or explicitly - at the institute where the work has been carried out. The publisher will not be held legally responsible should there be any claims for compensation. Authors whose first language is not English are urged to have their manuscript read by a colleague who is a native English speaker and is familiar with their field of work before submitting the paper.
• In Fisheries Science, authors are currently not allowed to publish the submitted work in any preprint server before and during the review process. The manuscript ignoring this condition basically would lose the right to receive further editorial process in this journal.
• Non-members of the Society can also submit papers to Fisheries Science. However, the Society cannot accept submissions from authors who have unpaid page charges for previous submissions (see below for “Page Charges”), or from members whose membership fees are in arrears.
Authors wishing to include figures, tables, or text passages that have already been published elsewhere are required to obtain permission from the copyright owner(s) and to include evidence that such permission has been granted when submitting their papers. Any material received without such evidence will be assumed to originate from the authors.
Authors should submit their manuscripts online. Electronic submission substantially reduces the time required in the editorial process for reviewing and publishing. Please follow the hyperlink “Submit online” and upload all your manuscript files following the instructions given on the screen.
Submission of a manuscript must be accompanied by confirmation of all points on the checklist, namely, that it is an original work, that it has never been and is not being submitted elsewhere, that all authors agree with the contents and to the submission, and where necessary all appropriate ethical matters and other approvals were observed and obtained in conducting the research.
In the case of a special request to process a rapid communication during the editorial process, the corresponding author may contact the Editor-in-Chief prior to online submission.
In the case of a request by authors to modify the number and order of authors during the reviewing process, the authors must contact the editor in charge and the Editorial Office to receive their permission, and must forward a letter of consent from all persons claiming authorship.
The Japanese Society of Fisheries Science
c/o Tokyo University of Marine Science and Technology, 4-5-7 Konan, Minato,
Tokyo 108-8477, Japan
Tel: 81-3-3471-2165. Fax: 81-3-3471-2054. Email: email@example.com
Manuscripts should be written in English and double-spaced. All manuscripts should be composed of a title page (page 1), abstract page (page 2) and text (page 3 ff). Page numbers should be indicated at the bottom of the pages. Sequential serial numbers of lines should be indicated in the left margin of the pages to facilitate a precise understanding of the referee's comments.
The title page should include:
A concise and informative title
The full names of all authors
The affiliation(s) and address(es) of the author(s) where the research was conducted
The full name of the corresponding author
The telephone and fax numbers of the corresponding author, and e-mail addresses of all authors.
An abstract should briefly describe the results and conclusion within 200 words. The abstract should not contain any undefined abbreviations or unspecified references.
Please provide 3 to 8 keywords.
Contributors, including coauthors, who are native Japanese speakers are requested to submit the following items in Japanese in a separate file: article title, name(s) and brief affiliation(s) of the author(s), and a Japanese abstract of no more than 250 letters.
Contributors who cannot prepare a Japanese abstract are requested to authorize the Editorial Board to prepare or edit a summary of the manuscript in Japanese for the purpose of introducing the work on the Society's web site and in the Japanese journal, Nippon Suisan Gakkaishi, when the work is published in any issue of Fisheries Science. The Editorial Board will prepare the Japanese summary so that it faithfully represents the content of the original English abstract.
Manuscripts should be prepared in Word.
• Use a normal, plain font (e.g., 10-point Times Roman) for text.
• Do not use double-byte characters.
• Do not use field functions.
• Use tab stops or other commands for indents, not the space bar.
• Use the equation editor or MathType for equations.
Note: If you use Word 2007, do not create the equations with the default equation editor but use the Microsoft equation editor or MathType instead.
• Save your file in .doc or .docx format.
Please use no more than three levels of displayed headings.
Abbreviations should be defined at first mention and used consistently thereafter.
Acknowledgments of people, grants, funds, etc. should be placed before the reference list. The names of funding organizations should be written in full.
