CALLS FOR PAPERS

Call for papers for the Special Issue “Wetlands in Drylands: Diverse Perspectives for Dynamic Landscapes” to be published in Wetlands Ecology and Management.

The deadline for initial submission is May 31, 2021.

The Managing Guest Editor is Dr. Suzanne Grenfell (Stellenbosch University, Stellenbosch, South Africa). Email: sgrenfell@sun.ac.za

The Guest Editors are:

Dr. Michael Grenfell (University of the Western Cape, Bellville, South Africa). Email: mgrenfell@uwc.ac.za

Dr. Emily O’Gorman (Macquarie University, Sydney, Australia). Email: emily.ogorman@mq.edu.au

Dr. Tim Ralph (Macquarie University, Sydney, Australia).         Email: tim.ralph@mq.edu.au

Dr. Adriana Mehl (Universidad Nacional de La Pampa, Argentina) Email: adrianamehl@gmail.com

Prof. Fred Ellery (Rhodes University, Makhanda, South Africa) Email: f.ellery@ru.ac.za

Prof. Stephen Tooth (Aberystwyth University, Aberystwyth, UK) Email: set@aber.ac.uk

 We solicit papers that:

consolidate, extend or challenge current global understanding of Wetlands in drylands (WiDs) ’ hydro-geomorphology, biogeomorphology, biogeochemistry, ecology, and social-ecology; orillustrate the linkages between bio-physical, social, and cultural processes and practices, and their implications for ecosystem service provision; or promote sustainable system-scale management and restoration of WiDs ecosystems, social-ecological / cultural systems, and the services they provide to households and communities in dryland environments.

WiDs have distinctive hydro-geomorphological, biogeochemical, and ecological features that require carefully tailored research and management approaches. Relative to wetlands in humid regions, WiDs are: i) less likely to be sustained by meteoric inputs alone, and must overcome high annual meteoric water deficits (mean annual precipitation << mean annual evaporation), through well-defined links to channel inflow or groundwater discharge; ii) subject to more frequent and prolonged periods of desiccation, which can lead to evaporation-driven chemical sedimentation, and which may combine with fire and aeolian deflation to reduce organic matter accumulation; and iii) frequently characterised by downstream channel narrowing, channel breakdown and floodout development (Tooth & McCarthy, 2007; Ellery et al., 2009).

Interactions between hydro-geomorphological, biogeomorphic and biogeochemical processes in WiDs are a cornerstone of regulatory ecosystem service provision, and the surface or near-surface expression of water, and associated provision of foods, medicinal plants and building materials, assumes a special importance in dry and climatically variable environments (Tooth et al., 2015). Thus, there is a need for holistic, integrated pure and applied analyses of WiDs systems and their ecosystem services, especially in the current context of an increase in stressors from climate change, and human activities such as agriculture, mining, and water/sediment regime modification (TWIDRN, 2014).

Wetlands in Drylands Research Network

More than a decade ago, Tooth and McCarthy (2007) and Ellery et al. (2009) synthesised an emerging knowledge base that highlighted the important role of geomorphology in shaping WiDs over decadal to millennial timescales, and summarised the key physical controls (hydro-geomorphological, sedimentological and biogeochemical) that distinguish these systems from their better-studied humid-region counterparts. Building from these syntheses, the Wetlands in Drylands Research Network was established at an inaugural meeting held near Parys, South Africa in November 2014. The Network is a collaborative international initiative with the goal of promoting holistic scientific analysis and sustainable management of wetlands in drylands, and their surrounding hydrological, geomorphological, ecological, and social landscapes, in order to emphasise the benefits these systems bring to humanity (TWIDRN, 2014). The Network coordinated a special session at the 10th INTECOL International Wetlands Conference, Changshu, China, 18-24th September 2016 on ‘Wetlands in drylands: enigmatic but neglected ecosystems valuable for human wellbeing’. In July 2017, a second Network meeting was held at Macquarie University, Australia, with the theme ‘Dynamic Landscapes’. Network members have since contributed to numerous workshops and conference symposia in Jordan, South Africa, the UK and Argentina, expanding the geographical reach of Network membership in the process. More than half a decade after establishing the Network, and given the continuing pressures on WiDs, the time is now opportune for a state-of-the-art, global assessment of WiDs research and management.

