Submission guidelines

Instructions for Authors

Document Classes

Journal of Failure Analysis and Prevention (JFAP) publishes contributions of news, technical notes, case histories, and archival peer-reviewed papers and reviews. The publication encompasses failure analysis techniques, materials degradation and failure mechanisms, failure prevention technologies, and reviews of classic failures and failure processes. Descriptions of new equipment and applications, forensics, and field evaluation and sampling will also be included. All contributions must be in English.

Content will determine whether an accepted manuscript is a peer-reviewed paper, a technical note, or a news item. The Editorial Office will assign the category for each manuscript, but author guidance is appreciated.

Peer-reviewed papers and technical notes will be judged by one or more qualified reviewers, assigned by the Editor or a member of the Editorial Review Board. The review will determine the suitability of the manuscript for inclusion in the Journal of Failure Analysis and Prevention. The reviewers will provide the editorial office a recommendation on the merit of the manuscript; however, the editorial office will make the final decision on the acceptance of the manuscript for publication.

Submission for publication is representation that neither the manuscript nor the basic information in the manuscript has been copyrighted, published, or submitted for publication elsewhere. Prior publication is a basis for rejection except under special circumstances such as appearance in a conference or symposium proceedings that had very limited circulation. The prior publication history should be clearly noted on the manuscript. If the manuscript is under a prior copyright but still appropriate for publication in the Journal of Failure Analysis and Prevention, the author must have permission of the prior copyright holder for JFAP to print the manuscript and to include it in an online version of the publication.

Manuscript Submission and Preparation

Submissions for the Journal of Failure Analysis and Prevention should be submitted electronically through Manuscript review will occur online in a secure environment. Correspondence concerning the submission will be transmitted to the corresponding author via email.

1. Launch Web Browser (Internet Explorer 5 or higher or Netscape 6 or higher) and go to: Log in to Manuscript Central or click the "Create Account" option if you are a first time user. If you are creating an account

  • After clicking on "Create Account" enter your name and e-mail information. Your e-mail information is very important! Click "Next."

  • Enter your institution and address information as prompted. Click "Next."

  • Enter your user id and password, then select attributes/keywords that describe your area of expertise. Click "Finish" when done.

Log in and select Author Center. Note: You may update account information any time by clicking on the "Edit My Account" link in the Menu Bar.

2. IMPORTANT: Read all author instructions on how to prepare your manuscript and figures before you submit. Author instructions are found through the "Instructions & Forms" link in the upper right corner of all pages. Print the instructions for later reference. Click the "Submit a Manuscript" link in the menu bar to begin. Enter data and answer questions about the manuscript as prompted. Click the "Next" button on each screen to save your work and advance to the next screen. You will be prompted to upload your files. To upload your files:

  • a. Click the "Browse" button and locate the file on your computer. Double-click the file name. NOTE: The following file formats, which are unsuitable for production, are excluded from submission: .ppt, .pdf, .exe, .zip, .com, and .vbs.

  • b. Select the designation of the file in the drop down next to the Browse button. Use the next "Browse" button on the screen and repeat steps 1 and 2 to upload multiple files at once.

  • c. When you have selected the files for upload, click the "Upload" button.

  • d. To view your uploaded files, click one of the format links (e.g., HTML, PDF Full Resolution, etc.)

Complete the submission process by reviewing your data. You can edit information by clicking the "Edit" button next to each step. Click the "Submit" button to submit your manuscript. You and your co-authors will receive an e-mail message confirming that the manuscript has been received by the journal. You may log in to Manuscript Central and select the Author Center any time from anywhere to check the status of your manuscript. You may stop a submission at any stage and complete it later. From the Author Center, click on "Unsubmitted Manuscripts" and then click on the "Continue Submission" link to resume the submission process. If you need assistance, click on the "Get Help Now" button found on every screen of Manuscript Central. A Support screen will display where you will have access to the FAQs database, may query the database for a particular solution, may send Support an e-mail query, have access to the Support telephone number. E-mail: Call Monday-Friday, 3 a.m.-5:30 p.m. EST: 1-434-817-2040 x167.

3. The Copyright Transfer form must be completed before the manuscript can be published. It is preferable to include the form at the time of submission. If the article is not published in JFAP, the copyright transfer will not take effect. See section entitled COPYRIGHT POLICY that follows. The copyright transfer form can be downloaded from or accessed through the Manuscript Central site.

4. Submit art as separate .tif or .jpg files at 300 DPI resolution for photos and micrographs and 1200 DPI resolution for line drawings. (Art embedded into a Word document defaults to 72 DPI, resulting in low resolution not suitable for print production.) Include micron bars on all micrographs. For previously published figures and tables, written confirmation of permission to reprint should be included for each item along with the manuscript at submission.

5. The title of the contribution should be succinct (no greater than 15 words) and clearly describe the focus of the work.