Footnotes can be used to give additional information, which may include the citation of a reference included in the reference list. They should not consist solely of a reference citation, and they should never include the bibliographic details of a reference. They should also not contain any figures or tables. Footnotes to the text are numbered consecutively; those to tables should be indicated by superscript lower-case letters (or asterisks for significance values and other statistical data). Footnotes to the title or the authors of the article are not given reference symbols. Always use footnotes instead of endnotes.
The use of SI and SI-derived units is preferred. Internationally accepted units can also be used, e.g., “L” for liter, and “min” for “minute”. Please refer to the following examples.
Length, Area, Volume: pm, nm, μm, mm, cm, m, km, mm2, cm2, m2, L, mL, μL, mm3, cm3, m3
Mass: pg, ng, μg, mg, g, kg, t, Da, kDa
Time: s, min, h; express time as [00:00]
Temperature: °C, K (°K should not be used)
Absolute quantity: pmol, nmol, μmol, mmol, mol
Concentration: pM, nM, μM, mM, M, N, %, μg/kg, mg/l00 mL, mg/l00 g
Work, Energy, Heat quantity: J, erg, cal, kcal
Force: dyn, N, gw, kgw
Pressure: Pa, mmHg, atm, bar
Electricity: V, W, mA, A, Hz
Photometry: cd, lx, lm, cd/m2
Sound: Hz, kHz, mHz, Abar, dB
Speed: cm/s, m/s, kn, rad/s
Radioactivity: dpm, cps, cpm, mBq, Bq, kBq, Gy, kGy, mSv, Sv, R, kR
Rotation: ×g, cycle
• Nomenclature: In so far as possible, authors should use systematic names similar to those used by Chemical Abstracts Service or IUPAC.
• The usage of geographic names for ocean areas should conform to the standards in “Limits of Oceans and Seas” (International Hydrographic Organization, 1953; http://www.iho.int/iho_pubs/standard/S-23/S-23_Ed3_1953_EN.pdf).
• Genus and species names should be in italics. The common names of species should not be capitalized. If the common name appears together with its scientific name, it should be given without using commas or parenthesis, e.g. ‘rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss’.
• Generic names of drugs and pesticides are preferred; if trade names are used, the generic name should be given at first mention.
• Please use the standard mathematical notation for formulae, symbols etc.: Italic for letters that denote mathematical constants, variables, and unknown quantities. Roman/upright for numerals, operators, and punctuation, and commonly defined functions or abbreviations, e.g., cos, det, e or exp, lim, log, max, min, sin, tan, d (for derivative). Bold for vectors, tensors, and matrices.
• New nucleotide data must be deposited in the DDBJ/EMBL/GenBank databases and an accession number obtained before submission.
Submission to any one of the three collaborating databanks is sufficient to ensure data entry in all. The accession number should be included in the text, tables, or figure legends, as appropriate.
Cite references in the text by name and year in parentheses. Some examples:
• Negotiation research spans many disciplines (Thompson 1990).
• This result was later contradicted by Becker and Seligman (1996).
• This effect has been widely studied (Abbott 1991; Barakat et al. 1995; Kelso and Smith 1998; Medvec et al. 1999).
The list of references should only include works that are cited in the text and that have been published or accepted for publication. Personal communications, unpublished data, and online documents or databases should only be mentioned in the text as follows: (Watanabe H, pers. comm., 2000); (Suzuki A and Kato Y, unpubl. data, 2000); (SDBSWeb: http://riodb01.ibase.aist.go.jp/sdbs/ “Accessed 22 Feb 2000”.) Do not use footnotes or endnotes as a substitute for a reference list.
Reference list entries should be alphabetized by the last names of the first author of each work.
When using a reference manager software, use [Springer - Basic (author-date, no "et al.")] for the citation style.