References

Ellery W, Grenfell M, Grenfell S, Kotze D, McCarthy TS, Tooth S, Grundling PL, Beckedahl H, Le Maitre D, Ramsay L. 2009. WET-Origins: controls on the distribution and dynamics of wetlands in South Africa. Water Research Commission Report TT334/09, Pretoria.

Tooth S, McCarthy TS. 2007. Wetlands in drylands: geomorphological and sedimentological characteristics, with emphasis on examples from southern Africa. Progress in Physical Geography 31: 3-41.

Tooth S, Grenfell MC, Thomas A, Ellery WN. 2015. Wetlands in Drylands: ‘Hotspots’ of Ecosystem Services in Marginal Environments. GSDR 2015 Science Brief, United Nations. Available at http://wetlandsindrylands.net.

TWIDRN (The Wetlands in Drylands Research Network). 2014. Parys Declaration on the Importance of Wetlands in Drylands. Available at http://wetlandsindrylands.net.

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We call for papers on Mosquito Control and Wetland Management to be published in Wetlands Ecology and Management.  This Special Issue will be edited by

Dr. Eric Haas-Stapleton (Alameda County Mosquito Abatement District, CA) as Managing Guest Editor

Dr. Ilia Rochlin (Rutgers University and Division of Vector Control, Suffolk County Department of Public Works, NY) as a Guest Editor

Authors are encouraged to submit their papers to this Special Issue on the journal webpage. The deadline for 1st submission of a manuscript is February 28, 2021.

Increasingly, mosquito control practitioners and wetland/natural resource managers work in close collaboration underscoring the need to enhance communication and exchange information and ideas across disciplines.  Recent advances in our knowledge and valuation of wetland ecosystems, new approaches to mosquito control and changing environmental regulations, especially in the face of demonstrable effects of climate change, necessitate that all practitioners have access to the latest information, ideas, and developments in the field. Consolidating this information and the diverse perspectives of practitioners, researchers and regulators working on different types of wetlands into a single volume will greatly enhance understanding and collaboration within and across disciplines. This Special Issue will fulfill this critical need and do so within the overarching goals of Wetlands Ecology and Management: to bridge the disciplines of wetlands management and academic research, and encourage the exchange of information between environmental managers, pure and applied scientists, and national and international authorities on wetlands science, policy and ecological economics.

More than two decades passed since the appearance of West Nile virus in North America which prompted reviews of the interactions between mosquito control practitioners and wetlands managers.  The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service only recently published its recommendations for mosquito control on national wildlife refuges: an effort that began soon after the introduction of West Nile virus. It has been nearly a decade since the special issue on wetlands and human health edited by Pat Dale and Roxanne Connelly was published in Wetlands Ecology and Management, which was very influential providing impetus to increased inter-disciplinary partnership. The prospective authors who have expressed interest in the topic of the Special Issue feel that there is sufficient new information regarding integration of mosquito control and wetland restoration, interactions with natural resource agencies and the environmental community, costs of control programs, demonstrable reductions in vector-borne disease and annoyance from biting mosquitoes, and related subjects making this Special Issue of great and broad interest to researchers, regulators and practitioners.

A need remains to minimize health risks while restoring or maintaining wetland function and increasing knowledge that facilitates long-term wetland management.  Resolution of the perceived conflict between managing wetlands for their ecological services and managing them for positive human health and quality of life outcomes has become a high priority for mosquito control and natural resource professionals. Sea level rise, drowning of coastal marshes, climate change, and other environmental factors that affect both wetland health and mosquito production, add urgency to this imperative. Unintended impacts of mosquito control efforts, as well as mosquitoes and the pathogens that they transmit, also can affect wildlife health and conservation efforts. Anthropogenic impacts on the salt marshes can be ameliorated by careful restoration and limited with new approaches for mosquito control. Renewed interest in integrating salt marsh restoration and mosquito control on the East Coast of the U.S. following hurricane Sandy has led to increased cooperation among mosquito control practitioners, natural resource and regulatory agencies, and environmental NGOs. From the planning, permitting, project design and implementation perspectives there have been important developments and innovative approaches that mitigate the aforementioned conflict.