6. The full contact address of the author for all inquiries and correspondence must be available and will be included in the printed JFAP article. The Editor would also appreciate the e-mail address, fax number, and telephone number for expediting the review and editorial processes. Contact information should also be included for at least one co-author. If there is only one author, please provide contact information for an assistant or co-worker as backup.

7. The abstract is the author's summary of a scientific paper and is included in the review procedure. It should indicate newly observed facts, conclusions, and the essential parts of any new theory, treatment, apparatus, technique, etc. It should be concise and informative and only in exceptional cases exceed 200 words.

8. The required Reference format is shown in the section entitled STYLING OF REFERENCES. Reference to unpublished work that is difficult to obtain (such as classified or secret works) should be kept to a minimum. The editor may ask for further clarification or substantiation of such references.

9. Extensive revision at the author's option of text or figures in proof is costly and will be charged to the author. Typographical errors may be corrected and references updated without charge.

10. There are no facilities for translating or making editorial revisions of contributions written in a foreign language.

11. The policy of the Journal of Failure Analysis and Prevention is to use the International System of Units (SI). For guidelines, see National Bureau of Standards Special Publication 003-003-02380-9 (for sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402). If other units are required for special situations, a conversion to SI must be provided in parentheses or in a table.

12. Avoid the use of trade names and proprietary information whenever possible. Such use can occasionally be justified if this is the best way to specify a particular material or process. Company name and location (city, state, and country) must accompany trade name use.

13. A series of papers dealing with the separate aspects of a subject should be cross referenced. Divisions, such as Part I, Part II, etc., are not recommended as they complicate the review procedure and abstract listings. If such divisions are considered essential, they should be justified by the author at submission and are subject to approval in review.

14. A Table of Symbols and their corresponding dimensional units should be included when symbols are used extensively throughout a paper.

Acknowledgments and Funding Information

Acknowledgments of people, grants, funds, etc. should be placed in a separate section before the reference list. The names of funding organizations should be written in full. In addition, please provide the funding information in a separate step of the submission process in the peer review system. Funder names should preferably be selected from the standardized list you will see during submission. If the funding institution you need is not listed, it can be entered as free text. Funding information will be published as searchable metadata for the accepted article, whereas acknowledgements are published within the paper.

Styling of References

1. If the work being cited is an article in a book or journal, the article title must be included.

2. All authors' names must be listed.

3. Use journal abbreviations as given in the current listing of Chemical Abstracts Service Source Index.

Example: Authors, Article Title, Journal, volume (issue number), year, pages (language)

R.A. Miller, P. Agarwal, and E.C. Duderstadt, Life Modeling of Atmospheric and Low Pressure Plasma Sprayed Thermal Barrier Coatings, Ceram. Eng. Sci Proc., Vol 5 (No. 78), 1984, p 470-478 (in German)

4. If an article is written in a language other than English, list the title in the original language, followed by the English translation (if available) in parentheses. State the language of the paper in parenthesis at the end of the citation.


H. Grein, De la cavitation: une vue d'ensemble (Cavitation: An Overview), Rev. Tech. Sulzer, 1974, p 87-112 (in French)

5. References to articles in books, including published conference proceedings, should include the title and the pages within the book. Chapter numbers may be given in place of chapter titles or page ranges. Roman numerals are acceptable. The abbreviation Chap. is used with the number.

Example: Authors, Article Title, Book Title, edition, Editor(s), Date of conference (Location of Conference), Conference Sponsor, Publisher, year, pages

J. Sickfield, Pull-off Test, Adhesion Aspects of Polymeric Coatings, 2nd ed., K.L. Mittal, Ed., Sept 15-18, 1980 (Paris), Plenum Press, 1983, p 543-567

6. When citing specifications and standards, the critical elements are the standard number and the name of the standards organization.

Example: Author (if available), "Standard Title," Standard Number, Name of Standards Organization, page numbers

"Test Method for Acid and Base Number by Color Indicator Titration," C 633, Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Part 17, ASTM, p 636-642

P.H. Hutton, "An Acoustic Emission Zone Monitor and Recorder for BWR Pipe-Cracking Detection," EPRI NP-1408, Electric Power Research Institute, June 1980

7. Private communications, unpublished research, and company and agency reports may be cited when required. The citation must include the affiliation and, where necessary, the address of the person involved as well as the year. Papers presented at meetings but not published are in this category. When citing theses and dissertations, the critical elements are the author's name, the school's name, and the year.


J. Smith, ABC Coatings-A New Technology, AAA Company, New York, NY, promotional literature, undated

P.A. Siemers and W.B. Hillig, Thermal Barrier Coated Turbine Blade Study, NASA Cr-165351, NASA-LeRC, Cleveland, OH, Aug 1981

P. Ostojoc, "The Adhesion of Thermally Sprayed Coatings," Ph.D. Thesis, Monash University, 1986

8. In press references must include the journal name and as many details as are available at that time, and be denoted by in press, submitted for publication, or to be published.