• Journal article
Ooi A, Yano F, Okagaki T (2008) Thermal stability of carp G-actin monitored by loss of polymerization activity using an extrinsic fluorescent probe. Fish Sci 74:193-200
• Article by DOI
Online documents registered as DOI code can be referred as follows;
Nofrizal H, Yanase K, Arimoto T (2009) Effect of temperature on the swimming endurance and post-exercise recovery of jack mackerel Trachurus japonicus as determined by ECG monitoring. Fish Sci. doi: 10.1007/s12562-009-0164-3
Aida K, Tsukamoto K, Yamauchi K (2004) Eel biology. Springer, Tokyo
Matsuoka T (2008) A review of bycatch and discards issue toward solution. In: Tsukamoto T et al (eds) Fisheries for global welfare and environment. TERRAPUB, Tokyo, pp 169–180
Holthuis LB (2006) Marine lobsters of the world. FAO, Rome
• Doctoral dissertation
Hajar MAI (2008) Visual physiology of fish in capture process of light fishing. PhD dissertation, Tokyo University of Marine Science and Technology, Tokyo
Note: Undergraduate and master’s theses are not eligible for reference citation.
Hamada N, Saito T (2006) Bioremediation method with fungus. JP Pat Appl 2006-246802
・Publications in other languages
For publications in any language other than English, the translated English title should be given. A notation such as “(in Japanese)” or “(in Russian with English abstract)” should be added.
Sato N, Takeuchi T (2009) Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) requirement of larval brown sole Pleuronectes herzensteini. Nippon Suisan Gakkaishi 75:28–37 (in Japanese with English abstract)
Tables and figures
• All tables are to be numbered using Arabic numerals.
• Tables should always be cited in text in consecutive numerical order.
• For each table, please supply a table title. The table title should explain clearly and concisely in one sentence the components of the table.
• Identify any previously published material by giving the original source in the form of a reference in the table footnotes.
• Footnotes to tables should be indicated by superscript lower-case letters (or asterisks for significance values and other statistical data) and included beneath the table body.
• For preparation of tables, use of the table function of MS Word is strongly recommended. Authors using Excel-formatted table files are responsible for carefully checking the printed proofs to avoid publication of misprints.
Electronic figure submission
• Supply all figures electronically.
• For vector graphics, the preferred format is EPS (Encapsulated PostScript). A number of software programs can save or convert to EPS format, such as Illustrator, Photoshop, GIMP and etc.
• For halftones, please use TIFF format.
• MS Office files are also acceptable.
• Vector graphics containing fonts must have the fonts embedded in the files.
• Name your figure files with "Fig" and the figure number, e.g., Fig1.eps.
• Definition: Black and white graphic with no shading.
• Do not use faint lines and/or lettering and check that all lines and lettering within the figures are legible at final size.
• All lines should be at least 0.1 mm (0.3 pt) wide.
• Line drawings should have a minimum resolution of 800 dpi.
• Definition: Photographs, drawings, or paintings with fine shading, etc.
• If any magnification is used in the photographs, indicate this by using scale bars within the figures themselves.
• Halftones should have a minimum resolution of 300 dpi.
• Do not save black & white photographs as color images.
• Definition: a combination of halftone and line art, e.g., halftones containing line drawing, extensive lettering, color diagrams, etc.
• Combination artwork should have a minimum resolution of 600 dpi.
• Color art is free of charge for online and print publication.
• If black and white will be shown in the print version, make sure that the main information will still be visible. Many colors are not distinguishable from one another when converted to black and white. A simple way to check this is to make a photocopy to see if the necessary distinctions between the different colors are still apparent.
• If the figures will be printed in black and white, do not refer to color in the captions.
• Color illustrations should be submitted as RGB (8 bits per channel).
• To add lettering, it is best to use Helvetica or Arial (sans serif fonts).
• Keep lettering consistently sized throughout your final-sized artwork, usually about 2-3 mm (8-12 pt).
• Variance of type size within an illustration should be minimal, e.g., do not use 8-pt type on an axis and 20-pt type for the axis label.
• Avoid effects such as shading, outline letters, etc.
