Editors

Editors-in-Chief:

Zoltan J. Acs
Professor of Management, Director of theEntrepreneurship Initiative, LSE, U.K.

David B. Audretsch
Institute for Development Strategies, Indiana University, Bloomington, USA
Department of Innovation Management and Entrepreneurship, University of Klagenfurt, Austria

Managing Editor:

Adam Lederer
DIW Berlin, Germany

Assistant Managing Editor:

Katie O'Shea
Indiana University Bloomington, USA

Editors:

Thomas Astebro
HEC Paris, France

Rui Baptista
Instituto Superior Técnico, University of Lisbon, Portugal

Maksim Belitski
University of Reading, UK

Werner Bönte
University of Wuppertal, Germany

Andrew Burke
TrinityBusinessSchool, Trinity College Dublin, Ireland

Alex Coad
Waseda Business School, Waseda University, Tokyo, Japan

Marcus Dejardin
University of Namur, Belgium

Sameeksha Desai
Indiana University, Bloomington, USA

Julie Ann Elston
Oregon State University,USA

Saul Estrin
London School of Economics and Political Science, UK

Michael Fritsch
Friedrich Schiller University Jena,Germany

Christina Guenther
WHU-Otto Beisheim School of Management, Germany

Jolanda Hessels
Erasmus School of Economics, The Netherlands

Alexander Kritikos
DIW Berlin, Germany

Esteban Lafuente
Polytechnic University of Catalonia (UPC Barcelona Tech), Spain

Erik E.Lehmann
Augsburg University, Germany

Maria Minniti
Syracuse University, USA

Martin Obschonka
Queensland University of Technology, Australia

Haifeng Qian
University of Iowa,IowaCity,USA

Enrico Santarelli
University of Bologna, Italy

Leon Schjoedt
Babson College, Wellesley, MA, USA

László Szerb
University of Pécs, Hungary

Siri Terjesen
Florida Atlantic University, USA

Christina Theodoraki
TBS Business School, France

Roy Thurik
Erasmus School of Economics, The Netherlands

David Urbano
Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Spain

Silvio Vismara
University of Bergamo,Italy

Marco Vivarelli
Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore,Milano, Italy

Michael Wyrwich
University of Groningen, The Netherlands

Editorial Review Board:

Dolores Añon Higon
, Universidad de Valencia, Spain; Paolo Agnese, LUISS Guido Carli University, Italy; Sara Alshareef, King Abdulaziz University, Saudi Arabia; Jürgen Antony, Pforzheim Business School, Germany; Michael Espindola Araki, University of Louisville, USA; Josep-Maria Arauzo-Carod, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Spain; Sarosh Asad, University of Groningen,the Netherlands;Daniel Auguste, Florida Atlantic University, USA; Giuliana Battisti, University of Warwick, UK; Fabio Bertoni, Skema Business School, France; Stefano Bianchini, Université de Strasbourg, France; Mehmet Huseyin Bilgin,Istanbul Medeniyet University, Turkey;Ekaterina S. Bjornali,NTNU - Norwegian University of Science and Technology,Norway;Joern Block, University of Trier, Germany;Niels Bosma, Utrecht University School of Economics, the Netherlands; Christopher Boudreaux, Florida Atlantic University, USA; Nicola Breugst, TU Munich, Germany; Steven A. Brieger, University of Sussex, UK;Ross Brown, University of St Andrews, UK; Guido Buenstorf,University of Kassel, Germany;Rosa Caiazza, Parthenope University of Naples, Italy; Marco Caliendo, University of Potsdam, Germany;Uwe Cantner,Friedrich Schiller University Jena,Germany;Emanuela Carbonara, University of Bologna, Italy; Elena Cefis,University of Bergamo, Italy;Wendy Chen, Texas Tech University, USA;Claudiu Cicea,Bucharest University of Economic Studies, Romania;Alessandra Colombelli,Politecnico Torino, Italy; Emilio Congregado, University of Huelva, Spain; Marc Cowling, University of Derby, UK; Marco Cucculelli, Università Politecnica delle Marche, Italy; Douglas Cumming, Florida Atlantic University,USA; Michael E. Cummings, University of Arkansas, USA;Dirk Czarnitzki, KU Leuven, Belgium;Mehmet Akif Demircioglu,National University of Singapore, Singapore;Pelin Demirel, Imperial College London, UK; Richard A. Devine, DePaul University, USA; Jason Francis D'Mello, Loyola Marymount University, USA;Linda F. Edelman, Bentley University, USA; Olof Ejermo, Lund University, Sweden; Johan Eklund, Swedish Entrepreneurship Forum, Sweden; José Ernesto Amorós, EGADE Business School, Mexico; Andrea Essl, University of Bern, Switzerland;Mohammad Falahat, Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman, Malaysia;Stephanie Fernhaber, Butler University, USA;Giulio Ferrigno,Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna, Italy;Christian Fisch, Trier University, Germany; Neil Foster-McGregor, UNU-MERIT, The Netherlands;Georgios Fotopoulos, University of Peloponnese, Greece; Frank M. Fossen, University of Nevada, USA; Stuart Fraser, University of Warwick, UK; Jose Garcia-Quevedo, Universitat de Barcelona, Spain;Brett Anitra, American University, USA;Areti Gkypali, Athens University of Economics and Business, Greece; Marco Grazzi, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Italy; Luca Grilli, Politecnico di Milano, Italy; Maria Joao Guedes, ISEG Lisbon School of Economics & Management, Portugal; Maribel Guerrero, Northumbria University, UK;Parisa Haim Faridian, San Diego State University, USA;Daniel Halvarsson, Ratio Institute, Sweden; Diana M. Hechavarria, University of South Florida, USA; Bradley Heim, Indiana University, USA; Yuji Honjo, Chuo University, Japan;Po-Hsuan Hsu, National Tsing HuaUniversity, Taiwan;Winifred Huang, University of Bath, UK;KatrinHussinger,University of Luxembourg, Luxembourg;Amy E.Ingram, Clemson University, USA; Sofia Johan, Florida Atlantic Univerisity USA;Rachida Justo, IE Business School, Spain; Masatoshi Kato, Kwansei Gakuin University, Japan; Romi Kher, City University of New York, USA;Indu Khurana, Hampden-Sydney College, USA;Torben Klarl, University of Bremen, Germany;Jun Koo, Korea University, Republic of Korea; JuliaKorosteleva, University College London, UK;Sierdjan Koster, University of Groningen, the Netherlands; Jackie Krafft, Université Côte d’Azur, CNRS-GREDEG, France; Daria Kuatto,Aalto University, Finland; Donald F. Kuratko, Indiana University, USA; Seidali Kurtmollaiev, Kristiania University College, Norway; Agnieszka Kwapisz,Montana State University, USA; Ludvig Levasseur, Indian Institute ofManagement Bangalore, India; Soo-Hoon Lee, Old Dominion University, USA;João Leitão, University of Beira Interior, Portugal;Jonathan Levie, National University of Ireland Galway, Ireland; Werner Liebregts, Tilburg University, Jheronimus Academy of Data Science (JADS), the Netherlands;Christian Linder, ESCP Business School, UK; Chen Liu, TrinityWestern University, Canada;Feng Liu, Shandong University, China;David