Publication of Symposium Papers in Journal of Failure Analysis and Prevention

There are special situations when it is desirable to publish a group of papers concurrently in JFAP. Typically, these arise when a technical committee has organized a limited meeting program of two or three half-day sessions on a particular theme. The material must be original, of high quality, and closely correlated but not sufficient in volume to justify a monograph or proceedings-type publication. A high percentage of symposia papers would likely be published as separate JFAP articles, but the authors and committees may feel there is an additional benefit from concurrent publication.

To obtain approval, the chair of the symposium program should write to the Editor outlining the symposium scope and the papers to be considered, with abstracts if available. On receipt of this information, the Editor will determine suitability of the material for a focused issue. All manuscripts in the symposium will be reviewed according to JFAP standard review procedure.

English Language Editing

For editors and reviewers to accurately assess the work presented in your manuscript you need to ensure the English language is of sufficient quality to be understood. If you need help with writing in English you should consider:

  • Asking a colleague who is a native English speaker to review your manuscript for clarity.
  • Visiting the English language tutorial which covers the common mistakes when writing in English.
  • Using a professional language editing service where editors will improve the English to ensure that your meaning is clear and identify problems that require your review. Two such services are provided by our affiliates Nature Research Editing Service and American Journal Experts. Springer authors are entitled to a 10% discount on their first submission to either of these services, simply follow the links below.

English language tutorial

Nature Research Editing Service

American Journal Experts

Please note that the use of a language editing service is not a requirement for publication in this journal and does not imply or guarantee that the article will be selected for peer review or accepted.

If your manuscript is accepted it will be checked by our copyeditors for spelling and formal style before publication.



● 请一位以英语为母语的同事审核您的稿件是否表意清晰。

● 查看一些有关英语写作中常见语言错误的教程。

● 使用专业语言编辑服务,编辑人员会对英语进行润色,以确保您的意思表达清晰,并识别需要您复核的问题。我们的附属机构 Nature Research Editing Service 和合作伙伴 American Journal Experts 即可提供此类服务。


Nature Research Editing Service

American Journal Experts







・プロの英文校正サービスを利用する。校正者が原稿の意味を明確にしたり、問題点を指摘し、英語の質を向上させます。Nature Research Editing Service とAmerican Journal Experts の2つは弊社と提携しているサービスです。Springer の著者は、いずれのサービスも初めて利用する際には10%の割引を受けることができます。以下のリンクを参照ください。


Nature Research Editing Service

American Journal Experts




영어 원고의 경우, 에디터 및 리뷰어들이 귀하의 원고에 실린 결과물을 정확하게 평가할 수 있도록, 그들이 충분히 이해할 수 있을 만한 수준으로 작성되어야 합니다. 만약 영작문과 관련하여 도움을 받기를 원하신다면 다음의 사항들을 고려하여 주십시오:

• 귀하의 원고의 표현을 명확히 해줄 영어 원어민 동료를 찾아서 리뷰를 의뢰합니다.

• 영어 튜토리얼 페이지에 방문하여 영어로 글을 쓸 때 자주하는 실수들을 확인합니다.

• 리뷰에 대비하여, 원고의 의미를 명확하게 해주고 리뷰에서 요구하는 문제점들을 식별해서 영문 수준을 향상시켜주는 전문 영문 교정 서비스를 이용합니다. Nature Research Editing Service와 American Journal Experts에서 저희와 협약을 통해 서비스를 제공하고 있습니다. Springer 저자들이 본 교정 서비스를 첫 논문 투고를 위해 사용하시는 경우 10%의 할인이 적용되며, 아래의 링크를 통하여 확인이 가능합니다.

영어 튜토리얼 페이지

Nature Research Editing Service

American Journal Experts

영문 교정 서비스는 게재를 위한 요구사항은 아니며, 해당 서비스의 이용이 피어 리뷰에 논문이 선택되거나 게재가 수락되는 것을 의미하거나 보장하지 않습니다.

원고가 수락될 경우, 출판 전 저희측 편집자에 의해 원고의 철자 및 문체를 검수하는 과정을 거치게 됩니다.

JFAP is subject to the U.S. Copyright Law, which became effective on January 1, 1978. Accordingly, the signed copyright transfer form must be received in the Editorial Office before an article can be processed for publication. This form, available online, can be downloaded from, and must be signed by each author unless excepted as noted under Part A, "work made for hire," or Part B, which pertains to U.S. government employees. Other copyright transfer forms may not be substituted for this form. Note: If unable to access the Internet, please contact Ellyn Vander-Kaay, Journal Coordinator (contact e-mail:; phone: 440/338-5151, ext. 5518) to obtain a copy of this form.

The copyright transfer becomes effective when the manuscript is accepted for publication. If the article is not published in JFAP, the copyright transfer will not take effect. As the copyright owner for articles in JFAP, ASM International will continue to promote the widest dissemination of the technical information printed in this journal.

Open access publishing

Journal of Failure Analysis and Prevention publishes open access articles. Authors of open access articles published in this journal retain the copyright of their articles and are free to reproduce and disseminate their work.

Visit our Open access publishing page to learn more.