• Do not include titles or captions into your illustrations.
• All figures are to be numbered using Arabic numerals.
• Figures should always be cited in the text in consecutive numerical order.
• Figure parts should be denoted by lowercase letters (a, b, c, etc.). If illustrations are supplied with uppercase labeling, lowercase letters will still be used in the figure captions and citations.
• If an appendix appears in your article/chapter and it contains one or more figures, continue the consecutive numbering of the main text. Do not number the appendix figures, "A1, A2, A3, etc."
• Each figure should have a concise caption describing accurately what the figure depicts.
• Figure captions begin with the term Fig. in bold type, followed by the figure number, also in bold type.
• No punctuation is to be included after the number, nor is any punctuation to be placed at the end of the caption.
• Identify all elements found in the figure in the figure caption; and use boxes, circles, etc., as coordinate points in graphs.
• Identify previously published material by giving the original source in the form of a reference citation at the end of the figure caption.
Figure placement and size
• Figures are placed to fit in the column width, selected from the basic size options of 39 mm, 84 mm, 129 mm, and 174 mm wide and not higher than 234 mm.
• Authors are required to prepare their figures so that they can be best presented in one of the above sizes.
• The publisher reserves the right to reduce or enlarge figures.
Electronic Supplementary Material
Electronic supplementary material will be published in the online version only. It may consist of
• Information that cannot be printed: animations, video clips, sound recordings
• Information that is more convenient in electronic form: sequences, spectral data, etc.
• Large original data, e.g. additional tables, illustrations, etc.
• Supply all supplementary material in standard file formats.
• Please include in each file the following information: article title, journal name, author names; affiliation and e-mail address of the corresponding author.
• To accommodate user downloads, please keep in mind that larger-sized files may require very long download times and that some users may experience other problems during downloading.
Audio, Video, and Animations
• Always use MPEG-1 (.mpg) format. The duration of the file is limited to five minutes.
Text and Presentations
• Submit your material in PDF format; .doc or .ppt files are not suitable for long-term viability.
• A collection of figures may also be combined in a PDF file.
• Spreadsheets should be converted to PDF if no interaction with the data is intended.
• If the readers should be encouraged to make their own calculations, spreadsheets should be submitted as .xls files (MS Excel).
• If supplying any supplementary material, the text must make specific mention of the material as a citation, similar to that of figures and tables.
• Refer to the supplementary files as “Online Resource”, e.g., "... as shown in the animation (Online Resource 3)", “... additional data are given in Online Resource 4”.
• Name the files consecutively, e.g. “ESM_3.mpg”, “ESM_4.pdf”.
• For each supplementary material, please supply a concise caption describing the content of the file.
Processing of supplementary files
• Electronic supplementary material will be published as received from the author without any conversion, editing, or reformatting.
In order to give people of all abilities and disabilities access to the content of your supplementary files, please make sure that
• The manuscript contain a descriptive caption for each supplementary material
• Video files do not contain anything that flashes more than three times per second (so that users prone to seizures caused by such effects are not put at risk)
Please note that the Editorial Board may decide, at its own discretion, not to include in supplementary material files that it considers excessively large or insufficiently significant.
Ethical guidelines for publication in Fisheries Science
The guidelines integrated in this document were approved by the editors of Fisheries Science in July 2011.
Fisheries Science is the official journal of the Japanese Society of Fisheries Science. Its objective is to promote the development of fisheries science through publication. Fisheries Science publishes articles in a broad range of basic and applied research subjects relevant to the field. The following points are the minimal standards of ethical behavior suggested for the authors, editors, and reviewers relating to the publication of manuscripts in Fisheries Science.
・On reporting research results
An author should accurately present the research results and objective discussion of its significance.
The report should be adequate for those who intend to repeat the research.
The manuscript should cite publications that influenced the author's work. The citations facilitate interpretation of the reported work by peers.
An author should cite the original publications.
Deliberate omission of a pertinent author or reference is unacceptable.