S. Lucas, Syracuse University, USA; William Luther, Florida Atlantic University, USA; Tatiana S. Manolova,Bentley University, USA; Alberto Marzucchi,Gran Sasso Science Institute, Italy; Orietta Marsili, University of Bath, UK; Colin Mason, University of Glasgow, UK; Simona Mateut, University of Nottingham, UK;Dirk Meissner, National Research University Higher School of Economics, Russian Federation,Joana Mendonça,IST, University of Lisbon, Portugal; Matthias Menter,Friedrich Schiller University Jena, Germany; Michele Meoli, University of Bergamo, Italy; Chao Miao, Salisbury University, Maryland, USA, José María Millán, University of Huelva, Spain; David J. Miller, George Mason University, USA; Erik Monsen,University of Vermont, USA; Hugo Montesinos,Ursinus College, USA; Bettina Müller, University of Mannheim, Germany; Atthaphon Mumi, Mahasarakham University,Thailand; Samuele Murtinu, Utrecht University School of Economics, The Netherlands;Olga Nicoara, Ursinus College, USA; Kristian Nielsen, Aalborg University, Denmark; Colm O'Gorman, Dublin City University, Ireland; Martha O'Hagan-Luff, Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland; HiroyukiOkamuro, HitotsubashiUniversity, Japan; Raquel Ortega Argilés, University of Birmingham,UK; Stine Øyna, University of Agder, Norway;Sujit Pandey, NHH Norwegian School of Economics, Norway; Georgios A. Panos, University of Glasgow, UK; Pankaj C. Patel, Villanova University, USA; Saurav Pathak, Xavier University, USA; Gabriele Pellegrino, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Italy; Iñaki Peña-Legazkue, Deusto Business School, Spain; Mariacristina Piva, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Italy; Larry Plummer, Western University,Canada; Vivien Procher, Grenoble Ecole de Management, France; Anita Quas, University of Milan, Italy;Francesco Quatraro, University of Torino, Italy;Maija Renko, DePaul University, USA; Niels Rietveld, Erasmus University Rotterdam, the Netherlands; Vera Rocha, Copenhagen Business School, Denmark;Davud Rostam-Afschar, University of Hohenheim, Germany; Philip Roundy, University of Tennessee- Chattanooga, USA; Pietro Santoleri, Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna, Italy; Denis Schweizer, Concordia University, Canada;Armin Schwienbacher, Skema Business School, France; Nikolaus Seitz, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Germany; Kourosh Shafi, California State University East Bay, USA; Andrea Signori, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Italy; Éva Somogyiné Komlósi, University of Pécs, Hungary; Alina Sorgner, John Cabot University, Italy; Stjepan Srhoj,University of Dubrovnik, Croatia;Pekka Stenholm, University of Turku, Finland;Alessandro Sterlacchini, Università Politecnica delle Marche, Italy;Christoph Stöckmann, University of Duisburg-Essen, Germany; Michael Stuetzer, DHBW Mannheim, Germany; Ezequiel Tacsir, CINVE, Uruguay; Federico Tamagni, Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna, Italy;Mercedes Teruel, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Spain;Yannick Thams, Florida Atlantic University, USA; Bram Timmermans, Norwegian School of Economics, Norway;Miguel Torres Preto, Instituto Superior Técnico, Portugal;Hien T. Tran, University of Ottawa, Canada; Tania Treibich, Maastricht University, the Netherlands; Alexandra Tsvetkova, OECD Trento Centre for Local Development, Italy; Joanna Tyrowicz, University of Warsaw, Poland;Elisa Ughetto, Politecnico di Torino, Italy; Diemo Urbig, Brandenburg Universityof Technology Cottbus-Senftenberg, Germany;Marilyn A. Uy, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore; Vicar S. Valencia, Indiana University South Bend, USA; Peter van der Zwan, Leiden University, the Netherlands; Mirjam van Praag, Free University of Amsterdam, the Netherlands; André van Stel, Trinity College Dublin, Ireland; Tom Vanacker, Ghent University, Belgium; Ana Venâncio, ISEG Lisbon School of Economics & Management, Portugal;Ingrid Verheul, Erasmus University Rotterdam, the Netherlands; Antonio Vezzani, Università degli Studi Roma Tre, Italy; Theodor Vladasel, UniversitatPompeu Fabra,Spain;Qingfang Wang, University of California Riverside, USA;John Watson, Advali Advisors, Australia; Nick Williams, University of Leeds, UK;Katharine Wirsching, Augsburg University, Germany; Robert Wuebker, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, USA; R. Işıl Yavuz, Bryant University, USA; Lei Zhang, University of South Florida, USA;Ting Zhang, University ofBaltimore, USA; Haibo Zhou, University of Nottingham Ningbo, China