Fragmentation of research reports should be avoided.
A manuscript describing essentially the same research should be submitted for publication in only one journal at a time.
Plagiarism is not admissible. Submissions to Fisheries Science are now being checked for plagiarism via CrossCheck. CrossCheck, a multi-publisher initiative, screens published and submitted content for originality and detects instances of overlapping and similar text in submitted manuscripts. This will ensure that Fisheries Science is actively combating plagiarism and is publishing only original research.
Those who made significant scientific contribution to the work should be included as co-authors; those who did not should not be included.
The co-authors should be responsible and accountable for the reported work.
The manuscript should be reviewed by every co-author before submission.
・Conflict of interest
The author(s) should fully disclose any conflict of interest.
・Ethical treatment of animals
Research involving animals must be performed in accordance with institutional guidelines.
Every scientist has an obligation to do a fair share of reviewing.
A reviewer of a manuscript should evaluate the quality of the manuscript objectively.
The intellectual independence of the authors should be acknowledged.
Reviewers should explain and support their judgment adequately so that editors and authors may understand the basis of their comments.
A reviewer should caution against failure of authors to cite relevant work by other scientists.
A reviewer should act promptly and submit a report in a timely manner.
The sole responsibility for acceptance or rejection of a manuscript rests with the editor. The decision should be made only on the basis of the importance, originality, and clarity of the manuscript as well as its relevance to the journal.
Editorial responsibility for any manuscript authored by an editor should be delegated to another editor of the journal.
A reviewer should not evaluate a manuscript authored or co-authored by a person with whom the reviewer has a personal or professional connection which may bias evaluation of the manuscript.
An editor and a reviewer should treat a manuscript as a confidential document: the editor or the reviewer should not disclose any information about a manuscript under consideration to any outside source.
Unpublished information described in a submitted manuscript should not be used in an editor's or a reviewer's own research.
The names and other details of the reviewers should be kept confidential.
Ethical Responsibilities of Authors
This journal is committed to upholding the integrity of the scientific record. As a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) the journal will follow the COPE guidelines on how to deal with potential acts of misconduct.
Authors should refrain from misrepresenting research results which could damage the trust in the journal, the professionalism of scientific authorship, and ultimately the entire scientific endeavour. Maintaining integrity of the research and its presentation is helped by following the rules of good scientific practice, which include*:
- The manuscript should not be submitted to more than one journal for simultaneous consideration.
- The submitted work should be original and should not have been published elsewhere in any form or language (partially or in full), unless the new work concerns an expansion of previous work. (Please provide transparency on the re-use of material to avoid the concerns about text-recycling (‘self-plagiarism’).
- A single study should not be split up into several parts to increase the quantity of submissions and submitted to various journals or to one journal over time (i.e. ‘salami-slicing/publishing’).
- Concurrent or secondary publication is sometimes justifiable, provided certain conditions are met. Examples include: translations or a manuscript that is intended for a different group of readers.
- Results should be presented clearly, honestly, and without fabrication, falsification or inappropriate data manipulation (including image based manipulation). Authors should adhere to discipline-specific rules for acquiring, selecting and processing data.
- No data, text, or theories by others are presented as if they were the author’s own (‘plagiarism’). Proper acknowledgements to other works must be given (this includes material that is closely copied (near verbatim), summarized and/or paraphrased), quotation marks (to indicate words taken from another source) are used for verbatim copying of material, and permissions secured for material that is copyrighted.
Important note: the journal may use software to screen for plagiarism.
- Authors should make sure they have permissions for the use of software, questionnaires/(web) surveys and scales in their studies (if appropriate).
- Research articles and non-research articles (e.g. Opinion, Review, and Commentary articles) must cite appropriate and relevant literature in support of the claims made. Excessive and inappropriate self-citation or coordinated efforts among several authors to collectively self-cite is strongly discouraged.
- Authors should avoid untrue statements about an entity (who can be an individual person or a company) or descriptions of their behavior or actions that could potentially be seen as personal attacks or allegations about that person.
- Research that may be misapplied to pose a threat to public health or national security should be clearly identified in the manuscript (e.g. dual use of research). Examples include creation of harmful consequences of biological agents or toxins, disruption of immunity of vaccines, unusual hazards in the use of chemicals, weaponization of research/technology (amongst others).
- Authors are strongly advised to ensure the author group, the Corresponding Author, and the order of authors are all correct at submission. Adding and/or deleting authors during the revision stages is generally not permitted, but in some cases may be warranted. Reasons for changes in authorship should be explained in detail. Please note that changes to authorship cannot be made after acceptance of a manuscript.
*All of the above are guidelines and authors need to make sure to respect third parties rights such as copyright and/or moral rights.
Upon request authors should be prepared to send relevant documentation or data in order to verify the validity of the results presented. This could be in the form of raw data, samples, records, etc. Sensitive information in the form of confidential or proprietary data is excluded.
If there is suspicion of misbehavior or alleged fraud the Journal and/or Publisher will carry out an investigation following COPE guidelines. If, after investigation, there are valid concerns, the author(s) concerned will be contacted under their given e-mail address and given an opportunity to address the issue. Depending on the situation, this may result in the Journal’s and/or Publisher’s implementation of the following measures, including, but not limited to:
- If the manuscript is still under consideration, it may be rejected and returned to the author.
- If the article has already been published online, depending on the nature and severity of the infraction:
- an erratum/correction may be placed with the article
- an expression of concern may be placed with the article
- or in severe cases retraction of the article may occur.
The reason will be given in the published erratum/correction, expression of concern or retraction note. Please note that retraction means that the article is maintained on the platform, watermarked “retracted” and the explanation for the retraction is provided in a note linked to the watermarked article.
- The author’s institution may be informed
- A notice of suspected transgression of ethical standards in the peer review system may be included as part of the author’s and article’s bibliographic record.
Authors have an obligation to correct mistakes once they discover a significant error or inaccuracy in their published article. The author(s) is/are requested to contact the journal and explain in what sense the error is impacting the article. A decision on how to correct the literature will depend on the nature of the error. This may be a correction or retraction. The retraction note should provide transparency which parts of the article are impacted by the error.
Suggesting / excluding reviewers
Authors are welcome to suggest suitable reviewers and/or request the exclusion of certain individuals when they submit their manuscripts. When suggesting reviewers, authors should make sure they are totally independent and not connected to the work in any way. It is strongly recommended to suggest a mix of reviewers from different countries and different institutions. When suggesting reviewers, the Corresponding Author must provide an institutional email address for each suggested reviewer, or, if this is not possible to include other means of verifying the identity such as a link to a personal homepage, a link to the publication record or a researcher or author ID in the submission letter. Please note that the Journal may not use the suggestions, but suggestions are appreciated and may help facilitate the peer review process.
These guidelines describe authorship principles and good authorship practices to which prospective authors should adhere to.
The Journal and Publisher assume all authors agreed with the content and that all gave explicit consent to submit and that they obtained consent from the responsible authorities at the institute/organization where the work has been carried out, before the work is submitted.
The Publisher does not prescribe the kinds of contributions that warrant authorship. It is recommended that authors adhere to the guidelines for authorship that are applicable in their specific research field. In absence of specific guidelines it is recommended to adhere to the following guidelines*:
All authors whose names appear on the submission
1) made substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work; or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data; or the creation of new software used in the work;
2) drafted the work or revised it critically for important intellectual content;
3) approved the version to be published; and
4) agree to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.
* Based on/adapted from:
Disclosures and declarations
All authors are requested to include information regarding sources of funding, financial or non-financial interests, study-specific approval by the appropriate ethics committee for research involving humans and/or animals, informed consent if the research involved human participants, and a statement on welfare of animals if the research involved animals (as appropriate).
The decision whether such information should be included is not only dependent on the scope of the journal, but also the scope of the article. Work submitted for publication may have implications for public health or general welfare and in those cases it is the responsibility of all authors to include the appropriate disclosures and declarations.
All authors are requested to make sure that all data and materials as well as software application or custom code support their published claims and comply with field standards. Please note that journals may have individual policies on (sharing) research data in concordance with disciplinary norms and expectations.
Role of the Corresponding Author
One author is assigned as Corresponding Author and acts on behalf of all co-authors and ensures that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately addressed.
The Corresponding Author is responsible for the following requirements:
- ensuring that all listed authors have approved the manuscript before submission, including the names and order of authors;
- managing all communication between the Journal and all co-authors, before and after publication;*
- providing transparency on re-use of material and mention any unpublished material (for example manuscripts in press) included in the manuscript in a cover letter to the Editor;
- making sure disclosures, declarations and transparency on data statements from all authors are included in the manuscript as appropriate (see above).
* The requirement of managing all communication between the journal and all co-authors during submission and proofing may be delegated to a Contact or Submitting Author. In this case please make sure the Corresponding Author is clearly indicated in the manuscript.
In absence of specific instructions and in research fields where it is possible to describe discrete efforts, the Publisher recommends authors to include contribution statements in the work that specifies the contribution of every author in order to promote transparency. These contributions should be listed at the separate title page.
Examples of such statement(s) are shown below:
• Free text:
All authors contributed to the study conception and design. Material preparation, data collection and analysis were performed by [full name], [full name] and [full name]. The first draft of the manuscript was written by [full name] and all authors commented on previous versions of the manuscript. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.
• Conceptualization: [full name], …; Methodology: [full name], …; Formal analysis and investigation: [full name], …; Writing - original draft preparation: [full name, …]; Writing - review and editing: [full name], …; Funding acquisition: [full name], …; Resources: [full name], …; Supervision: [full name],….
For review articles where discrete statements are less applicable a statement should be included who had the idea for the article, who performed the literature search and data analysis, and who drafted and/or critically revised the work.
For articles that are based primarily on the student’s dissertation or thesis, it is recommended that the student is usually listed as principal author:
The primary affiliation for each author should be the institution where the majority of their work was done. If an author has subsequently moved, the current address may additionally be stated. Addresses will not be updated or changed after publication of the article.
Changes to authorship
Authors are strongly advised to ensure the correct author group, the Corresponding Author, and the order of authors at submission. Changes of authorship by adding or deleting authors, and/or changes in Corresponding Author, and/or changes in the sequence of authors are not accepted after acceptance of a manuscript.
- Please note that author names will be published exactly as they appear on the accepted submission!
Please make sure that the names of all authors are present and correctly spelled, and that addresses and affiliations are current.
Adding and/or deleting authors at revision stage are generally not permitted, but in some cases it may be warranted. Reasons for these changes in authorship should be explained. Approval of the change during revision is at the discretion of the Editor-in-Chief. Please note that journals may have individual policies on adding and/or deleting authors during revision stage.
Authors are recommended to use their ORCID ID when submitting an article for consideration or acquire an ORCID ID via the submission process.
Deceased or incapacitated authors
For cases in which a co-author dies or is incapacitated during the writing, submission, or peer-review process, and the co-authors feel it is appropriate to include the author, co-authors should obtain approval from a (legal) representative which could be a direct relative.
Authorship issues or disputes
In the case of an authorship dispute during peer review or after acceptance and publication, the Journal will not be in a position to investigate or adjudicate. Authors will be asked to resolve the dispute themselves. If they are unable the Journal reserves the right to withdraw a manuscript from the editorial process or in case of a published paper raise the issue with the authors’ institution(s) and abide by its guidelines.
Authors should treat all communication with the Journal as confidential which includes correspondence with direct representatives from the Journal such as Editors-in-Chief and/or Handling Editors and reviewers’ reports unless explicit consent has been received to share information.
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